1. ‘Willimus Holland.’ 1.1. Thomas Holland, mar. Elizabeth Wall, d/o ‘Will. Wawll’ (Wahull) of Wheathill. Shropshire. This Elizabeth can be taken to have been of a young age at marriage, having children over a 19 year period; not uncommon at this time. 1.1.1. William Holland, 1518-1590, mar. 1538, Alice Ditton of Doddington, b. 1523, d/o John Ditton of Doddington and Anna Broughton, s/o Robert Ditton of Doddington and Benedicta Morgan, d/o William Morgan of Shropshire (Vis. Shrop. 1623, p. 250). In 1557, there was a Writ of the Court of Queen’s Bench in a suit between William Holland, of Burwarton, Robert Ditton and Thomas Smythe, as to the manor and lands of Wheathill, Egerton and Bromdon, and the advowson of Wheathill. The said William Holland bought a moiety of Ditton manor in 1561; his grandson, also William, ob. 1642, reunited the manor through purchase. Thus Ditton manor became the seat of these Hollands, descending from father to son, the following being lords: Thomas, William, d. 1699, Thomas, d. 1722 (‘Ditton Priors’, A History of the County of Shropshire: Volume 10: Munslow Hundred (part), The Liberty and Borough of Wenlock (1998), pp. 300-320). Francis Holland, b. 1544, in Burwarton, Shropshire, mar. Thomasine Russel ‘fil. Roberti Russel.’ Francis Holland, mar. Dorothy Barker, of the Barker family of ‘Wollerton, Coulshurst, and Haughmond.’ Thomas Holland, mar. Alicia, ‘fil. Thomas Cocke of Pickthorne.’ It has been contended that Richard Cocke of Bremo was he who was baptised in Sidbury, Shropshire, on Dec. 13, 1597; the son of Thomas Cocke of Pickthorn. One of Richard’s sons, Col. Thomas Cocke, named his home ‘Pickthorne Farms.’ Michael Holland de Pickthorne, mar. Jane, ‘fil. Adam Detton de Detton.’ George Holland of Purslow, mar. Cecilia Lutley, d/o Adam Lutley of Bromcroft, by his wife, Elizabeth Cresset, d/o Robert Cressett, s/o Richard Cressett of Upton Cressett, near Bridgnorth, Shropshire, and Jane Wrottesley, d/o Richard Wrottesley, Esq., Sheriff of Staffordshire, and Dorothy Sutton. Adam Lutley’s sister was Joyce Lutley. Cecilia Lutley’s br., Robert Lutley, mar. Mary, d/o Francis Holland, aforesaid, she mar. (2) Sir Charles Baldwin (d. aft. 1623); issue: Timothy Baldwin, bapt. Sept. 28, 1619, mar. Ellen Owen of Condover, Shropshire, b. May 21, 1622, relict of Sir George Norton, d/o Sir William Owen of Condover, s/o Sir Thomas Owen of Condover (J. Morris, Shropshire Genealogies, vol. 3, p. 1251). Returning to Richard Cressett, mar. to Jane Wrottesley; his sister was Johan Cressett, who mar. Thomas Whitton of Lamberhurst, Kent, most likely connected to the Whittons of Whitton, Salop.Thomas Whitton mar. (2) Mary, d/o William Finch of the Mote, near Canterbury, Sheriff of Kent, s/o Sir Thomas Finch, who mar. Catherine Moyle, d/o Sir Thomas Moyle of Eastwell. Catherine’s sister, Anne Moyle, mar. Sir Thomas Kempe, of Wye, sheriff of Kent in 1548, 1549, and 1563. He had mar. (1) Cecily Cheney; their dau., Alice, mar. Sir James Hales (See – ‘Parishes: Eastwell’, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 7 (1798), pp. 398-412). As in ‘Longfield’, these Hales were descendants of Isabel Harris, and much interconnected to the Honywood and Woodward families. The Harris family held under the Moyles, who held land in Aylesbury, Bucks. Thomas Whitton, aforesaid, was the f/o Henry Whitton, f/o Henry Whitton: ‘Margaret, wife of Arthur Bassano of this parish, gent., 26th October, 1620, aged 66, leaving behind her three sons and three daughters; also Camela, eldest daughter of Arthur and Margaret Bassano, wife of Henry Whitton of Lamberhurst, Kent, gent., 11th May, 1622, aged about 46 years. This memorial placed 10th April, 1623’ (‘Memorials in the church: Brasses’, Survey of London: volume 15: All Hallows, Barking-by-the-Tower, pt. II (1934), pp. 58-75). This Henry Whitton being the br, of Mary Whitton, who mar. William Fowle, gent: He mar. (2) Mary Whitton, on Jan. 13, 1606, in Frant, Sussex. By his first wife, Elizabeth Pankhurst, William Fowle was the f/o Helen Fowle, who mar. (1622) David Barham of Wadhurst; youngest s/o John Barham and Mary Courthope; br./o Mary Barham, who mar. (1) John Holland Jr. of Lamberhurst, on Jun. 20, 1603, in Tonbridge, Kent. Thus were the Hollands enfeoffed in Wadurst.

1.1.2 John Holland., b. 1535, mar. Joyce Lutley, aforesaid; he being John Holland Sr., enfeoffed in Lamberhurst, Kent. John Holland Jr., of Lamberhurst, mar. Mary Barham, aforesaid.

(5460/3/11. Jan. 23, 1605. ‘1. Jn. Lutley of Bromecroft, gent., Nich. Leighton of the Cotes, gent., Hen. Whitton of Lamberhurst, Kent, gent., Fras. Holland of Burwardyne, gent. and Thomasyn his wife 2. Fras. Cressett of Upton Cressett, esq., and Edw. Cressett, gent., son and heir apparent of Fras. Cressett. A fine was levied (5460/3/10) for settling the manors and property to Fras. Cressett for his life, remainder to Edw. Cressett and his heirs forever, i. e. – the Manor of Upton alias Upton Cressett and lands and houses, etc. and the patronages in Upton Cressett, and all rights, etc. belonging to the Manor, late the property of Rd. Cressett, esq. decd. The capital messuage in Upton Cressett in which Fras. Cressett now lives, with lands belonging; Signed: John Lutley, Nycholas Leyghton, Henry Whitton, F. Holland, mark of Tomasin Holland’).

The Manor of Upton Cressett was the ancient home of the de Upton and Cressett families. The de Uptons were Verderers of the Royal Forest of Morfe, and the last of their line mar. into the Cressett family in the 14th century. In the mid-15th century, Hugh Cressett, a Lancastrian, was a Royal Commissioner along the Welsh March, Constable of Mortimer Castle, and Sheriff of Shropshire. His son, Robert, a Yorkist, played an active part in the Wars of the Roses, being pardoned in 1459 for rebellion after the Yorkists were defeated at Ludlow. Robert Cressett’s son, Thomas, was imprisoned by Henry VII in the Marshalsea, probably for conspiracy, but escaped in 1503, and was pardoned in 1505. He supplied soldiers for Henry VIII’s French Wars of 1512-13.

The ancestor of the Lutleys, Philip de Lutley, was a Commissioner to survey Bridgnorth Castle in 1341; a bailiff of Sir John de Aston, the sheriff, 1345; verderer of Kinver forest; Wool Commissioner, 1347; J. P. and Commissioner of Array, 1352. While Coroner he was slain in 1352 by Sir Hugh de Wrottesley on Dunston Heath, when levying a distraint for the sheriff. He mar. Katherine, d/o John de Perton.’The family of Perton was seated at Perton in Staffordshire, where it held lands by serjeantry from an early period. The Lord of Perton and Trescot was bound to attend the King in any Welsh expedition with two horses, for eight days at his own cost, and if he remained longer, then at the King’s cost. Ranulph de Perton, who thus held Perton in 1211, was deceased on Sept. 26, 1241, when John, his son and heir, obtained livery of his inheritance at Perton’ (Robert William Eyton, Antiq. Shrop., p. 122, 1859). David Holland. Prerogative Court of Canterbury; Probate Jul. 3, 1617. Joyce Holland of Lamberhurst, widow, will dated Mar. 10, 1616: ‘Unto the poore people of the parish of Lamberhurst 10 shillings to be distibuted among them at the discretion of my executor on the daye of my buryall unto John, David & Mary Holland, the sonnes & daughter of John Holland my sonne, 5 pounds each, when 21 …….’ . ……. AMS/5813/11. Feb. 2, 1669: ‘John Saunders gent (son of Thomas Saunders deceased), David Holland gent, and Richard Weston junior (son of R. W. yeoman) surviving feoffees to John Barham of Butts gent, John Saunders of Pell gent (son of Nicholas Saunders of Pell gent deceased) all of Wadhurst. Dwelling houses and annuity in AMS5813/5. W: Joseph Dunmoll, William Fowle, John Welles.’ ……. (William Perkins mar. Elizabeth Wells; issue: William Perkins, who mar. Isabella Christian; issue: William Perkins, b. c. 1730, in New Kent Co.; d. 1813 in Patrick Co.; mar. (Feb. 23, 1756, in Goochland) Susannah Holland, d/o Michael Holland). ……. Deed Book 2, p.114. Jul. 15, 1735: ‘To William Adkinson for 200 acres north side James River on branch of Licking Hole Creek, being part of survey by Adams, the other to Michael Holland bounded by Thomas Sanders, Francis Coley, Robert Adams and Michael Holland wit: Thomas Sanders, Richard Parke, Jno Bowie.’ ……. DYK/530. Jan. 22, 1636: ‘Marye Ballard of Lamberhurst, Kent, widow, to Thomas Sanders of Wadhurst, gent, Water corn mill called Pepper Mill, and grubland 25 acres in Lamberhurst, Sussex. Messuages called Carters, Rowneden and Rowneden Meade (52 a.) in Lamberhurst and Wadhurst ……’ ……. ‘I Richard Ballard of Lamberhurst in the countie of Kent ………. Item I give to my loving ffather (in-law) Mr Alexander Thomas …… to my loving mother Mrs. Ann Ballard ……. to my loving brothers Mr Richard Thomas; Mr William Thomas; Mr Samuel Maplesden.’ ……. Richard Ballard mar. Mary Courthope;* her aunt, also Mary, was w/o John Barham; their son, also John, bur. Wadhurst, mar. Mary Saunders of Great Pell, sister of the said John Saunders. Either William Ballard or his br., Richard, would seem to be the f/o Thomas Ballard, who mar. Anne Thomas; their son, William Ballard, mar. Anne Moorman.’ *Thus, cousin of Mary Barham, w/o John Holland Jr. of Lamberhurst, great-grandf. of John and Edward Holland …….’ ……. On October 12, 1712, Elizabeth Thomas of Isle of Wight sold to Robert Sanders of the U. P. of Nansemond for 1800 lbs. tbco. 137 acres given to said Elizabeth by will of her deceased father Richard Thomas, dated April 8, 1687, part of a dividend of 550 acres divided between her brothers and sisters, from a patent of 1650 acres granted to Jonathan Robinson, Richard Thomas, and John Sanders, April 3, 1681.’ ……. Thomas Butcher of Madhurst, County Sussex, gent. Will pr. Sep. 15, 1646: ‘To my neices Marie and Elizabeth Butcher, daughters of my deceased brother John Butcher ……. To my sister Elmott, wife of Walter Monde ……… 40 each out of my lands at Bennenden in Kent …….. to her two former sons Abell and Thomas Bridge ……. To Marie, wife of William Lucke of Durgates ……… then to Thomas Luck her second son; if he should die before my neice, then to Marie his mother, then to his brother Richard, then to his Brother Edward, then to his sister Mary. To my neice Ann, wife of David Holland. (‘David Holland of Wadhurst, mercer, & Anne Burton of same, maiden: sureties, said 1. H. and William Lucke of same, husbandman, Wadhurst.’) ……. then to her second son, then to her daughter Ann ……… To Anne and Elizabeth Delton, daughters of my uncle William Delton ……. To Margaret their sister, wife of Mr. Thomas Swanne, now resident in Virginia …….. Witnesses: Peter Braviour, Clericus, Thomas Saunders, William Brian.’

Thomas Swanne’s first wife was Margaret Delton, d/o the said William Delton, s/o Richard Delton. They mar. Jan. 13, 1639. Thomas Swanne was granted a headright claim on Feb. 7, 1655 for her arrival in Virginia, as part of a land patent claim for 900 acres. William Delton, her father, had mar. Francis Bassett (May 21, 1611) at St. Dunstan, Stepney. Colonel Thomas Swanne mar. fifthly, Dec. 20, 1668, Mary Mansfield, s/o George Mansfield of Surry, merchant, who made his will in London, dated May 21, 1670. Probate was granted Jul. 27, 1670 (Virginia Historical Magazine, 11, p. 311). He describes himself as ‘Of Virginia in parts beyond the seas, Merchant, but now at London.’ He bequeathed legacies to his sister Mary, wife of Colonel Thomas Swanne, £10; sister Anne Sumner, wife of Francis Sumner £10; sister Margaret, wife of William Oldis of Surry, £10; cousin Elizabeth Tanner, widow, £10; uncle John Beale, citizen and grocer of London, £20. He gave all his lands and goods in Virginia to his nephew, Francis, s/o Francis and Anne Summer. One of the witnesses was a Charles Barham, also David Gryer and Phillip Peirson (Penn 92, 1670).

The children of Colonel Thomas Swanne and his fifth wife inc. Mary Swanne, b. Oct. 5, 1669, who mar. Richard Bland of Jordan’s Point, s/o Theodoric Bland and Anne Bennett, d/o Colonel Richard Bennett. Anne’s sister, Elizabeth, mar. Col Charles Scarborough. Their dau. Ann Scarborough, mar. Maj George Parker of Accomac, who bought lands in Accomac county called ‘Poplar Grove.’ (See the will of Governor Bennett (Colonel Richard), also that of his son Richard Bennett, who mention George Parker and Ann Scarborough and their children, and also the children of Charles Scarborough and Theoderic Bland). ‘George Parker, 1300 acs. Northampton Co., 26 Sept. 1661, p. 313, (431). At Anancock Cr., beg. at land of Mr. Wm. Waters. Trans. of 26 pers: Peter Mills, 17 Negroes, Judeth Barber, An Barber, Henry Wms. (Williams), Stephen Norgrove, Wm. Hart, An Stone, Wm. Norton, Mary Jones.’ Waters mar. the widow of George Clarke, mentioned as a friend in the will of Edward Baker.

Richard Cocke mar. Mary Aston, d/o Col. Walter Aston, who was mentioned in the will of Francis Potts, who had mar. Susanna Baker, d/o John Baker. Mrs. Aston lived on Turkey Island, adjacent to Joseph Royall, Captain Edward Hill, Daniel Lewellin, Lt. Robert Craddock, Francis Eppes, and Sergeant Harris. Richard Cocke lived adjacent to Captain Thomas Harris. Daniel Lewellin patented his land adjacent to Mrs. Aston near Turkey Island, and in 1654 purchased the land of John Baker, from his wife, Dorothy Harris. Francis Potts, husband of Susanna Baker, had also mentioned Mrs. Aston in his will. Lewellin claimed several head rights (1650 and 1656) for Susanna’s brother, mariner Edward Baker. *Colonel Richard Bennett’s son, Richard Bennett, mar Henrietta Neale, whose br., Anthony, mar. Mary Digges, d/o Edward Digges.

SAS-RF/3/143. Jan. 26, 1625: Between William Bryan (one of the sons of Wm. Bryan late of Wadhurst, gent. decd.) (1) Thomas Bryan (another son of the said Wm. Bryan decd.) (2) and John Lawrence of Southwark, Surrey, grocer (3), to lead the use of a Recovery to be suffered to the said John Lawrence of a capital messuage or tenement in Wadhurst near Sparrowes Green, wherein Wm. Bryan the father lately dwelt with lands &c. belonging containing 48 acres Also the Wyndmill feilds and Smythfeilds containing 33 acres And a woodland (theretofore part of Hardstone Wood) containing 24 acres And a lane leading from Sparrowes Greene to Hardstone Wood All the said premises being in Wadhurst And also all other lands tenements and heredits in Wadhurst theretofore purchased by the said Wm. Bryan decd. of Wm. Fowle gent. And also the said messuage and lands called the Frith containing 30 acres, part of the tenement called the Frith Set in Heathfeild als Heighfeild And also the 10 acres of land called Vinall and the several pieces of land called the Frith containing 70 acres, purchased by Wm. Bryan decd. of John Holman (see Nos. SAS-RF/3/141, 142, ante). Signatures, William Bryan, John Lawrence. Witnesses:- Tho. Houghton, Will Ovenden.’ Thus, William Bryan Sr. had purchased land from William Fowle, whose dau, as said, mar. Daid Barham, br.-in-law of John Holland Jr. It is not improbable that these Bryans had mar. into this kinship network.

AMS5813/9. Feb. 2, 1647: ‘Thomas Saunders of Wadhurst gent and Richard Weston of Wadhurst yeoman to William Bryan gent, Edward Short gent, John Saunders (son of T. S.) gent, John Barham of Shoesmyth gent, David Holland mercer, and Richard Weston (son of R. W.) of Ryseden yeoman, all of Wadhurst. Annuity in AMS5813/5: Acknowledged by T. S. before Edmund Rede and enrolled in chancery, Feb. 5, 1647 W.: as AMS5813/7, except R. L. Deed AMS/5813/11, as above quoted, was for the assignment of new trustees concerning deed AMS5813/9.

AMS5729/101. Jan. 11, 1656: ‘William Bryan of Rotherfield, clerk (son and heir of William Bryan of Wadhurst gent deceased) to Edward Fisher of Burwash weaver (brother and heir of Robert Fisher of Wadhurst, barber, deceased). Land called Terrys Field (3a. now divided) (lately occupied by W. B. deceased) with a newly-built house in two dwellings lately occupied by John Swasland and John Roots; E: land of George Courthope gent; W: land late W. B. called Pettfield; S.: Sparrows Green – Wadhurst Town highway; N.: land late W. B. called Church Field and Yew Tree Field. Recites mortgage for £100, W. B. deceased to R. F. deceased, Aug. 20, 1650. W: James Nokes, Samuel Dawe.’ AMS5729/102. Dec. 15, 1697: Related information , for a conveyance by W. B. for the benefit of Creditors of the above (identified as part of Faircrouch manor), Sept. 9, 1708: ‘William Benge of Wadhurst gent to Henry Weller of Frant gent ……. E: William Bryan’s land called Burnt Barn Field and Baylies Field …….. E: land part of Weekwood lately Nicholas Saunders gent.’ Quitclaim by mortgagor for £3 4s 6d – AMS5729/103. May 7, 1705: ‘Thomas Baldock of Wadhurst, yeoman, to William Bray of Wadhurst yeoman four pieces of land (20 a.) in Wadhurst lately occupied by T. B. ; E: highway from TB’s house to Barkley Mill; S: T. B’s land and land of the heirs of William Ballard gent; W, N: land of Thomas Markwick’s heirs; N: William Baldock’s land. Mortgaged by T. B. to John Wyble of Marden, Kent, yeoman, for £110, Oct. 2, 1655; endorsed: Brays and Baldocks W.: George Hooper, John Wells Luck.’ ‘Henry Sanders, Apr. 26, 1698, grantee 118 acres near King Sale. Adjoining the land of Thomas Parker, Edward Felwell, and John Bryan, in Isle of Wight County.’ In 1717, Elias Ballard patented (patents 10, p. 359) land in Nansemond; ‘Elias Ballard Nansemond County, Jan. 24, 1717, 400 acres being near Sumerton in the Upper Parish of Nansemond County ……. a corner tree of Elias Ballard in John Holland’s line ……. to a pine in John Bryant’s line’ ……. Elias Ballard claiming Samuel Woodward as a headright.
James Bryan was the grandson of Edward Bryan and Christina Council; the son of their son, John Bryan Sr. On Apr. 20, 1731, James Bryan and wife Joan deeded to Walter Bryan 200 acres adjacent Hodges Council, willed by Council to daughter ‘Christina, wife of Edward Bryan.’ John Bryan, Sr., willed the same to said James Bryan (Isle of Wight Deed Book 4, p. 104). The said Hodges Council having connection to the Harris and Woodward families, as described in ‘Longfield.’ John Holland. PAR/498/37/14. Oct. 23, 1654: ‘John Baker of Mayfield, Esq., lord of the manor of Mayfield, to Gregory Dyne, Joseph Dunmoll, gent, Richard Lucke yeoman, David Holland mercer, John Barham of Shoesmiths gent, John Lucke (son and heir apparent of Richard Lucke), John Holland (son and heir apparent of David Holland) …….’ John Holland’s Will, proved May 17, 1675, mentions sons John and Edward. He had mar. Anne Burton; the overseer of his Will was Edward Burton, his br.-in-law, and Gregory Dyne (Dene). Marriages of Goochland Co., 1733-1815 (Williams), p. 12, Nov. 2, 1763: ‘Charles Burton and Mary Holland, dau. of George Holland. Sur. George Holland and Michael Holland. Wit: John Miller and George West.’

AMS/1994. Mar. 10, 1682: ‘Edward Luck of Wadhurst, gent, to John Wells otherwise Atwells of Wadhurst, butcher, and his daughter Elizabeth Wells of Wadhurst, spinster; E. L. to marry E. W. Lease of part of the above to James Bellingham for 11 years from 29 Sep 1680 at £5, 20 Jan 1681; E. L. covenants to bequeath £100 to E. W. as jointure, and her father J. W. covenants to bequeath £100 to E. W. after the death of his wife Mary Wells. W: Richard Playsted, Edward Holland, Thomas Shorte.’ Michael Holland of Goochland, it is suggested. Thus, the kinship associations of these Hollands were replicated in Virginia; when such replication exists, ancestry is more certain, for people of these times were members of kinship groups; marriages within which enabled the gaining and preservation of wealth and security. Many proposed American pedigrees of English origin are ‘attached’ to ones appearing in genealogical tomes, and are completely devoid of any ‘continuation of association.’

To repeat: Henry Whitton being the br, of Mary Whitton, who mar. William Fowle, gent: He mar. (2) Mary Whitton, on Jan. 13, 1606, in Frant, Sussex. Frant is on the road leading to Lamberhurst, 5 miles hence. Joyce Holland only mentions John Holland Jr. as her son; it is highly likely that this Edward Holland is of near kin: ‘Feb. 11, 1616, Richard Tayler of Fraunt, cordwainer, & Elizabeth Burges of Tunbridge, widow: sureties, said R. T. and Edward Holland of Fraunt, yeoman’ (S. M. L.). There was a close link between a Harris family of Kent and that of Boyse: From ‘Longfield’ – ‘Richard Harris, mar. (Apr. 25, 1580; St. Paul, Cant.) Anne Boys; d/o John Boys of Goodnestone and Dorothy Pawley, mar. 1558; br/o Thomas Boys Esq., of Eythorne, who mar. Mary Denne, relict of John Coppin, s/o Catherine Denne, mar. to John Gookin. ……. Thomas Boys was the f/o Luke Boyse; bapt. Eythorne May 29, 1579; aged 44 in 1624 Muster.’ C. & P. 1., p. 41: ‘Hannah Boyse, daughter & heire of Luke Boyse late of Henrico, 300 acs. in sd. Co., Nov. 11, 1635. Bounded upon the river N. W. & joyning upon the land of Alice Edloe her mother E. 50 acs. due in right of her father for his per. adv., 50 acs. for her owne per. adv. & 200 acs. for trans. of 4 servts., by her sd. father: Tho. Lewis, Robert Hallum, Joseph Ryall (Royal), Edward Holland, Oliver Allen.’ There is a possibility that a collateral branch of the Lamberhurst Hollands established itself in Virginia in the 1630’s; in this regard: ‘Cheney Boyse, last of May 1636, 1550 acres, Charles City County, transportation of 29 persons including William Holland.’ The Hollands of Goochland, it is suggested, were members of a complex kinship group that retained associations established in Shropshire, Kent, and Sussex.

The association between the aforementioned Harris family and Michael Holland of Goochland can be considered: The relict of Major William Harris mar. George Alves. Goochland County Wills and Deeds: Aug. 17, 1730: ‘Samuel Burk of St. James Parish, Goochland Co., to Michal Holland of Hanover Co., for 100 pounds, 400 acres on north side of James River on Licking Hole Cr., above Treasurers Run, bounded by Scott’s line. Wit: R. Napier, George Alves. Signed Sam’ll Burk.’ Recorded Aug. 17, 1730.

It is not improbable that George Alves, aforesaid, was of this Alvey family associated with the Liddells: Calendar of state papers; Domestic series; Reign of Charles I …, Volume 6, 1633, March 11: ‘Master and Society of Trinity House, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Trinity House, to the Council. There are divers quays and staithes whereon the ballast of ships coming for coals is cast, below Newcastle Bridge, and adjoining the Tyne. These are in the possession respectively of Sir Robert Heath, Sir Peter Riddell, Arthur Alvey, Thomas Liddell,* Ralph Cole, the Mayor and Aldermen of Newcastle, and the servants or assigns of Sir Robert Mansell, employed in the glass house.’

1. … 1.1. … 1.2. Robert Honywood, s/o John Honywood, of Charing, and Alice Barnes, mar. Mary (1527-1620), d/o Robert Waters, of Lenham, Kent, when she was sixteen years of age. He mar. (2) Dorothy Brooke, Jul. 3. 1569, as aforesaid. 1.2.1. Robert Honywood of Charing mar. (1) Dorothy Crooke, d/o John Crooke. Sir Robert Honywood of Pett in Charing, mar. Alice Barnham, d/o Sir Martin Barnham of Hollingbourne. Robert Honywood, mar., Apr. 3, 1642, Frances Vane, d/o Sir Henry Vane of Fairlawn and Frances Darcy, d/o Thomas Darcy of Tolleshurst Darcy. Of Vane’s daus., Margaret mar. Sir Thomas Pelham; Frances, as said, mar. Sir Robert Honeywood of Pett; Anne mar. *Sir Thomas Liddell of Ravensworth,* Durham; Elizabeth mar. Sir Francis Vincent of Stoke d’Abernon, Surrey. *He mar. Isabell Anderson; their son was George Liddel, b. 1615, whose son, George Liddel, was bapt. in Lamesely, 1634; synonomous with, it is suggested, ‘George Lydall, gentleman’, as follows. 1.2.1. … 1.2.2. Anne Honeywood, mar. Charles Hales. Anne Hales, mar. Rowland Argall, brother of Richard Argall, who mar. Mary Scott, d. o. Sir Reginald Scott and Mary Tuke; their issue including: Samuel Argall, Deputy-Governor of Virginia, April 1617 to April 1619, etc. 1.2.3. Elizabeth Honeywood, ‘spinster, of the City of London,’ (1561-1631), mar., December 9 1579, George Woodward. The mar. license of George Woodward, ‘gent.,’ and Elizabeth Honywood, spinster, of the City of London,’ was granted December 9, 1579. Martha Woodward, mar. (1) James Bacon. (2) Sir Robert Peake, citizen and goldsmith of London. In his will dated May 15, 1666, P. C. C. Carr, 96, abstracted in New England Hist, and Geneal. Register, Vol. XXXVII., names ‘cousins’ James Waters son of Joseph Waters, his cousin Waters relict of Samuel Waters, skinner, and George Lydall, gentleman, ‘sometime servant’, of Virginia; undoubtedly related to Sir Thomas Liddel, aforesaid. Samuel Waters mar. Ann ——- ; her will (Sep. 7, 1697) names dau. Elizabeth Overton ‘now in Virginia.’ Elizabeth had mar. William Overton; issue: Mary Elizabeth Overton, 1673-1735, mar. Robert Anderson; Temperance Overton, 1679-1716, mar. William Harris.


‘The waste of Denton is here taken at 240 of the old Lancashire acres, equivalent to nearly 389 statute acres. This waste seems to have been held by the lord of the manor with five other partakers or sharers. Alexander Shoresworth was of the old local family of that name, of Shoresworth, an estate in the township of Pendlebury. Sir William Holland of Denton, a younger brother of Sir Robert de Holland knight (created by Edward II. lord Holland, he being Chief Justice of Chester), married Margaret, daughter and heiress of John de Shoresworth, by Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir Alexander Denton knight. Their son was Thurstan Holland. By a deed of 1335, Thurstan, son of Sir William de Holland knight, gives to Margaret my mother, all my burgages, lands and tenements in Mamecestre, which I had of the gift of William de Holland, to have to the said Margaret for life, &c. By an earlier deed (1317) Robert de Holland remits to Sir W. Holland knight for his life, and to Thurstan, son of Margaret Shoresworth’ (John Harland, Chetham Society, vol. 56, p. 352, 1861). Thurstan de Holland had a large family. By his first wife, besides his son and heir, Sir Robert, he had a son William, afterwards Sir William de Holland, from whom the family of Denton sprang. In the 20 Edward III. (1346) one Moston makes a grant of lands in Denton to Thurstan de Holland; and in the 1 Henry IV. (1399) Richard Holland is found seised of the manor of Denton, which he holds of Nicholas Longford by military service’ (Chetham miscellanies, Volume ii., p. 15, 1856).

The family of Mosley possessed considerable sstates in (Denton) in the reign of Edward IV. and John Mosley Gent, of Didsbury, was living in 1480, having a son, James, also of Didsbury, in the 6th Henry VII. His grandson, Sir Nicholas Mosley, was a successful London and Manchester merchant, and having been Lord Mayor of the former city, died December 10th 1612, aged eighty-five, and was buried in Didsbury Chapel (ibid.).

1. Sir William de Holland, mar. Margaret, dau. and heiress of Sir Alexander Denton of Denton. 1.1. Sir Thurstan de Holland of Denton, Lancashire (bore quarterly: azure, a lion rampant guardant between six fleurs-de-lis); mar. Mary Collyer, d/o John Collyer. 1.1.1. William de Holland. In 1346, William, son of Thurstan de Holland, and Roger, s/o Richard de Tyldesley, held one plough-land in Clifton by a rent of 8s. Shortly afterwards William de Holland had possession of the whole. He was succeeded by his son Otes; and by another Otes living about 1440. This last had a son and heir William, who died in 1498. and his son Ralph being childless Clifton passed to a cousin, William Holland,* son of Thomas, son of Otes. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 134–7; Dep. Keeper’s Rep. xxxix, App. 539. The succession is stated also in Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 119, m. 11. *Probably he who mar. Alice Werden. 1.1.2. Sir Richard Holland of Denton and Kenyon, d. 1402, mar. Almerica de Kenyon. Adam de Kenyon, 2nd son of the 2nd Adam de Kenyon and Margaret is called Sir Adam de Kenyon, Knight, in one of the Holland pedigrees. He became Lord of Kenyon on the death of his brother John, and was living 42 Edward 3 (1369). He mar. Matilda, d/o Robert Hesketh, who was living 20 Edw. 3 (1346), and they had an only dau. and heiress, Almerica. Thurstan Holland of Denton, d. 1423, mar. Agnes, fl. 1438. Thurstan Holland of Denton. Richard Holland of Denton, d 1483, mar. Agnes ——. Richard Holland of Denton, fl. 1500, mar. a d/o —– Harrington of Hornby. Thurstan Holland of Denton, d. 1508, mar. Joan Arderne, d/o John Arderne. (The connection between the family of ‘Willimus Holland’ and the families of Wrottesley and Arderne was an extremely close one, and gives a high level of probability to this proposed lineage: (1. Isobel de Arderne, b 1348, Aldford, Cheshire, mar. Hugh Wrottesley, d. 1381, Staffordshire. 1.1. John Wrottesley, b. 1370, mar. Elizabeth Standish, of Lancashire. 1.1.1. Hugh Wrottesley, b. Sept. 14, 1400, mar. Thomasine Gresley, b. 1410, in Gresely, Derbyshire, d. Dec. 25, 1480, in Drakelow, Derbyshire. Walter Wrottesley, 1426-1463, mar. Joan Baron, of Reading, Berkshire. Joan Wrottesley, b. 1471, mar. Richard Cressett). ‘Willimus Holland.’ His family bore the arms of Thurstan de Holland, living 1339. (‘Holland (Burwarton, Charlecot, and Pickthorne, co. Salop: Az. a lion ramp, guard, ar. Crest — A demi lion ramp, guard, grasping a fleur-de-lis az.; Burke’s ‘General Armory’, p. 500, 2009). Thomas Holland, mar. Elizabeth Wall, d/o ‘Will. Wawll’ (Wahull) of Wheathill. Shropshire. John Holland., b. 1535, mar. Joyce Lutley; he being John Holland Sr., enfeoffed in Lamberhurst, Kent. John Holland Jr., of Lamberhurst, mar. Mary Barham. David Holland. John Holland, son and heir apparent of David Holland. John Holland’s Will, proved May 17, 1675, mentions sons John and Edward. He had mar. Anne Burton; the overseer of his Will was Edward Burton, his br.-in-law. Marriages of Goochland Co., 1733-1815 (Williams), p. 12, Nov. 2, 1763: ‘Charles Burton and Mary Holland, dau. of George Holland. Sur. George Holland and Michael Holland.’ Michael Holland of Goochland.

copyright m. stanhope 2012


The following account is of a branch of the Perry family of Devon, that of Micajah Perry, the tobacco merchant, and his many cousins in America and Ireland. In reality, any description of a wealthy family of these times is more about the associations they had in common through kinship and trade, the former leading to the latter, or the reverse. All such families were active speculators in the advantageous marriage market; the ends to greater security and prosperity. They were who they knew, and were keenly aware that wrong choices of acquaintance could be disasterous, and that all empires could soon be dust, as in the case of the Perrys of London. Where I have delved into the realm of the Perrys of Chowan Co., I have largely ignored previous speculations and have substituted my own, for better or worse.

1. Roger Perry, merchant of Exeter, Devon.
1.1. William Perry, merchant Adventurer of Exeter
1.1.1. William Perry, merchant, settled in Limerick, Ireland, and was joined by his nephew, Edmund, of Buckland Monachorom, Devon, who m. a dau. of Stephen Sexton, Mayor of Limerick, establishing a dynasty of Perrys in that place.
1.2. Richard Perry, merchant Adventurer of Exeter, b. c. 1550, church warden of St Petroc, d. 1621.
1.2.1. Robert Perry, m. Elizabeth Randolph, dau. of Bernard Randolph; his Will bequesting: ‘To my daughter Elizabeth, wife of Robert Perry, having already advanced her at her marriage with a competent portion, twenty shillings and no greater legacy’. Barnard Randolph of Biddenden, Kent, gent., Will May 2, 1628, pr. May 27, 1628. Thus, the Perrys of London were kin of the Lunsfords of Wileigh and Hollington, East Sussex, as follows.
1.2.2. Richard Perry, 1580-Jan. 1649, m. Dunes Hicks. Richard Perry, collector of customs and excise, in Glasgow, 1656, and a merchant in Clonmell, Ireland, in 1657, where he had family connections, being cousin of William Perry, of Limerick, who maintained a house in Stepney. Micajah Perry, Oct. 10, 1641-1721, m. Oct. 20, 1663, at St Swithin, London, Anne Owen, d. 1689. He was bound to Robert Carter, citizen and haberdasher of London, October 1, 1656, aged 15. Left real estate in Ireland. Richard Perry, d. Apr. 16, 1720, m. Sarah Richards, the dau. and sole heir of another major tobacco importer, George Richards. Richard used part of this wealth to buy into the Bank of England and he soon became a director of that firm. Micajah Perry, sheriff 1734-5, Lord Mayor of London 1738-39; of St. Mary Axe, London and Epsom, Surr. s. of Richard Perry, merchant, of Leadenhall St., London, director of Bank of England 1699-1701, by his w. Sarah; bro.-in-law of William Heysham; m. Elizabeth, da. of Richard Cocke, linen-draper, of London, sp suc. fa. 1720 (Hist. Parl.). Perry’s grandfather was the greatest tobacco merchant in England and agent for Virginia. Inheriting the family business in 1721, Perry handled the affairs of the Virginia planters in London, and was frequently consulted by the board of Trade about the colony; gd.-fa. Micajah Perry,d. 1721 (Hist. Parl.). Philip Perry, 1703-1762, of Leadenhall St., London; inherited grandfather’s house. Testate, no issue Peter Perry, deposed in York Co., VA, in 1679, to be 28 years of age. Burgess of York Co, in 1688. Mary Perry, m. Mr. … Lowe, lived in Charles City. Micajah Lowe, m. Sara Hamblin; she m. 2., aft. 1703, William Edwards of Surry Co. He represented Surry County in the House of Burgesses in 1706, and his will dated January 9, 1722 was proved in Surry County, February 25, 1722. William Edwards had m. 1. Elizabeth, a dau. of Col. Benjamin Harrison, by whom he was the father of Benjamin Edwards. Col. Benjamin Harrison in his Will, dated 1711, stated ‘I give to every one of my grandchildren 100 pds. current money’. William Edwards in his will (1722) directed that ‘Micajah Perry and Company do pay unto my son, Benjamin Edwards, one hundred pounds sterling I sent them, bequeathed to my said son by his grandfather, Benjamin Harrison, Esqr., and what interest they will allow of’. By (probably) his second wife, William Edwards was the father of Mary Edwards, who m. Lunsford Lomax, June 14, 1729, at Greenspring, residence of Col. Phillip Ludwell. Katherine Lunsford, dau. of Sir Thomas Lunsford, m. 2. Ralph Wormely, Esq., secretary of state, she had issue, by Wormely, two daus., (1) Elizabeth, who m. (1703) John Lomax, son of Rev. John Lomax and Catherine Gray, (2) Catherine, who m. Gawin Corbin, but left no issue. Issue of John Lomax and Elizabeth Wormeley: Lunsford, born Nov. 5, 1705; Catherine, born Oct. 5, 1707; Susanna, John, Frances.

The said Gawin Corbin was a business partner of Micajah Perry, as evidenced in the following deeds: Commander: Thomas Wilkinson. Ship: America. Burden: 400 tons. Crew: 70. Owners: Michael Perry, Thomas Lane, Edward Little, Thomas Rasco, Robert Bloom and Gawin Corben, all of London (HCA 26/3/14. July 11, 1695). Conveyance. By Micaiah Perry to Thomas Lane of London, merchant, of one moiety of all the said premises in Brightling as described. Apr. 1, 1695. East Sussex (SAS-RF/1/111. Apr. 1, 1695). Assignment. By Samuel Palmer and William Cooke and Symon Snell junr. to Richard Perry of London, merchant, in trust for the said Micaiah Perrey and Thos. Lane – for £161. 10s. to the said Samuel Palmer and £257. 10s. to William Cooke – of the before mentioned Mortgages to attend the freehold and inheritance of the premises. East Sussex (SAS-RF/1/113. Apr. 23, 1695). Corbin v Royal African Company. Plaintiffs: Gawen Corbin merchant, of Virginia, America, Micajah Perry merchant, of London, Thomas Corbin merchant of London. Defendants: Royal African Company. Subject: The plaintiff Gawen Corbin was the Company’s factor in Virginia employed in selling slaves. They disputed his accounts and brought a common law action against Gawen and the other plaintiffs who were his guarantors: property in Yorke River, Virginia (C 6/391/70).

Thus, Micaiah Perry and Thomas Lane held property in Brightling, East Sussex, which can be understood through their shared associations with the families of Bathurst and Randolph, given as follows: Bernard Randolph had issue John Randolph, who m. (April 3, 1570) Isabella Lunsford, born 1553, in Wileigh, Ticehurst, East Sussex. Her Will, pr. October 7, 1585, mentions Launcelott Bathurste as an executor ‘of my late father in law Barnard Randolphe deceased’. Isabella’s br., John Lunsford, b. 1551, m. Anne Apsley; their son, Thomas Lunsford, of Wyleigh, born circ. 1575, m. (1) Katherine Fludd, March 7, 1598, in Greenwich, St. Alphage, Kent, son of Sir Thomas Lunsford and his first Barbara Lewknor. John Lunsford and Anne Apsley were the parents of Herbert Lunsford, b. February 5, 1591 in Wileigh. Deed. August 28, 1630: Anthony Apsley, aforesd. & John his eldest son to Herbert Lunsford of East Hoadly Co. Sussex, esq. (later knighted) & William Muddle of Ewehurst Co. Sussex, esq.; Deed for the settlement of the manors aforesd. & providing portions for younger children.

Herbert Randolphe’s br., Bernard Randolphe, had issue: Edmond Randolphe, mentioned thus in the Will (pr. March 21, 1625) of Samuel Argall, who ‘beinge now preste to seme his Maiestie in a voyage intended by sea, … to my niece Katherine Barham’s son, my godson … I give and bequeath unto my loving brother in law Edmond Randolf Esq. the sum of twenty pounds to be paid unto him within six months next after my decease’. The said Bernard’s Will bequesting: ‘To my daughter Elizabeth, wife of Robert Perry, having already advanced her at her marriage with a competent portion, twenty shillings and no greater legacy’ (Barnard Randolph of Biddenden, Kent, gent., Will May 2, 1628, pr. May 27, 1628).

John Lunsford, b. 1551, was the probable cousin of Robert Lunsford of Hollington, whose Will was proved January 24, 1611. He was mentioned in the Will of the said Herbert Lunsford, pr. September 28, 1604: ‘my loving brother-in-law Anthony Apsley … my manor of Filsham (n.b.) in Sussex … and Judith Apsley his wife, my very loving sister … lately devised to Robert Lunsforde of Hollington, yeoman …’. Hollington is situate 17 miles from Wyleigh, in East Hoathly. Robert Lunsford of Hollington instructed: ‘To my sonne William Lunsford, £100, to be paid at the age of one and twenty years … William Bathurst of the Castle (i.e. Hastings, 20 miles from Goudhurst) shall have the bringinge of him upp … to my sonne Robert Lunsford* … reversion of my lands called Chaney … parishe of St. Mihills ( i.e. St. Michael’s parish, Lewes) after my father’s decease … to my sonne Harbert Lunsford,** my farm(s) called Harely and Filsome’.

*Robert Lunsford Jr. was the father of John Lunsford, noticed in this deed: (a) Edward Drew of Tystroffe in West Hoathly yeo. and Ann his wife (b) Samuel Creed of St Clements in Hastings, Clerk and Margaret his wife (c) John Lunsford of St Clements in Hastings, mercer and Mary his wife. (d) Richard Ellis of All Saints in Hastings and Sarah his wife (the wives all being daus. of John Taylor, late of East Grinstead gent. dec’d.).

**Harbert Lunsford had issue: (1) *Robert Lunsford, bapt. April 7, 1622 in Hollington, bur. July 14, 1698, whose son, John Lunsford, born c. 1648, m. Mary Atkins in 1678. (2) John Lunsford, who m. Sarah Avery, in 1646, dau. of Lawrence Avery: ‘Avery, Laurence, of Westfield, Sussex, March 3, 1647-8. Will (105 Pembroke) pr. July 2nd. by dau. Sarah, and her husband John Lunsford (of Hollington)’. She was entitled to a moiety of the properties bought in 1606 and 1613, presumably by descent from Margaret Swanne, her mother (Deeds of Property in Hooe and Bexhill).

*‘Robert Lunsford of Hollington leaves to his wife Mary, and son, John Lunsford, ‘Freeholds and Coppyhold’; his Will pr. July 30, 1698. In her will of September 12, 1695, Sarah (Avery) Lunsford of Hollington, widow, bequeathed her messuage and lands in Hooe to her ‘son Robert for life with remainder to his daughters Sarah, Mary and Ann, subject to an annuity of £5’.

The said Mary Atkins was the dau. of John Atkins junr., ‘To the poor of Brightling (where Micaiah Perry and Thomas Lane held property), 20s. To three daughters, Mary the wife of John Lunsford (m. February 22, 1678; surety J.Jones of Crowhurst and St. Michael’s’), Ann Adkin (sic) and Elizabeth Adkin, all the testator’s share of the … lands and premises in Crowhurst, co. Sussex, which were devised to him by John Marten of Crowhurst, gent., his father-in-law. To son John Adkin … lands … in Brightling and Battell. To sons Thomas Atkin (sic) and Edward Atkin … lands &c. in Eastgrinsted … settled upon testator by Thomas Dyne of Eastgrinsted, gent., his grandfather’.

This connection to the Averys is likey repeated here: ‘Richard Jordan, Jr. 260 a Johnchecokuck Swamp … being part of Mr. (Bartholomew) Owen’s dividend … for transp. of six persons Mary Hoskins, Jon. Avery, Jon. Cooke, Geo. Miller, Tho. Bernard (Virginia Patent B. 7, p. 369).

B. T. Shannon states – ‘Christopher Lewis bequested to Katherine, dau. of Bartholomew Owen, and to the orphan of the Thomas Harris who d. 1668. Katherine Owen’s brothers, William and Thomas Owen, migrated to Goochland about the same time as Michael Holland and others. Later, William Owen* and some of his circle moved to a part of Halifax that became Pittsylvania. Among them were William Atkins/Atkinson, who married Elizabeth Parker, whose son William Atkinson married William Owen’s daughter, Lydia. Another son of William Owen was Lansford Owen. Elizabeth Cartwright, dau. of Robert Cartwright, d. 1676 was under the guardianship of Hezekiah Bunnill, who, on Nov. 4, 1679, presented Walter Flood and Richard Avery (d. December 7, 1685, Surry), as securities for her estate (O.B. 1671-90, p. 273). Elizabeth m. William Rogers, who seems to have m. (1) a dau of Bartholomew Owen. Wm. Rogers lived in the household of widow Joanna Owen, recorded as titheables in 1678; and he was associated with Joshua Proctor, a known son-in-law of Bartholomew Owen. At the same court in which William Rogers receipted for the property of his second wife, Elizabeth Cartwright, Sept. 7, 1686, Robert Owen chose Roger Potter as his guardian instead of William Rogers’ (O.B. 1671-90, p. 528).

William Owen’s wife was very likely a daughter of John Lunsford and Mary Atkin, aforementioned.

Micajah Perry’s partner, Thomas Lane, m. Mary Puckle. Edward Bathurst was m. to Mary’s sis., Susanna. Lane’s Will, pr. Nov. 10, 1710, states: ‘If my wife marry again, I give her sister Susanna Bathurst and her daughter Susanna L200 apiece’. ‘Thomas Lane of St. Catherine, Coleman, London bachelor, 40, and Mary Puckle of St. Catherine Creechurch, London, spinster 20, her parents dead and she at the disposal of her uncle Gray, of same, who consents … At St. Swithin, or St. Stephen, Walbrook, London. (Wm. & Mary Col. Quar. xviii., pp. 104-105). ‘Edward Bathurst of St. Catherine Creechurch, London, bachelor and Susannah Puckle of St. Dunstan, Stepney, Middlesex, spinster 22, her parents dead at St. Mary, Islington, Middlesex, 15 Sept. 1690’ (ibid., p. 95).

This Edward Bathurst was the nephew of Lancelot Bathurst, as hereinafter follows, and was an agent for Micajah Perry in Maryland, in 1704. (Am. Col. 1st Ser.59). Lancelot Bathurst’s dau. m. Francis Merriwether, son of Nicholas Merriwether, whose estate was admin. by Bartholomew Owen. The said Nicholas Merriwether was associated with the family of Pyrant (Perient), given here: Lands of St. Pauls Parish made into precincts Sept. 24, 1708. ‘The lands of Maj. Nicholas Meriwether, James Pyrant, John Pyrant, and Jno. Giles made one precinct of which the said Nicho. Meriweather and Jno. Giles were appointed overseers. The dividing line between George Thomas, Nicholas Meriwether & James Pyrant’s land was processioned by us. James Pirant and John Pirant was present. John Pirants land was not near the others‘ … ‘Samuel Rather of St. Paul’s Parish, Hanover Co to Richard Tyree of St. Peter’s Parish, James City Co, for 60 lbs, 200 acres in St. Paul’s Parish (Hanover) binding the lands of John Anderson Gent, late dec’d, and George Thomas late of this county, now in possession of Dannet Abney and the land formerly of Nicholas Merriweather now in the possession of James Pyrant …'(1734).

James Pyrant’s sister m. William Easley, c. 1725. The Perrys intermarried with the Easleys: William Easley, Robertson Co., TN, Deed Book X, p. 233, March 7, 1828. ‘Joseph Perry to Jane Easley, his daughter, tract on east side of Big Buzzard. 200 acres. Not to be subject to any indebtedness of Jane Easley’s husband, William Easley. Robertson Co., TN, Deed Book 7, p. 451, Jan. 9, 1851, recorded Oct. 11, 1852. ‘William Easley and Jane his wife, Joseph P. Easley, Pleasant Easley, G. W. Easley and his wife, Nancy Easley,, Louisa Easley, William J. Easley, Jr., M. Easley, John G. Easley, R. B. Easley, H. T. Easley, all of County of Macoupin, State of Illinois to Calvin Hart of Robertson County, TN. Consideration $100 for land on east side of Big Buzzard Creek. 100 acres. William Pyrant Easley’.

The said Joseph Perry, who emigrated from Ireland, most likely had strong family connections to Micajah and Philip Perry, and Thomas Lane, the continuators of Perry and Lane, and the close cousinship of the descendants of John Perry of Woodrooff, co. Tipperary,  allowing the reasonable suggestion that Joseph Perry was the son of John Perry of Cork, who, in the 1750’s, was trading extensively with the West Indies, Boston, Philadelphia, and New York, as given hereinafter. The last mentioned Micajah Perry had trained as a clerk in a Philidelphia merchant house.

Micajah Perry m. Ann Owen. Micajah Perry of the parish of Mary-le-Bow, London, ‘haberdasher’, received a license on Oct. 20, 1663 to marry ‘Ann Owen of the parish of St Swithin, London, spinster’; her father being Dr. Richard Owen, a distinguished clergyman, son of Cadwaladr Owen. Dr. Owen was buried in the chancell of Eltham Church on Jan 22, 1682. He is named in the Chirk Castle Accounts, 1666-1753: ‘paid Mr. Ambrose Sparrow the cheese factor, to be returned to Mr. Chalmondeley of London, to pay Dr. Owens in part for the lands bought of him at Llanvechan and Merionethshire cxviii’ – a messuage and tenement in the township of Bodynfol, par. Llanfechain, which had been rented at £20 per anum. Richard Owen (1606–1683), royalist divine, wson of Cadwallader Owen (1562–1617), by Blanche, (aunt, not dau.) of John Roberts, younger br. to Lewis Anwyl of Park, Merionethshire.

Lewis Anwyl’s dau. Catherine, m. William Owen (1624-1677), son of ‘Sir John Owen (1600- 1666), royalist commander, who was the eldest son of John Owen of Bodsilin,* Walsingham‘s secretary, and of Elin (later lady Eure), granddaughter of Sir William Maurice. He was b. in 1600 at Clenennau, near Dolbenmaen, Caerns., his mother’s home; m. Janet, daughter of Griffith Vaughan of Cors-y-gedol, Mer. , and had some military experience before succeeding to Clenennau on his mother’s death in 1626 (N.L.W. Brogyntyn 3/46 ). He was sheriff of Caernarvonshire in 1630-31, and of Merioneth next year.

John Owen of Bodsilin, noted has having three brothers. In that Cadwalladr Owen was born at Maentwrog (see Bertha Porter, ‘Cadwallader Owen (c.1562–1617)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004), and this was owned by the Wynn family of Glyn, Merioneth, an heiress of which m. John Owen’s great-grandson, whose mother was Katherine Anwyl, cousin of Cadwallader Owen’s wife, there is a high probability of the said Cadwalladr being a br. of John Owen.

Thus: 1. Robert Owen, of Bodsilin, m. Anne Wynne. 1.1. John Owen, m. Ellin Morris. 1.1.1. Sir John Owen, Royalist commander. William Owen, m. Katherine Anwyl, dau. of Lewis Anwyl, whose aunt was the wife of Cadwalladr Owen. 1.2. Cadwalladr Owen. 1.2.1. Dr. Richard Owen. Amy Owen, m. Micajah Perry, partner of Thomas Lane, who m. a dau. of Lancelot Bathurst’s nephew, who worked for Micajah Perry in Maryland, in 1704.Lancelot Barhurst’s dau. m. Nicholas Meriwether, whom Bartholomew Owen was Power of Attorney. 1.1.2. … Owen. Bartholomew Owen (a notorious disputant!), noted in Virginia in the mid 1650’s, coinciding with the Royalist defeat in the English Civil War, and the harsh treatment of such as Sir John Owen. He transported Mary Ransome. Robert Ransome was the captain of the ‘Planters Adventure betw. 1677 and 1681, bound from London to Virginia. He also served as first officer on the ‘Culpepper’, a Perry and Lane ship, which Micajah Perry used on his cross-Atlantic voyages. HCA 26/1/57. Philip Perry, b. c. 1605, d. October 9, 1669, in Isle Of Wight Co., where he bought 100 acres from Nicholas Aldred,Sept. 10, 1655. He came to colonies on a ship owned by his nephew, Micajah Perry. John Perry, d. June 16, 1724 in Chowan Co., NC. Benjamin Perry, d. 1728. Benjamin Perry, d. March 11, 1788, in Perquimans, m. (1728) Susan Walton, d. 1791, dau. of Thomas Walton, Sr., of Chowan County. (See as follows). Benjamin’s father died in the year of his son’s marriage, when Benjamin Jr. sold his family’s land to Thomas Lane, nephew of his namesake, who d. in 1710, partner in the Perry and Lane Company. Elizabeth Perry, possible wife of Richard Evans of Perquimans Co, NC; Micajah Perry’s 1720 will names as sister, Elizabeth Evans. John Perry of Woodrooff, co. Tipperary, d. 1709-10 (see British Records Association, Letters Patent granting lands of Rochestown, Cloghacaddy, barony of Iffa & Offa, to John Perry, March 31, 1686. Small Accs. Index No 101, D.18,608); m. Anne Neville, dau. of John Neville of Newrath; m. 2. Rev. Thomas Somerville. Anne Neville was the cousin of Mary Neville, who m.(1717) Edward Jones of Wexford, later Neville (Colonel). The Perrys were established at Woodrooff, Clonmel, county Tipperary, from the beginning of the 18th century. In 1703, John Perry of Woodruffe bought part of the estate of King James II in the barony of Iffa and Offa. Samuel Perry, m. (1721) Phoebe Norcott, dau. of William Norcott, at least 5 children: 1. John Perry, 2. William, who m. Ann Peddar, 3. Richard, a merchant in Cork, who m. 1. Ellen Lavitt, dau. of Alderman William Lavitt, and 2. Mary Newman; and daughters, Dorcas (m. William Warren of Warren’s Court), and Elizabeth, m. … Kildahl. Richard and Ellen Lavitt had issue, Samuel and Richard; Richard and his 2nd wife Mary Newman, dau. of Adam Newman, had issue: Adam, Charles, and Richard. Samuel Perry’son, John, was probably the John Perry of Cork, Who, in the 1750’s, was trading extensively with the West Indies, Boston, Philadelphia, and New York. John Perry, merchant of Cork, substantially involved in the transatlantic trade. Joseph Perry. Hannah Perry, b. c. 1787, in Ireland, m. Oval Rowe in Robertston Co, TN. Oval Rowe’s father was Richard Rowe/Roy of King and Queen County, as whose substitute Benoni Carlton served in the Revolutionary War (pension application S8154, King and Queen County, Virginia), and whose dau. Benoni Carlton married, a son being named Harris Carlton. Oval’s father as Richard Row, ‘an extensive farmer and slave holder’. ‘Mary Ann Rowe m. Young Finis Ewing Harris, son of Rev. William M. Harris (son of James Harris of Lancaster Co, Pennsylvania who d. 1798 in Adair Co. Ky?) and his wife Nancy Highsmith, dau of Thomas Highsmith. A deed made July 2, 1841 in Robertson County, Tennessee (Deed Book 3) transferring land from Ovil Row to his children, names Mary Ann Harris as one of these five children. The others were three sisters, Mariah who married Robert Henry Newton, Hester Ann who married D. D. Hendricks, and Rachel; and one brother, John L. who married Eliza Ann Harris. Eliza Ann was a daughter of F. Y. E. Harris’ brother Rev. Thomas Highsmith Harris and his wife Martha Skiles’ (B. T. Shannon). Jane Perry, b. c. 1798, m. William Pyrant Easley, son of Millington Easley, son of John Easley: Goochland Co., VA, Order Book 6, 1744-1749, p. 492. September Court 1748, ‘Joel Chandler Junr. is appointed Guardian to Judith, Samuel, John, William, Robert, and Millington Easley Orphans of John Easley Deceased who accepts the Charge. James Barnes Gent. and Bartholomew Stovall securities’. Joseph Y. Perry, m. Anna … Minerva Perry, m. a son of Thomas Woodard and Winnifred House.

Returning to:

1. Benjamin Perry, d. March 1788, Berkley, Perquimans, m. Susan Walton.
1.1. Ezekiel Perry, m. Sarah Eason.
1.1.1. Abner Perry, m. Peggy Burns. Andrew T. Perry, b. Aug. 6, 1793, m. Matida Jones, dau. of Andrew Jones, the son of Joseph Jones and Sarah Skinner, the son of John Jones* [Will 1736 Bertie Co.] and wife Martha Carter.* Andrew Jones m. Sarah Moore 1778– 1851, dau of James Moore Esq., and granddau of Arthur Cotten. He brought his family to Butler County from North Carolina in 1818-1819. Little’s History of Butler County (1885) states: ‘In the fall and winter of 1817… a good many emigrants stopped in this county, near Fort Dale, and on the head of Cedar Creek… Among them were the families of … Colonel A. T. Perry… and Andrew Jones’. The settlers included ‘the families of Dunklins, Herberts … Joneses’.

Andrew Jones d. in 1822, and was buried in the Fort Dale Cemetery, with the inscription: ‘Sacred to the memory of Andrew Jones, who was born in North Carolina in the year 1777, and emigrated to Alabama in 1819 and died in 1822, aged 46 years’. His wife’s headstone reads: ‘Sacred to the memory of Sarah Jones, consort of Andrew Jones, who was born in North Carolina, emigrated to Alabama in 1819, and died Oct. 26th, 1851, aged about 73 years’.

*Dau. of Thomas Carter, of Isle of Wight County; Will proved April 10, 1710, who m. (1673) Magdalen Moore, dau. of George Moore, who by deed of Aug. 11, 1673, did in consideration of marriage, convey to said Thomas and Magdalen 400 acres, part of 1400 acres in Blackwater Swamp, pat. May 5, 1669 … now they confirm to said Geo. Carter 200 of said 400 acres. Dec. 30, 1700. Wit. Wm Brown, Saml. Griffin’.

*John Jones was John Jones Jr., son of Thomas Jones (‘Thomas Jones March 5, 1711 423 acres on Bear swamp in Chowan precinct’); Will, dated Jan. 11, 1712, grants to son ‘Thos. Jones – 500 acres where I now live after the decease of my wife Elizabeth; 3 cows & calves with the female increase until age 14. Son John Jones – 400 acres called Newfound Landing … Son-in-law Luke Haman – 420 acres on Great Swamp joining John Lewerton (formerly Epharim Lewerton’s & in the possession of Jno. Jones). Wife Elizabeth – rest of my estate for life & then to the 3 boys Thomas Jones, John Jones, & Luke Haman. Ex. wife, Elizabeth, brother, William Jones’. Wit: David Henderson, John Holebrook.

The Will of John Jones Sr., March 17, 1735, May Ct. of Bertie Precinct, 1736, names ‘son James … son Frederick – my land only reserving 1/3 as dower for my wife Martha; also … my daughter Anne Cotten … daughter Prudence Williams … grandson Abraham Jones … Grandson John Jones … to my sons Joseph & John Jones, my daughter Ann Cotten, my granddaughter Mary Bonner. Trustees of my will: John Brown, John Battle, William Mears. Other legacies. Ex. son John Jones. Wit: P Hanford, James Douglas’.

copyright m stanhope 2016



A Parker family of Virginia originated in Odiham, Southampton, England. The notion of ‘continuation of association’ is perfectly exampled when, between 1412 and 1419, Roger Gunter, John Turgys, William Apsle, and Thomas Parker witness the same deeds (para. vi.), and, in 1664, Robert Parker, Thomas Gunter, and John Apsley are named under the terms of William Rishton’s Will. The Gunters, Apsleys and Parkers of the latter period were direct descendants of those of the former. A member of the Turgys family was instrumental in the establishment of the Parkers in Bosham, Sussex. They all lived within a few miles of each other in what could be termed the ‘Lodesworthe Triangle’, an area in West Sussex which was formerly in Hampshire, with its southernmost extremity being a part of the Odiham estate. (The Gunters were not Welsh per se; a son of Roger Gunter, as follows, married a Welsh heiress, a branch of the Gunters being established in Wales).

‘Continuation of association’ was the force behind medieval marriage arrangements. It stipulated that marriages would be arranged within groups of families which formed a kinship network. Inhertitance was passed down lines of cousins. One of my first archive studies of a medieval kinship network showed the same families witnessing deeds between 1170 and 1670. Those whose names appeared directly after each other in deeds were almost invariably closely related, being father and son-in-law, brothers-in-law; cousins and nephews through blood or marriage. It is certain that the early Apsley, Parker, and Gunter families were thus related, see para. vi.

An important point is that stems of a family, derived, say, from two brothers, did not become more ‘distant’ with each generation, for the intermarriages of countless, unrecorded cousins – younger brothers, and sisters of the family heir – reinforced family connections, as did the fact that stems of a family tended to marry into the same families within their broader kinship network. Thus, when Nicholas Rishton married Margaret Radcliffe, he was not marrying, in one sense, a very distant relation of Robert Radcliffe, earl of Sussex, whose relict remarried the lord of the manor of Almodington, Sussex. The various branches of the Radcliffes intermarried with the same families, see paras xx.-xv. .

Overlapping ties of kinship were those of lordship. Families, as tenants of more powerful ones, had opportunities to intermarry with other of their lord’s tenants. In this regard, the powerful families of Arundel, Davenport, Radcliffe, and Trafford were the conduits through which their Cheshire and Lancashire tenants intermarried with their Sussex counterparts.

An important aspect of the colonisation of Virginia was the part played by English kinship groups, which continued to promote marriages within their ‘circle’. Colonisation by a certain class of settler – of minor tenant or tradesman family – was a collaborative enterprise. Failure to grasp this makes many American genealogies highly suspect.

In these notes, I have disregarded accepted notions of the Radcliffe and Barlow pedigrees, the former only being slightly less credible than the latter, which was ‘constructed’ on the notion that William Barlow, Bishop of Chichester, born 1499, was the same as his namesake, who was a prior of Augustinian canons in Essex in 1509. The pedigree is a nonesense. I have consulted original deeds to offer one that I believe to be credible, underpinned by examples of ‘continuation of association’ that lend authority.

The Rishtons of Almodington came into the circle of such families as Andrewe, Bartlot, Burrey, Carpenter, Gunter, More, Mylle, and Vaux, see paras. vii.-ix, thus, two kinship groups became connected, which explains the marriage of George Parker and Abigail Barlow.

These notes are of a type I use to determine associations – given without embellishment, and with bold print depicting such associations; a type I would return to in order to make more intelligible and interesting. The royal horse stud at Odiham is of personal interest, as are links to the Talbots of Bashall and their Stanhope connection; and the everyday lives of ancestors should be given substance, so as not to depict them as a cog in a dry account of who begat who.


i. The first four generations of this Parker family where associated with the royal manor of Odiham, the park of which was the site a royal hunting lodge, which was opposite a deer ‘chase’, or hunting course. The park also housed a royal stud of horses. There were many people associated with Odiham styled ‘le Parker’, ranging from the lords of Odiham castle, to the various grades of ‘parker’ they employed. This account is of a specific family of ‘chief parkers’, directly responsible to their lord for the upkeep of Odiham park, who would have been in charge of degrees of ‘under parkers’. This family were of a middle rank, wealthy enough to own and donate land to Winchester Cathedral. From early times, they were at least connected to the Vaux family of Odiham in a tenurial sense.

ii. Robert le Parker, alias Dobbes, a pet form of Robert, donated land in Warnburgh (1 mile from Odiham, Southampton) to Winchester Cathedral. The manor of South Warnborough … ‘Alan, Maurice, and Guy de Craon held the manor in succession. Petronilla, daughter and heiress of the last-named Guy, was first married to William de Longchamp, secondly to Henry de Mara, and thirdly to Oliver de Vaux, and held the manor jointly with her respective husbands until her death in 1280' (Parishes: South Warnborough, A History of the County of Hampshire: vol. 3 (1908), pp. 378-382). In 1235, Robert was excused a rent of 20s. which he had been accustomed to pay for land in Odiham, because 20 acres of his meadow had been taken by King John for building Odiham Castle, and his mills had been burnt by that king. In rentals of the manor of Odiham, in the reigns of Edward I and Edward III., William Parker is returned as holding half a hide of land and the site of a mill (Parishes: Odiham, A History of the County of Hampshire: vol. 4 (1911), pp. 87-98). 2. Matthew de Odiham, alias le Parker. 3. William de Odiham, alias le Parker. 1292: Grant, for life, to William son of Matthew de Odiham, of the custody of the park of Odiham, after the death of Robert le Parker his grandfather, the present keeper, upon the same terms. 4. Gerard le Parker, fl. 1358, also donated land in Warnburgh to Winchester Cathedral. The manor of Parkers or Gerrards: The manor may have originated in land at Odiham held in the 13th century by Robert the Parker. Lease, Sept. 14, 1358: Nicholas atte Ok’ to Thomas le Bedel of Odiham. A plot of pasture at ‘le Berlondes’ (in Odiham), lying next to the pasture which Henry Touneworth holds of Nicholas. For a term of 11 years. The lease is made for an unspecified sum of money. Given at Odiham (Hampshire). Witnesses: William Fremesworth, John Atte Assh, Gerard Parker, Richard Averyll, Robert de Eston.

iii. The ‘Parkers’, as Dobbes, were associated with the manor of Rye in Odiham, which was later held by Anthony More. The manor, as a messuage and a carucate of land called la Rye, was held in 1377 by William Dobbes of Eleanor Fremelesworth, for his life. Eleanor died in 1392, and part of her estate at Odiham, apparently la Rye, passed to her granddau., Joan, dau. of John Fremelesworth, wife of John Grant. Anthony Moore died in 1583, holding the manor in right of Alice his wife. In 1596, his son Richard Moore granted the manor to John Osborne and Anne his wife, a natural sister of Richard. John Osborn was the son of Peter Osborne – 1579: Licence for Peter Osborne, Robert Creswell and Nicholas Yonge to alienate the manor of Polling and lands in Odiham, Polling, Murrell and Elvetham, Hampshire, to Francis Blythe and Thomas Vaus to the use of Nicholas and his heirs.

iv. Anthony More also held the manor of Polhampton in Overton. In 1553, William Somer died seised of a portion of the manor, leaving as his heirs Alice wife of Anthony More and dau. of Thomas Hill, son of Robert Hill and Christine his wife, the dau. of Richard Savage and Joan. The manorial rights and the greater part of the manor however, to which was subsequently given the name of the manor of Polhampton, seem to have passed to Christine the dau. and heir of Richard Savage and Joan who married (1) Robert Hill and (2) Richard Vaus. She left issue by her first husband, but she evidently settled the manor upon her second husband on her marriage with him, and it consequently passed on his death to Nicholas Vaus, probably his son, who acquired the whole of Robert Frith’s property in Polhampton and Overton in 1556. Nicholas Vaus died seised of the manor of Polhampton in 1560, leaving a son and heir Robert Vaus to whom Henry Smith and Elizabeth his wife quitclaimed their portion of the manor in 1564. Robert died in 1609, leaving a son and heir Richard Vaus, to whom some eighteen years before he had granted a ninety-nine years’ lease of the manor in return for an annual payment of forty couple of rabbits between the months of September and March. Richard Vaus dealt with the manor by fine in 1616, and again in 1618.

v. 5. John le Parker. The manor of Sherfield upon Loddon is not mentioned under that name in the Domesday Survey, as it formed at that time part of the royal manor of Odiham. Grant, Aug. 12, 1367: By John, son and heir of William Cardon of Westschirbourn to Thomas Kay of Westschirbourn of all his lands in Schirbourn. Witnesses: John atte Moure, Richard Zerdere, John Lhude, John le Parker, John le Coupere and others. Overton: Appointment of attorney. Deed, January 16, 1395: By John Parker of Polhampton to William Hayward to deliver seisin to John le Hore of Suthampton near Overton of his lands in Polhampton and Overton. From: Henry le Chapman, son and heir of William le Chapman of ‘la Rye’ To: Nicholas de Quercu; Agnes, wife of Nicholas de Quercu 1 acre of land lying in a field called ‘Burghlinche’ [in or near Odiham] between Nicholas’s land and the land of Martin Dudeman, and between the land which Stephen de Fraxino held and the land of Robert atte Forde. For this Nicholas and Agnes have paid 20s. Late 13th. cent. Witnesses: Robert de la Rye; Robert de la Trouwe; John Colotre; John le Parker; Robert atte Hole; John Hervy; John de Eston. Endorsed ‘carta Odyham’.

vi. 6. Thomas Parker. 7. John Parker. Petworth Estate Deeds, Lodesworthe, March 26, 1412: Grant by Richard Ryndhurst and Margery his wife to Nicholas Faryndone, John atte Felde and William Chyngeford, their heirs and assigns, of all land called Snapelond in Sulham parish. Witnesses: William Taillard, John Strode, William Apsley, Thomas Parker, Robert Rammesfold. Lodesworth, Dec. 20, 1413. ‘Grant by Thomas Porter and Juliana his wife to William atte Felde, Robert Suge, Robert Howyk and William Porter, their heirs and assigns, of all land called Snapelond in Sulham parish. Witnesses: William Taylard, Roger Gunter, John Strode, Robert Rodom, Thomas Porter’. North Chapell, Oct. 28, 1419: Quitclaim by John, son of Thomas Parker to his father Thomas of all right in land in Petworthe and Ludgareshale which John recently acquired from Edith Breyche, and which formerly belonged to Roger Webbe of Fynyng Witnesses: Roger Gunter, John Turgys, William Apsle, Thomas Lucas, John atte Grene. 8. Thomas Parker. Grant, June 18, 1477. ‘By (a) Robert Whyte, citizen of Chichester, to (b) Mr. John Waynflete, Dean, and the Chapter of Chichester … Witnesses: Robert More, mayor of Chichester, Thomas Cresweller, Thomas Parker.

vii. Deed of exchange between (a) Andrew Dautre, lord of the manor of Aldsworth in Westbourne and (b) John Gunter, esq. April 9, 1439. I Parcel of the manor of Aldsworth, namely all those lands, tenements, meadows, pastures, feedings, rents and services lying within a certain hedge on the D. of a lane leading from the church of Racton. Witnesses: Robert Chamberlayne, prior of Boxgrove, Edmund Mile, Richard Dammer, Giles Gunter. … At Up Waltham: Grant by (a) Thomas Benet, clerk, and Nicholas Forster, to (b) William Ochurst of Chichester, John Bartelot, jun., and Nicholas Baldewyne, clerk. Grant, April 1, 1426. All lands, tenements, rents and services, with the advowsons of the churches of Fletching and Up Waltham, which (a) lately had by the gift and feoffment of Alice, wife of John Dawtrey, John Dawtrey, her eldest son, and Joan, his wife, in Petworth, Tolyton Tillington, Sutton Barlavington, Coates, Fittleworth, Alfold co. Surrey, Kirdford, Easebourne, Ludegareshale, Graffham, Suleham Selham, Lodsworth, Bodeketon Burton, Up Waltham, Fletching, Estbourne Eastbourne, (East) Harting and Elsted. Witnesses: Robert Gunter, William Ernele, John Lehe, John Bartelot of Stopham, William Walton.

viii. Grant by (a) John Stanney, Humphrey Sydney, William Skardevyle and William George of Sidlesham, feoffees by the will of John Bartelot, dec’d., son and heir of Edward Bartelot, of all his lands and tenements called Redelonds in the hundred del’ Manwode Manhood, to (b) Joan Mompesson, wife of William Mompesson and lately wife of Edward Bartelot. Grant, January 10, 1502. Lands, tenements, meadows, feedings and pastures, called Redelondes, in West Wittering and Itchenor in the hundred del’ Manwode Manhood, which John Myll now holds to farm, granted by the said John Bartelot to (a), 26 April 1501. (a) Grants to (b) in execution of the Will of the said John Bartelot.

ix. Concord, 27 Feb., 1539. (i) Richard Andrewes, Richard Parsons, Richard Vaux, Richard Walwyn, Maurice Smarte and Henry Milam, querents (ii) John More, deforciant. Final concord for messuages, lands and rents in Sherfeld super Loodon. Terrier of lands and tenements in the common fields and elsewhere, freehold as well as copyhold, in Tangmere, Dec. 24, 1547. Belonging to the heirs of Edmund Lewkenor, taken by Richard Stoughton, William Marckwyke, John Barnard, Nicholas Andrewe, Roger Barnard, John Bennet and William Barneham, copyholders, in the presence of William Stapleton, Edward Bartlot, John Carpenter and Thomas Bett. Crown Grant (Letters Patent) in fee for £100 to the Mayor and Citizens of Chichester, May 14, 1549. John Michell and Hugh Carpenter; two tenements in ‘le Vynetre’ of Chichester, now or late in the several tenures or occupations of Roger Bennett and John Castleman; tenement in the East Street in front of part of a barn lying in the West Lane, now or late in the tenure or occupation of Richard Burrey. Lease for 60 years by Margarett Vaus of Odiham (widow) to John Porter of Long Sutton, yeoman, Dec. 19, 1613. In consideration of £100 paid by John Rivers the elder of Hilside, Odiham, yeoman, to Richard Vaus (son of MV). Final Concord, 1530. (i) Philip Fetyplace esq., John Fetyplace gent., John Wynchecomb, Maurice Smerle, Thomas Benet and Edward Sharpe, querents. (ii) John More and Elizabeth his wife deforciants … for 3 messuages, lands and rents in Shyrfeld super Lodon and Rotherwyke.

x. 9. William Parker. Quit-claim, Mar. 30, 1509. By Joan Tovy, widow, late the wife of John Tovy of Battle, daughter and heir of Agnes, daughter and heir of Thomas Hokestepe sometime of Battle, to Edmond Gunter, gent., Nicholas Morant and Henry Mylle of and in a messuage with garden adjoining in Battle in the Middle Borough between the tenement of William Parker, E. and the tenement of the said Henry Mylle….. the high street there. 10. George Parker. There is a reasonable possibility that he married a sister of Thomas Carpenter, M.P. Chichester, 1547, b. by 1520, o.s. of Philip Carpenter of Mundham. educ. Magdalen, Oxf., BA 1534. m. 1546/50, Agnes, prob. da. of Sir William Shelley of London and Michelgrove, Suss., s.p. suc. fa. 1519 or later. Gent., household of William Fitz Alan, 11th Earl of Arundel by 1539; steward (surveyor), Suss. lands of Henry Fitz Alan, 19th Earl of Arundel, 1545/46; J.P. Suss. 1547-54; commr. sewers 1554-5. Thomas Carpenter’s father was sometime under-steward of Burton abbey lands in Sussex and the lessee of several manors in the vicinity of Chichester from the cathedral chapter. He made his Will July 27, 1565. After several charitable bequests, he gave his wife all his household goods, plate and jewels with the stock of his farms and the lease of Kingsham manor. He left five marks for a dinner for the burgesses of Chichester and remembered many of his friends there and in the neighbourhood, including Lawrence Ardren.* He appointed William Devenish, William Stapleton and William Porter his overseers. *He was an associate of the Trafford and Davenport families, who were legal guardians of his heir, sharing these close links with the Barlow family, as follows; born by 1523, s. of George Ardren of Chester, Cheshire. m. (1) by 1544, Margaret, stepda. of John Lewen of Suss.; (2) Agnes Newton; great-niece of James Barlow, as follows. 11. John Parker. Will, proved Sept. 14, 1612. ‘Item I give to the Cathedral of Winchester 12 shillings … Item I give to five poor men of the town of Winchester the sum of five shillings to be paid Good Friday in the year out of my messuages in the Parish of All Saints within the town of Southampton in the tenure of John Sutton (tenant) … Item I give in Remembrance to my cousin Margerie Carpenter six shillings eight pence’. 12. George Parker. He m. Abigail Barlow, descendant of James Barlow, beforementioned, October 13, 1619, in St. Andrews Church, Southampton, dau. of Edward Barlowe and Joan Rishton. (The family of Gunter already held in Racton by 1327, when Roger Gunter contributed to the subsidy there. In 1511, Racton is referred to as a manor at the death of John Gunter (of Chilworth, Surrey; it was held of Thomas, Earl of Arundel. Under a settlement made in 1503 it was held for life by John’s widow Margaret and then passed to a member of the Welsh branch of the family, part held of Henry, Earl of Arundel, who held Almodington, as of his manor of Stansted, the main portion with all the arable held of William Dawtrey as of his manor of Aldsworth. (Racton’, A History of the County of Sussex: vol. 4: The Rape of Chichester (1953), pp. 113-118).

xi. 13. John Parker. Bosham: Bargain & Sale, Feb. 22, 1588. By Thomas Turges mercer, of Chichester, to William Colnett of Comblie in the Isle of Wight, gent., for £500, of lands called Broadfields containing 27 ac.; Glanfields, 15 ac.; Medelands, 5 ac., all in Bosham, sometime in the several tenures of William Hoskins, Edward Willington, William Hildroppe and Anthonye Wakeforde and all other the lands &c. of the said Thos. Turges in Bosham, Ovinge and Ewell alias Fyshburne co. Sussex, which he purchased of Nicholas Yonge of Odyham co. Southants, gent … Signature of Thomas Turgys. Witnesses:- Richard Keare, John Porter, Wm. Wright. Depositions of witnesses ex parte Thomas Turgis and others, complainants, against Henry, Earl of Northumberland, taken at Petworth before the Commission appointed by Chancery, March 29, 1592. Being the deposition of Hugh Marchall of Storrington, husb., John Aylwyn of Tillington, husb.; Richard Cooper als. Steninge of Lurgashall, yeo.; Bartholomew Stente of Northchapel, husb.; Francis Hunt of Petworth, gent.; John Osborne of Northchapel, wareburner. With the interrogatories administered to the witnesses. A Southampton Probate and Inventory entry for 1571: John Cooper late of Southampton merchant estate praysed by John Manfield, Henry Riston* (Rishton), John Piece (Pierce) and John Parker. John Parker’s Will stating: ‘Item to my sister Margorie Pike and Margaret Peirce to each twelve shillings and four pence a piece and to each of them one of my gowns apiece’. *Very likely of the Rishtons of Almodington.

xii. 14. Robert Parker. Conveyances of land under the Will of William Rishton, March 20, 1664. (a) Robert Anderson of Chichester, esq., Thomas Gunter of Racton, gent., Richard Rishton of Elsted, gent., brother and heir of William Rishton of Almodington in Earnley, gent (b) Mary Rishton of Chichester, widow (c) John Apsley the younger of Petworth, gent (d) William Lelam of London, cordwainer (e) Thomas Palmer of Harting, esq., Richard Mill of Greatham, gent., Robert Parker of Bosham, gent. Capital messuage, brewhouse, dovehouse, malthouse, barns, stables, granaries and outhouses, with Warrenfield (3a.), Hempners (18a.), Ides Marsh (7a.), the Eighteen Acres (12a.), Hempners Star (9a.), Bounfers Mead (5a.), northern part of the Great Marsh (14a.), Gubbets Wood (7a.), messuage, barn, millhouse, outhouses, stables, orchards, and gardens, with 25a. of land, called Gubbets, land [name indecipherable] (3a.), Jelleys Croft (13a.), Wood Field (16a.), Jelleys Coppice and Priests Coppice (5a.), Mallowes or the Teazell Field (4a.), Berryfield and the Packers (10a.), Blacknakers Field (15a.), the Yards and the Little Yards (13a.), the Feavers (15a.), the Old Field (17a.), the Horse Croft (20a.), the Parke, adjoining Earnley Farm (10a.), all in Earnley and Almodington, and in the occupations of Michael Braman and John Warner Recites: Jan. 10, 1658, Will of William Rishton Witnesses: Elizabeth Bickley, John Peachey, Richard Peachey, Stephen Humfrey, William Torles, William Baldwin, Anthony Hilton.

xiii. Robert Parker. Deed poll of quitclaim, July 17, 1667. By (a) Richard Abar alias Albury of Alton, Hants., yeo. to (b) William Lelam, Mary Rishton of Chichester, widow of William, Robert Anderson of Chichester, esq., Thomas Gunter of Racton, gent., John Apsley the younger of Petworth, gent., Richard Rishton of Elsted, gent., Thomas Palmer of Harting, esq., Richard Mill of Greatham, gent., Robert Parker of Bosham, gent. A sum of £50 under the Will of William Rishton of Almodington, gent., and any right or interest in any properties which were his in Earnley or elsewhere in Sussex Witnesses: Edward Perle, Henry Wedge, Joan Randall.

xiv. Robert Parker of Bosham was the son of George Parker, son of John Parker. Bosham Parish Register: ‘Robert Parker sonn of George, baptised ye 13th of December 1621 att St Laurence Church in Southampton. Jane Baxter borne att Meadhurst (West Sussex) ye 16th of maye 1631 married to Robt Parker the 3 daye of Jully 1650 & happening to be of the Kings partie (Civil War) was forsed to fflie, that yeere went into Virginia in regard of the warr & lived thear 8 yeeres with his wife, returned 1658. Robert made a Will probated Aug. 4, 1673 … ‘to eight poor men eight pence apiece in Parish of Bosham. My grandfather John Parker did give 3s 4d to St. Laurence in Southampton ever out of demise in tenure of Mr. Peter Clark where he and my father both lye buryed, to be further continued as it hath been before’. In one sense, the Parker family never left the vicinity of Southampton, in Hampshire, where they resided at Odiham; it was a case of them also being established slightly further afield, such as in Chichester, Sussex, situated 27 miles from Southampton.

xv. Wylliam Tyle, b. Sussex, c. 1500, was probably the father of ‘Robartt Tylls’, who m. (Sept. 15, 1552, in Rye) Als Rods, father of William Tyll, who m. (Nov. 14, 1594, All Saints, Chichester), Mary Tayler, dau. of Richard Tayler and Katherine Rishton, dau. of Robert Rishton, obit. 1623, and Susan, dau. of Alan Cooke of Westburton (i.e. West Burton in Bury). ‘Alan Cooke of Bury, gent., & Katherine Knight of Bersted: surety, Thomas Knight of Shripney’, her father, who m. Katherine Butterwick, who was named in her father’s Will, and was Executrix of her mother’s Will, dau. of Christopher Butterwick, of Bury, Sussex, and Katherine Mascall, whose Will was dated Aug. 3, 1557, and mentions Jane, dau. of cousin Thomas Lewknor (an overseer), and Mr. Richard Lewknor of Buxted (PCC: 73 Noodes). Katherine Mascall was named in the Will of her grandfather Richard Mascall, prob. Oct. 22, 1589 (PCC: 76 Leicester), son of Walter Mascall, of Rye, Will prob. Aug. 27, 1522 (PCC: 27 Maynwarying), son of Richard Mascall, Jr. (fined for 1/4 of the manor of Worth and tenements in Horsted Parva, Framfield and Isfield), alias Richard Michelborne, son of Richard Mascall, Sr., of East Mascalls, Lindfield, Sussex, and Margaret Payne.

xvi. Thomas Cooke of Wickham and Ellinor Barford had issue: 1. John Cooke, who twice served as Sheriff of Sussex, 1493-4 and 1498. His only dau and heiress, Elizabeth, brought the manor of Rustington West Court in marriage dowry to her husband, John Covert of Sullington. Against the south wall of the south chapel of Slaugham church is a large stone monument to Richard Covert. It has three shields of arms of Covert impaling quarterly 1 and 4 a cross for Bohun, 2 and 3, two crescents and a sinister quarter with a bird therein, intended for Cooke. 2. Richard Cooke of Rushington, ancestor of the Cookes of Westburton.

xvii. 1642. Journals of the House of Commons. ‘Ordered, that Sir William Morley, Sir Thomas Bowyer (member for Bram- ber), and Mr. May, and T. Leeds (member for Steyning)., are disabled from sitting in parliament; and that Sir John Morley, Sir Edward Byshop, Robert Anderson (counsellor at law), Nicholas Woolfe, Francis Shallet, Thomas Gunter, John Apsley, … Rishton, Francis Drury, George Gunter, and Edward Osborne, should be forthwith sent for, as delinquents’.


xviii. 1. Henry Rishton, m. Margaret, grandau. of Henry de Clayton: Henry was last of the Claytons of Clayton-le-Moors, having no male issue, and at his death, in 1361, the estate went to two daus., Cecily and Alice, joint heiresses. Cecily, the elder, m. a member of the Grimshaws of Grimshaw. The St. George visitation records Adam Grimshaw, of Grimshaw (temp. Edward III.) m. Cecily, dau. and heir of Henry Clayton of Clayton-super-Mores, Co. Lancaster. Alice m. De Legh; it was her dau. Margaret who m. Henry de Rishton, and conveyed the mother’s share of the manor to the Rishton family. The following is an abstract of a title deed to a record concerning these alliances in the Harlean MSS: ‘Indenture between Henry Grimshaw and Cecily, daughter, and one of the heirs of Henry-de-Clayton, super-Mores upon the one hand, and Henry de Rishton, and Margaret, his wife, grand-daughter, and another of the heirs of the foresaid Henry-de-Clayton, 40th year Edward III, 1366. Witnessed by Henry de Shuttleworth, Richard de Rishton, Henry de Standen, Richard de Rishton, the younger’. 2. Richard Rishton. 3. Henry Rishton, of Dunkenhalgh, fl. 1471, m. Agnes, dau. of Richard Sherborne, of Stonyhurst, fl. 1471. 4. Nicholas Rishton, b. post 1454, obit. May 3, 1508, m. Margaret, dau. of John Radcliffe. According to the inquisition post mortem following the death of John Radcliffe in 1485, he at that time held the manors of Radcliffe, Oswaldtwistle, and a quarter part of Culcheth [Peasfurlong]. William Langton, ed., ‘Abstracts of Inquisitions Post Mortem,’ printed by the Chetham Society in its Remains Historical and Literary Lancaster and Chester, vol. 91 (1876) pp. 120-122. Peasfurlong had descended regularly to John through generations of his ancestors (VCH Lancaster 4, pp. 159-160). His heir was Richard Ratcliffe, esq. who in the 15 Hen. VII. [1499-1500] settled his estates upon his brothers John and Roger and their male issue; remainder over to Robert, son of John Baron Fitzwalter, and his heirs; remainder to Thomas Radcliffe, lord of the manor of Framesdon, in the county of Suffolk, &c. John died without issue; and Roger left another John, who died a minor, 8 or 9 Hen. VIII. [1516 to 18], whereupon the jurors find that Robert son of John Baron Fitzwalter, aged thirty years, is cousin and next heir of John Ratcliffe deceased. Thus the manors of Ratcliffe and Oswaldtwisle became vested in this noble family. Again, by inquisition of lands in Sharpies, taken after the death of Thomas Ratcliffe of Framesdon, it was found that he was son of Sir Geoffrey, son of Henry, oldest son of James Radcliffe of Framesdon, which James had another son John, who had a son John Radcliffe, knight, who married Elizabeth dau. and heiress of Walter Lord FitzWalter. In the next place, this Robert, now becomes Earl of Sussex, and knight of the garter, by will dated 34 Hen. VIII. [1542-3] devised the manor of Oswaldtwisle to Henry Northey, his servant, for the term of fifty years, in trust, for the payment of certain legacies, reversion to Henry his son; and this Henry, then Earl of Sussex, anno 3 Edw. VI. [1549] bargained and sold the reversion to Andrew Barton, of Smethells, esq. Robert, Earl of Sussex, m. 2. by 1 September 1532, Margaret Stanley, the only dau. of Thomas Stanley, 2nd Earl of Derby, and Anne Hastings, the dau. of Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings, by whom he had two daus., inc. Jane Radcliffe, who m. Anthony Browne, 1st Viscount Montague, the eldest son of Sir Anthony Browne (d. 1548) and Alys his wife, dau. of Sir John Gage. He succeeded his father in 1548, inheriting with other property the estates of Battle Abbey and Cowdray in Sussex. He was M.P. for Guildford, 1542 and 1547, Petersfield, 1553. Robert Radcliffe’s grandsons were Thomas, who m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, and Henry, captain of Portsmouth in May 1557, and its M.P. in 1572.

xix. 5. Richard Rishton, b. 1484, obit. April 30, 1530, m. Anne, dau. of Sir John Talbot. 6a. Henry Rishton. 6b. William Rishton. 7b. William Rishton, gent, of Almodington, near Chichester (arms: a lion passant sable), m. Emma Tyll, dau. of Robert Tyll of Almodington. William died April 25, 1583, after which Emma m. Jasper Gunter of Chichester. William’s I.P.M.: ‘Before the said William Rysheton had any interest in the premisses of Almodingeton the most noble Henry late Earl of Arundell* was seised thereof, and being so seised, by indenture of 15 June 4th and 5th Philip and Mary [1558] he demised the premisses called the demeasnes or farme of Almodington to Robert Tyll father of Emma late the wife of the said William for a term of 50 years from Michaelmas then next following, and Robert Tyll being so seised by his will bequeathed the said lease to the said Emma and afterwards died and Emma being so seised married the said William …’ *Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, whose second wife was Mary, dau. of Sir John Arundell of a prominent Cornish family, and widow of Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex, whose family were William Rishton’s kin. To repeat: 1571. John Cooper late of Southampton merchant estate praysed by John Manfield, Henry Riston (Rishton), John Piece and John Parker. 9b. Robert Rishton of Almodington. His Will made Jan. 13, 1623 names his sister Joan Barlow, widow of Edward Barlow.

xx. Quitclaim, Nov. 25, 1561: Sir John Atherton of Atherton, and William Rissheton of Barnardes Inn in Holborne, gent. to George Dyamond of London, clothworker … properties of John Bolde seized on plea of £200 debt by Edward Johns of London, merchant tailor. … Sir William Atherton, knight; born 1381; died 1416; his wife was Agnes, sole dau. and heiress of Ralphe Vernon, Baron of Shipbroke. Their third child, Sir William Atherton, m., first, Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Pilkinton;* by her had Margaret and Sir William Atherton, who m. Margaret, dau. of Sir John Byron, knight, and died in 1441. Among their children was John Atherton, whose son George, born 1487, by first wife, Anne Ashton, had Sir John Atherton, born 1514; died 1513; m., first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Alexander Ratcliffe. This marriage was recorded in the Visitation of 1533, where the arms were also entered. *Thus, descendants kin of the Arderne, Bradshaw, Standish, and Gerard families. … Richard de Hulton (a family much connected with the Blackburns alias Rishtons) m. Margery, dau. of Robert de Radclive, of Radclyffe Tower; and hence probably the connection of the Radcliffes with Ordsall. This Richard Hulton’s grandson and namesake was lord of Ordsall and Flixton, 4 Edward III., 1330-31. In the pedigree of Hulton of Hulton, we find no Ranulph or Randle, who it seems held Ordsall prior to 1311; that is, sixty years after David de Hulton had it granted to him, and twenty years prior to this last Richard de Hulton holding it as lord of the manor. Nor can we reconcile this holding by the Hultons with the alleged possession of the manor of Ordsall or Urdsale, by Richard son of John de Radcliffe about 1311. From that period, however, it seems to have been vested in the Radcliffes; for the natural son of this Richard was called Robert Radcliffe, ‘de Ordsall’ (i.e. br. of William de Radcliffe, who m. Margaret, dau. of Adam de Hindley, given in the pedigree herein detailed), and was the first of his name taking this local appellative. He was high sheriff of Lancashire 14 Edward III, [1340-41]. Sir John Radcliffe, de Ordsall, was a knight of the shire in the same year, aud died 32 Edward, 1358-59. He may be regarded as the progenitor of the Radcliffes of Ordsall. His eldest son, John Radcliffe, de Ordsall, dying without issue, the second son, Richard, succeeded; he was steward of Blakeburnshire 28-49 Edward III.,1354-75; he had livery of his manor of Ordsall in the first year of John, Duke of Lancaster, 1361, and was drowned in Rossendale Water 4 Richard II.,1380-81. He was succeeded by his son and heir, Sir John Radcliffe, who was aged 24 years on the death of his father, and who died 9 Henry V., 1421-22. His eldest son and namesake succeeded him, and died about 20 Henry VI., 1441-43. To him succeeded his eldest son, Alexander Radclyffe of Ordshall, ancestor of the Radcliffes of Ordsall, Foxdenton, London, Hitchen, and others. He died i0th July, 15 Edward IV., 1476. His eldest son and successor was William Radcliffe, of Ordsall, who died 13th Henry VII., 1497-98. His son John died before him, 12 Henry VII., 1496-97, leaving a son and heir in the person of Sir Alexander Radcliffe, of Ordsall, who died 3 Edward VI., 1549-50. He was sheriff of the county 1 Edward VI., 1547-48. William Radclyffe, eldest son and heir of Sir Alexander, obit. 1476, was born at Ordsall in 1435. He m. Jane, youngest dau. of Sir Edmund Trafford by his wife, Alice, dau. and co-heir of Sir William Venables of Bollin, thus uniting for the third time the ancient lines of Radclyffe and Trafford. … Acquittance for £80, March 12, 1561: George Dyamond of London, clothworker, to Sir George Stanley — being residue of £160 paid for lands in co. Lancaster late the property of John Bolde, esq.* vis. Lanc. 1. Sir Henry Bold. 1.1. Sir Richard Bold m. Margaret Butler, dau of Sir Thomas Butler, of Bewsey. 1.2.1. *John Bold esq., m. dau. of Sir Richard Atherton, of North Meals. 1.2.2. Dorothy Bold, m. Sir John Holcroft, of Holcroft, cousin of Henry and William Rishton, as herein. 1.2.3. Richard Bold, m. 2. Elizabeth Gerard, dau. of Sir Thomas Gerard of Bryn and Margaret Tafford, dau. of Sir Edmund Trafford. Elizabeth’s br. was Thomas Gerard, whose son and namesake held the office of High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1558. He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Lancashire from 1566 to 1567. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London for plotting on behalf of Mary Queen of Scots, forced to make over his Bromley estate to his kinsman Sir Gilbert Gerard. 1.2.4. Anne Bold, m. Sir Nicholas Butler, of Rawcliff. James Boteler, who m. Elizabeth dau. of Sir Thomas Molyneux of Sefton, died in 1504, leaving two sons John and Nicholas, of whom the former proved his age in 1512. This John Boteler recorded a pedigree in 1533, and died in 1534, leaving by his wife Anne Shireburne four daus. as co-heirs, viz. Elizabeth, who m. James Standish of Duxbury; Isabel, who married Thomas Radcliffe of Winmarleigh, and left a dau. Anne, afterwards wife of Sir Gilbert Gerard; whose sponsor as M.P. for Steyning, Sussex, was the earl of Arundel, lord of Almodington, Sussex, who had m. the relict of Robert Radcliffe, earl of Sussex (whose connection to the Rishtons has been explained herein), Eleanor, who m. Henry Rishton of Rishton (‘Townships: Out Rawcliffe’, A History of the County of Lancaster, v. 7 (1912), pp. 273-276). Henry Rishton’s br. was ‘William Rishton of Barnardes Inn’, beforementioned, whose son was almost certainly William Rishton of Almodington. 1.2.5. Maud Bold, m. Sir Richard Sherborne, of Stoneyhurst.

xxi. The Inquisition Post-Mortem of William Rishton: Died; 25 April 1583. Son and Heir; [ ] Rysheton otherwise Russon; age, 4 years 9 months at the time of this inquisition. Inq: at Chichester. 2 September 25th Elizabeth. Before, Thomas Lewkenor esq. and Edward Myddleton gent. feudary. Jurors; Richard Hobson gent. Thomas Murford gent. John Sckardevile John Compton John Newman John Gonwyn John Bennet William Davye John Call . . . John Newe Robert Cobden John Clarke John Saunder Thomas Easte Thomas Stampe Simon Undershyll John Page. William Rysheton otherwise Russon was seised of 2 barns 60 acres of land 20 acres of pasture 40 acres of wood called the demeasnes or farme of Almodyngeton in Almodinton otherwise Almodyton; and of [ ] messuages 14 acres of land 4 acres of wood called Mallardes Tomharrys Parkers Carters and the Parke in Almoditon; and of 20 acre of land in Eartham.The said tenements in Almodyton are held of the Queen as of her manor of Sydlesham formerly part of the possessions of the Bishop of Chichester by fealty and service of the eighth part of a knight’s fee; and are worth £5. The 20 acres in Eartham are held of John Lumleye, knight, Lord Lumleye as of his manor of Eartham by rent of (blank) but by what other services they do not know; and are worth 20. Before the said William Rysheton had any interest in the premisses of Almodingeton the most noble Henry late Earl of Arundell was seised thereof, and being so seised, by indenture of 15 June 4th and 5th Philip and Mary [1558] he demised the premisses called the demeasnes or farme of Almodington to Robert Tyll father of Emma late the wife of the said William for a term of 50 years from Michaelmas then next following, and Robert Tyll being so seised by his will bequeathed the said lease to the said Emma and afterwards died and Emma being so seised married the said William and William Rysheton, being thus in possession, by deed of 28 November 24th Elizabeth [1582] granted all his state interest and term of years then still to come to Randoll Barlowe (Ralph) to hold from the date of the said deed for the whole term of years; and afterwards the most noble Philip Earl of Arondell and William Dyxe esq. being siesed of all the premises of Almoddington otherwise Almoditon and the other premisses there to the said William Rysheton; and aftewards William died after whose death Randoll Barlowe demised all the premisses to the said Emma to hold during the remainder of the term of 50 years aforesaid, by virtue of which grant the said Emma has received all the issues thereof from the time of the said William’s death to the time of this inquisition and also Emma has occupied all the other premisses in Almodyngeton by virtue of a certain copy granted by the said Henry Earl of Arondell to the said William and Emma as appears by copy of the court rolls made 10 August 18th Elizabeth (A Calendar of Post Mortem Inquisitions relating to the county of Sussex. Sussex Record Society, v. 3. pp. 157-158). With acknowledgement to B. T. Shannon in making the immediate lineage of Ralph Barlow widely known.

xxii. Rishton of Dunkenhalgh pedigree (see Hist.of Whalley, 4th. ed., v. ii, 298) shows a younger br. of Richard Rishton, Henry, and that Richard had sons, Henry and William. Significantly, Richard is shown to have a sister, Agnes, m. to a ‘Mr. Holdcroft/Holcroft’. The Holcrofts were of Holcroft Hall, Culcheth, and may have descended from the Culceths. (To Elizabeth, the second dau. of Gilbert de Culcheth, was assigned Peasfurlong. By her husband, Adam de Peasfurlong, she had two daus., Margery and Beatrice, the former of whom carried this quarter of Culcheth to her husband, William son of Richard de Radcliffe of Radcliffe. It descended regularly in this family until the time of Henry VIII, when on a failure of male issue it passed to a junior branch represented by Robert Radcliffe, Lord FitzWalter,created Earl of Sussex). To repeat: Richard Rishton’s son, Henry, m. Ellen Butler, dau. of John Butler and Anne, dau. of Sir Richard Sherburne. Ellen’s sister, Isabel, m. Thomas Radcliffe of Winmarleigh, another sister, Grace, m. Hugh Anderton, Esq. Thomas Radcliffe and Isabel Butler had issue: Ann Radcliffe (who m. Sir Gilbert Gerard), ward of Sir Thomas Holcroft, Gerard’s uncle, who was of Holcroft Hall, and almost certainly a nephew of the ‘Mr Holcroft’ who m. Agnes Rishton.

xxiii. The Ardernes had long been associated with this kinship group: ‘John Arderne of Roxton, co. Bedford, died in 1392; the heirs in 1445-6 were John Bradshaw of Bradshaw, Edward Charnock, Hugh Bradshaw, and Joan, relict of Nicholas Ainsworth, each of whom held a twelfth part of the manor’ (Blackburnshire Future Roll). William son of Robert de Ainsworth, about the end of the reign of Henry III, granted an oxgang of land here to Roger de Barlow; and added another oxgang, as well as a toft, with houses and meadows belonging thereto; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 171/208. Maud, the sister of William de Ainsworth, released her claim in the 2 oxgangs to the same Roger de Barlow; ibid. … John son of John de Ainsworth and Robert de Pilkington (who had m. the younger John’s dau. Katherine) in 1383 became bound to James de Radcliffe (‘Townships: Ainsworth’, A History of the County of Lancaster: vol. 5 (1911), pp. 180-182).

Sir John de Blackburn, son of Adam de Blackburn (It is probable that this was the Adam son of Henry de Blackburn noticed in the accounts of Clayton-le-Dale and Wiswell), had three co-heirs. Agnes the second dau. in her widowhood passed her third part of the manor of Nether Darwen by fine in 1339 to Thomas de Arderne, son of Robert de Arderne, who had m. Joan the youngest of the three co-heirs. One-third of the manor descended for a few years in the heirs of Alice the eldest of the three co-heirs, who had m. Robert de Shireburne of Aighton, and was living a widow in 1342. Robert de Arderne appears to have been connected with the Ardernes of Rothley, co. Leic., and not with the Cheshire family. He was father of Thomas de Arderne, kt (who) was probably the Thomas de Arderne, kt., of Roxton and Barford (who) died before 1362, and six years later his dau. Joan de Arderne released to her uncle John de Arderne her right in estates in Roxton, co. Beds, and Nether Darwen'(Townships: Lower Darwen’, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 275-278).

xxiv. In 30 Henry III. (1245) Gilbert, son of Henry de Blackburn, had the manor of Ryssheton-juxta-Harwode bestowed upon him by Robert de Praers in free marriage with Margery, sister of the said Robert, when he assumed the name of his estate, and in the “Liber Feodorum” is returned as holding the tenth part of a Knight’s fee in Ruston. His son and heir, Henry, m., in the reign of Edward III., Margaret, a dau. and coheir of the house of Clayton, of Clayton-le-Mores, by whom he had a son, Gilbert, who died 18 Edward I. (1290). The estate descended in direct lineal succession from father to son until the death, without issue, in 1425, of Richard de Rishton, the fifth in descent from Gilbert, who died in 1290, when his younger brother, Roger, was found to be the next heir. This Roger was father of the Richard who inherited the Rishton property.

xxv. In 1349, it was recorded that William de Radcliffe held of the Duke of Lancaster one plough-land in Blackburn for the tenth part of a knight’s fee, the Abbot of Whalley holding the other plough-land in alms. Sir Ralph Radcliffe died in 1406 holding a moiety of the vill of Blackburn of the king. … In 1445–6 his son Sir Ralph Radcliffe held the tenth part of a knight’s fee in Blackburn, and in 1483 Katherine widow of the next Sir Ralph was tenant (‘Townships: Blackburn’, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 244-249).

xxvi. 1. Richard de Radcliffe, held eighth part of a fee in Radcliffe of the Earl of Lancaster Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 314. 1.1. William de Radcliffe, m. Margaret, dau. of Adam de Hindley, whose dower was Peasfurlong. De Banco R. 148, m. 71. Gift, Sept 26, 1350. John de Barton, lord of Fryton (2a) William, (1)’s son (2b) Isabel, daughter of William, son of Robert de Radcliffe and wife of (2a). Premises: All his lands in Meadowcroft, Ainsworth, Birtle, Ashworth and Lynales to (2) and their heirs of the body, saving their service and rents to (1). Remainders: To Thomas and John, brothers of (2a) and their male heirs, reversion to the right heirs of (1). Witnesses: Henry de Trafford, kt, Richard de Radcliffe, Richard de Redich, Adam de Hopwood, John de Holt, Thomas de Strangeways, Robert de Hulme. 1.1.1. Richard de Radcliffe, obit. 1409, Add. MS. 32103, fol. 146. In 1344 it appears that Richard de Radcliffe was the husband of Isabel daughter and co-heir of John son of Michael de Harcla; De Banco R. 340, m. 400. Richard de Radcliffe, Lancs., obit. 1442, Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 94. James Radcliffe, Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 120–2. He died in 1409, holding the manor of Radcliffe, the fourth part of Culcheth, and other lands; Richard his son and heir was thirty years of age. Richard Radcliffe. He died in or before 1442. John Radcliffe, obit. 1485. Held Peasfurlong. Richard Radcliffe obit. 1502 Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 120–2. John Radcliffe, Duchy of Lanc., obit. 1513, Inq. p.m. iii, 98. Roger Radcliffe. John Radcliffe. Margaret Radcliffe, m. Nicholas Rishton, first cousin of Richard Townley, whose sister m. Richard Barlow, esq., great-grandfather of John Barlow, who m. Anne Langford, hereinafter noted. Richard Rishton, m. Anne, dau. of Sir John Talbot. Henry Rishton. William Rishton. William Rishton, m. Emma Tyll, whose family were tenants in Almodington, Sussex, of Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, whose second wife was Mary, dau. of Sir John Arundell, and widow of Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex. William died April 25, 1583, after which Emma m. Jasper Gunter of Chichester.

xxvii. 1.2. John Radcliffe, rector of Bury in 1346. 1.3. Ralph Radcliffe, m. Margery Ince, widow of Sir Henry Trafford, mother of another Sir Henry Trafford, who m. Ralph Radcliffe’s dau., Elizabeth. Their son was Sir Edmund Trafford. Assignment, 1457. By Edmund de Trafford Knt., William Honford son of William Honford, and John Mason parson of the church of Normanton to Thomas Knottesford of all the messuages, lands &c. which they had by the enfeoffment of William de Honford of Chorleghe the elder, John Knottesford of Poulyng County Sussex, Benedict Brown, Thomas Barlowe and Henry Hulme in Twemlowe, Newhall and Knottesford County Chester. To have and hold to said Thomas and his heirs for ever. Witnesses:- Robert Grosvenor, John Leghe of Bothes, Esquires, (and others, named). Sir Edmund married Alice daughter and co-heir of Sir William Venables of Bollin, and thus acquired a considerable estate in Cheshire. The Thomas Barlow of this deed was the son of Thomas Barlow, as directly follows. 1.3.1. John Radcliffe of Chaderton. The manor of Chaderton passed with Margaret, daughter of William, and eventually sole heiress of her brothers Richard and Geoffrey de Chaderton, to John Radcliffe of Chaderton, jure uxoris. He witnessed deeds of the Barlow family of Chorlton-cum-Hardy, having married (2) a sister of Robert and Thomas Barlow of that place. 1.1.2. Thomas Radcliffe. Joan widow of Thomas Radcliffe of Winmarleigh occurs in 1410 and 1417; Final Conc, iii, 69, 85. Richard Radcliffe, b. 1379, Wymersley, Lancashire, obit. 1442. His grandson, Thomas Radcliffe of Wymersley, m. Ellena Balderstone, sister of William Balderstone, 1443-1462, as inq. p.m. The Balderstones were intermarried with the Talbots. Richard Radcliffe was the father of his namesake, as follows, and Thomas Radcliffe, father of Thomas, beforementioned, and Joan Radcliffe, who m. Richard Sherburne, of Stonyhurst; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii. Richard Sherburne’s sister, Isabel, m. John Townley, Henry Rishton’s br.-in-law. Quitclaim, Jan. 14, 1432: (1) John de Pilkington, kt. (2) Richard de Barton of Middleton. Of any ny right in the messuages and lands in Meadowcroft in the Tenure of John del Strete in the vill of Midelton. Witnesses: Richard de Radcliffe, James de Radcliffe, Robert De Langley. Margaret Radciffe, m. Sir Ralph Langford b, Oct. 27, 1400, Calwich. Staffs, obit. Feb. 26, 1432. Anne Langford, m. John Barlow esq. She was the grandau. of Richard Radcliffe, whose br., John, was the great-grandfather of Robert Radcliffe, earl of Sussex, whose widow m. Henry Fitzalan, who held Almodington in Sussex, whose tenants were the Tylls; one of whom m. William Rishton. John Barlow esq. Thomas Barlow. Lease of mills at Overton, co. Hants. Grant: From Richard Foxe, Bishop of Winchester, to Thomas Barlowe of Overton, husb., to hold for 10 yrs., 1515.

xxviii. 1.1.3. James Radcliffe. John Radclyffe, yr. s. of James Radcliffe of Radcliffe, Lancs. and bro. of Richard m. (1) in 1405, Cecily (d. 1423), da. and coh. of Sir Thomas Mortimer (d. bef. 1387), of Newnham, Cambs. and Attleborough, by Mary, da. of Nicholas Park, wid. of Sir John Herling (d. bef. 1403), 1s.; (2) bef. June 1426, Katherine (c.1407-13 Oct. 1452), da. and coh. of Sir Edward Burnell (o.s. of Hugh, Lord Burnell) of Thurning and Billingford, Norf., 1s. Kntd. Aug. 1415; KG 22 Apr. 1429. Radcliffe died on 26 Feb. or 4 Mar. 1441 and was buried in the choir of Attleborough church. Most of his first wife’s estates then passed to her grand daughter Anne, the only child of Sir Robert Herling and already wife of Sir William Chamberlain. His own heir was the son of his second marriage, John (c.1430-1461), who adopted the title of Lord Fitzwalter in right of his wife, but never received a summons to Parliament. From him were descended the Lords Fitzwalter and earls of Sussex. Our MP’s widow married John Ferrers, and survived until 1452 (Hist. Parl. Trust). John Radcliffe, married Elizabeth FitzWalter, Baroness FitzWalter, daughter of Walter FitzWalter, 7th Lord FitzWalter and Elizabeth Chidiok, on 27 October 1444. He died on 28 March 1461 at Ferrybridge, killed in action fighting for the Yorkists. He lived at Attleborough, Norfolk. John Radcliffe, 9th Lord FitzWalter. Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex, b. 1483, d. 27 Nov 1542. Inherited Peasfurlong. A salient point is that Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex, was heir to a line of Radcliffe cousins which he would have assumed responsibility for; this responsibility ‘legitimising’ his inheritance.


xxix. The Sherburne family had owned land in Stonyhurst in Lancashire since at least 1246, when Robert de Sherburne is recorded as living there. Richard de Sherburne (1381-1441), that is, Richard de Bayley of Stonyhurst, son of his namesake, who m. a descendant of Robert de Sherburne; this Richard m. Agnes Stanley, dau. of William Stanley of Hooton, sat in the 1420s parliaments of Henry V. Their only son, Richard Sherburne, who m. Alice Hammerton, dau. of Lawrence Hammerton of Wicklesworth, predeceased his father, but left a son, Robert de Sherburne (1431-1492), who m. Joan Radcliffe (dau. of Sir Thomas Radclffe of Winnersley, Lancs).* Their eldest son, Richard Sherburne ( b. circ. 1455, obit. 1513) built the choir at Mitton church (he m. Joanna Langton, dau. of Henry Langton of Walton) and their son, Hugh Sherburne (obit. 1528; the first to drop the prefix of the surname), made additions to the fourteenth century mansion at Stonyhouse and built the chantry of the church. He m. Anne Talbot dau. of Thomas Talbot of Bashall in 1511. Their eldest son, Thomas (c. 1505-1536), was high sheriff of Lancashire and m. Joan Townley (see Sherborn, A history of the family of Sherborn, pp.1-28). *

xxx. 1. John Townley, 1349-1419. 1.1. Richard Townley. 1.1.1. John Townley, m. Isabel Sherburne, dau. of Richard Sherburne of Stonyhurst and Matilda Hamerton, on April 16, 1445. Isabel was born in 1424 in Stonyhurst. Thus, John Townley and Henry Rishton were brothers-in-law. Richard Townley (first-cousin of Nicholas Rishton, b. post 1454, obit. May 3, 1508, who m. Margaret, dau. of John Radcliffe) m. (Sept. 21, 1472) Joanna Southworth, dau. of Richard Southworth. John Towneley. Nicholas Townley, m. Lettice Talbot, dau. of William Talbot. John son of Edmund Talbot sold his right to Gilbert de la Legh. Gilbert’s son John m. one of the co-heirs of Towneley, and had two sons Gilbert (without issue) and Richard. The latter and his issue succeeded to the whole inheritance of Hapton and Towneley, and having adopted Towneley as his surname, the story of his family is more properly related under that manor (‘Townships: Hapton’, A History of the County of Lancaster: vol. 6 (1911), pp. 507-5120. There were disputes as to the estate between William Talbot and Alice his wife on the one side and Nicholas son of Thomas Legh on the other, and in 1464 they were settled by arbitration, the whole inheritance of Isabel formerly wife of John Legh being assigned to Alice (Raines D. – Chet. Lib.). There was a recovery of the manor in 1482 against William and Alice Talbot (Final Conc. iii, 139). In Sept. 1484, the capital messuage called the Hall of Shuttleworth, a close called Birtwisle, and other lands, &c., were settled on Alice wife of William Talbot, with remainders to Lettice wife of Nicholas Townley, and in default to Isabel wife of Robert Shakerley, Lettice and Isabel being the daus. and co-heirs of Alice (Towneley MS. GG, no. 3126; C 8, 13, L 182; ‘Townships: Hapton’, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 507-512).

xxxi. 1.2. … Townley, m. Richard Barlow, esq., son of Robert Barlow of Chorlton-cum-Hardy, whose elder son, Thomas, by a certificate from Lichfield, bearing date 1397, was sole and exclusive lord of Barlow, and that his father’s name was Robert de Barlow*; that the said Thomas had two sons, of whom the elder was named Roger and the younger Thomas; that the said Roger became in turn sole lord of Barlow after the decease of his father; and that he had a son by name Roger, who succeeded his father as lord of Barlow.* Richard and Thomas Barlow were cousins of John Barlow: In the 14 Richard II. (1390) Robert Collayn gave to John, son of Roger de Barlow, for the term of his life all his messuages, lands, &c., in Barlow. This deed is witnessed by John de Radeliffe de Chaderton. The nephew of the Townley heiress who m. Richard Barlow being John Townley, br.-in-law of Henry Rishton; her great-nephew being Nicholas Rishton, who m. Margaret Radcliffe. *Probably grandson of this Robert de Barlow: Quitclaim, c. 1290: (1) Henry, son of (2) Hugh de Gooden. Premises: All (1)’s right to land in Meadowcroft on Haystishil, which he had by feoffment and charter from (2), his lord. Witnesses: Lord John le Buron, Lord Geoffrey de Bracebrike, Geoffrey de Chadderton, William de Hopwood, Robert de Barlowe, Robert Wutonin. The property afterwards passed to John, son of Roger de Barlow, and subsequently to John the younger. In 1466, Nicholas Barlow conveyed to his son Alexander all his lands, &c., in Withington and elsewhere in Lancashire, formerly belonging to John de Barlow, father of the aforesaid Nicholas, Alexander Barlow was succeeded by his son Roger, who lived in the reign of Henry VI1. He m. a dau. of Ellis Prestwich, Esq., of Hulme, and dying, seized the Barlow estate, transmitted it to his son, Ellis Barlow, so named after his maternal grandfather. Ellis Barlow m. Anne, dau. of Otes Reddish, Esq., of Reddish, and had issue a son, Alexander, his successor, and a dau., Margaret, wife of Edward Stanley, third Earl of Derby. Bond, Feb. 22, 1503: Alexander Barlow, gentleman, Roger Barlowe, his son and heir, Ralph Prestwich, son of Elias Prestwich, esq., and Richard Scotte, to Oto Redych, esq., for the performance of covenants. Bond, Aug. 22, 1525: Katherine Barlow, widow, to John Rediche of Rediche, co. Lanc., esq., to keep an award of Alexander Radcliff, Edmund Trafford, Richard Sneyde and Robert Challoner respecting her claims of dowry after the death of Roger Barlow, her late husband. Of this Barlow family: Lease, April 20, 1576: For 3 lives, by Edmunde Trafford of Trafford (Co. Lanc.), Esq., to John Barlow of Helesbie, husbandman — his messuage or tenement and all houses, barns, stables, lands etc: pertaining in Helesbye now/late in the holding of the said John Barlow; for lives of the said John Barlow, Margaret his wife and Randall Barlow their eldest son, at annual rent of 17/-. Cons. £18. This Edmund Trafford was a close friend of Lawrence Ardren, likewise friend of Thomas Carpenter, whose family were probably intermarried with that of Parker, as beforementioned.

xxxii. Thomas de Barlow Jr. , as shown, was enfeoffed in Cheshire by Sir Edmund de Trafford. He is also mentioned in an earlier enfeoffment in that county: Grant, 1433: By John de Knottesford to William de Honford of Chorlegh the elder, County Chester, John de Knottesford of Poulyng County Sussex, Benedict Brown of Bowdon County Derby, Thomas de Barlowe of Barlowe County Lancaster and Henry de Hulme of Dirram, of all messuages lands &c which I have in the townships of Twemlowe & le Newhall juxta Shibbroke with the reversion of all lands and tenements which Avilla late the wife of Hugh de Knottesford held for the term of her life in Knottesford. Witnesses:- Robert le Grosvenor, John de Davenport of Davenport (& others). His son was James Barlow: Quitclaim, May 10, 1487. Ranulph Davenport, Parson of the Church of Wilmslow, Halfrid Davy, Parson of the Church of Swettenham, Thomas Fiton of Carthyn, Richard Newton of Newton next Mottram [St.] Andrew (all Cheshire), and his sons Humfrid and Robert, feoffees of Laurence Lowe; quitclaim George Lowe, Thomas Lowe, Olyver Blakwall, Rector of the Church of Barton-in-the-Beans (Leics.), Nicholas Blakwall, Vicar of the Church of Beeston (Beston), Richard Newton of Newton next Widford (Ches.), Otiwelle Lowe, William Oldom, Thomas Townesend and Thomas Adenbro’, of all the right and title to lands and tenements lately had of the gift of the said Lawrence, in Ashbourne, Compton, Clifton, Bradley, Fenton and Sturston, (Derbys.). Richard Newton, 1441-1497, was collector of subsidies for Macclesfield, along with Hugh Davenport of Henbury; his son was Humphrey Newton, b. Oct, 4, 1466, a sister of whom m. James Barlow, c. 1485 (Bodl. MS Lat. Misc. 66, fol. 27av). The sister’s name being Margery, Elizabeth, or Joan (BL, Harley MS 1535, fol. 223r). James Barlow thus acquired land in Mottram St. Andrew as his wife’s dower. He later acquired land in Acton, Timperley, Baguley, Northenden, and Kenworthy (Irvine (ed.) A Collection of Lancashire and Cheshire Wills, p. 61; Tatton MS 96, 98, 1185. Timperley, 1510: Release and quitclaim by John Ardron of Timperley and Hamon Ardron, his son, to James Barlow of Northenden and Roger Rile of Sharston. Humphrey Newton postulated that an ancestor might have married a Davenport heiress. His grandfather, Oliver, 1395-1452, had married Jane Lowe, obit 1498, heiress of the Lowe family of Denby, Derbys. If the Sussex Visitation record is correct, then a younger son of James Barlow was Henry Barlow; older sons would appear to have been Thomas Barlow and Edmund Barlow: Northenden, 1539: A testimonial of Thomas Barlow of Siddisbury, Laurence Hardey of Baguley and Richard Kempe of Northenden concerning a piece of land known as the Swallow howle. Didsbury, 1539: Power of attorney of Robert Tatton of Withenshaw, gent., for Richard Legh of Baguley, Esq., and Hugh Haryson of Northenden, chaplain, to receive possession from Edmund Barlow and John Janny. According to the Visitations, Henry Barlow was the father of another Henry Barlow, herein mentioned: Indenture, May 19, 1545: Parties: 1. Roger Downes of Shrigley com. Cestr. Esq. 2. Master Geoffrey Downes, DD, chancellor of the Cathedral of York; John Arderen of Harden com. Cestr. Esq, Lawrence Downes of Ryddyngker Gent, Christopher Downes clerk in Com. Cantibrigie, Richard Downes Gent. Witnesses: John Davenport of Henburie Esq. … Feoffment de capitalibus dominis with Warranty contra omnes gentes … witnesses Hugh Byron, Lawrence Holey, Thomas Davenport, Henry Barlow. Deed (with attached Letter of Attorney, October 20, 1548),18 March 1552 … Warrant for Entry and Possession to effect livery of seisin in a water mill called Potshriley Mylne lately had from Thomas Denton Esq by Edmund Sutton and to be conveyed to Roger Downes of Shrigley or his attorney. Endorsed; certificate of livery of seisin to Roger Downes February 27, 1549 witnesses – Lawrence Downes of Ryddyngker Gent, Richard T…. wynd chaplain, Ralph Ranshaw chaplain, Robert Smale of Pott Shrygley, Nicholas Andrew, miller, Richard Jepson, Henry Barlow of Mottram Andrew. Deed, Oct. 4, 1550. Parties: 1. John Davenport of Henbury co Cestrie Esq, and Thomas Stapleton. 2. Roger Downes Esq. Release of an estate created by Fine levied by the sd Roger Downes to the sd John Davenport and Thomas Stapleton in the County Court of Chester … witnesses – Richard Thrylwynd, Ralph Renshaw of Pott chaplain, John Blacshaw, Hugh Wodd, Henry Barlow. Indenture, March 30, 1551. Parties: 1. Roger Downes of Potshrigley co. Cestr’ Esq, Robert Downes his son and heir. 2. William Davenport Kt, John Ardron Esq., John Ward of Capestorne Gent, and John Davenport Gent. Signed and sealed; Wyllyam Davenporte K. John Davenport and two crosses.Witnesses of sealing and delivery (endorsed). Sir Richard Thrilwynd and Sir Rauf Renshaw chaplains, Humphrey Blacshaw, John Blacshaw, Henry Barlow. In that there is no record of an earlier Henry Barlow, it may be suspected that the latter’s father was the beforementioned Thomas or Edmund. His son was Ralph Barlow,* father of Edward Barlow, who m. Joan Rishton. Ralph ‘Mr. Barlow’ ….. In a State paper, dated November 4, 1585, occurs the following: ‘Note of certain words uttered by one Mr. Barlowe, of Chichester, to Roger Androwe, at Racton, in Sussex, making a jest of Her Majesty’s commission for impressing carts and timber for the works at Portsmouth’; and a statement is added, that Mr. Gounter had illegally tried to cause Androwe to take up the timber elsewhere. The Gunter family were almost certainly kin of the Parker family of Odiham. To repeat – North Chapell: Quitclaim, Oct. 28, 1419. By John, son of Thomas Parker to his father Thomas of all right in land in Petworthe and Ludgareshale which John recently acquired from Edith Breyche, and which formerly belonged to Roger Webbe of Fynyng. Witnesses: Roger Gunter, John Turgys, William Apsley. *According to the Harleian MSS. an inquisition was taken in 1559 in regard to the extent of the Borough of East Grinstead … it was a Liberty of itself, without any intermeddling of ye hundred, or vice versa ; is within ye parish of East Grinstead, within ye Dutchy of Lancaster and ye liberty of ye same. This boro’… boundeth to ye lands of John Duffield, called Browning’s Cross, and to ye glebe land of ye Parsonage of north part ; to Love Lane of ye east part ; to ye lands of John Duffield the elder, and lands late John Leedes of ye south; of ye Queen’s highway leading from said boro’ …… and it is to be remembered that there is on ye common or heath one little piece of ground called the Windmill Place, wch Henry Duffield purchased to him and his heirs of King Henry VII., with one tenement and a piece of ground lying west of ye said common and called Ye New House, wch Edw. Duffield now hath and holdeth. The Duffields were long resident in East Grinstead and one of them named Thomas, a yeoman, became M.P. in 1554; his Will (1579) was witnessed by John Duffield, the ironmaster, probably his brother. The steward of the duchys lands in Sussex was the 19th Earl Arundel, lord of Almodington. (I will not labour the Rishton connection). Ralph Barlow’s wife, Juliana Duffield, was almost certainly of this family of Duffield. June 4, 1577: ‘Randall Barlow’ married ‘Julia Duffel’ in Edburton, Sussex, near Earnley. On October 3, 1596, Matthew Vaux of London, gent. married Juliana Barlow of Chichester, widow. He was very likely of the Vaux family described herein.

xxxiii. 1.2.1. John Barlow, esq. m. Marianne, dau. of Thomas Sherburne, who may have been a br. of Richard Sherburne alias Bayley. John Barlow esq. , m. Anne, dau. of Sir Ralph Langford b, Oct. 27, 1400, Calwich. Staffs, obit 26 Feb, 1432. and Margaret Radcliffe, dau. of Sir Richard Radcliffe of Wymersley, Lancs, obit. Sept 4, 1431. He was the son of Richard Radcliffe, beforementioned, obit. 1442. John Barlow esq. Thomas Barlow. Lease of mills at Overton, co. Hants., 1515. From Richard Foxe, Bishop of Winchester, to Thomas Barlowe of Overton, husb., to hold for 10 yrs (Somerset Archive and Record Service). The manor of Overton belonged to the bishopric of Winchester from an early date, and was confirmed to Frithstan, Bishop of Winchester, by King Edward the Elder in 909. The Domesday Survey states that ‘the bishop himself holds Overton in demesne; it always belonged to the bishopric,’ assessing it at 41 hides with a rateable value of £50. The Bishops of Winchester continued to hold the manor among the other possessions of the see until 1649. Four mills of the annual value of £3 2s. 6d. belonged to the manor of Overton at the time of the Domesday Survey. In 1446 the mills of the vill and La Lynch with a fishery were let to Walter Milleward and William Egerton for a rent of £9 6s. 8d. There was also an empty plot called New Mill, but the mill itself had not yet been built. This had been done at the beginning of the 16th century, the fulling mill called New Mill with a fishery being let at 8s. a year. By the reign of Henry VIII £10 a year was paid for the farm of three mills, of which two were under one roof called Lynch Mills, £1 for the New Mill, while the fishery was let separately for 6s. 8d. a year and the payment of a dish of fishes, value 8d., to the bishop’s officer at every tourn held at Overton. The manor of Polhampton in Overton: In 1553 William Somer died seised of a portion of the manor, leaving as his heirs Alice wife of Anthony More … see para iv.

xxxiv. William Barlow, Bishop of Chichester. 1.2.1..2.2.1. William Barlow. Depositum Gulielmi Barlowe, Arcdiaconi Sarisburiensis, Prebendarii Ecclesia’ Cath. Winton. & Rectoris Ecclesise Easton; qui cum sedulam per ann. 52 fediticationi corporis Christi navasset operum, ad iucliorein vitam migravit, Muii 25, anno doinini 1025. — Biographical Dictionary. Elizabeth Barlow, m. William Day, Bishop of Winchester. What is known of Barlow, before his promotion to a Bishopric, is briefly this — that he was born in 1499 (being 60 years old in 1559 – Tab. of Consecr. in De Antiq. Br. Eccl. William Barlow, supposed by Tanner, Newcourt, and others, to be the same with the Bp. of St. David’s, was Prior of the Aug. Canons at Blackmore, Essex, May 25, 1509 – Reg. Fitzjames ap. Dugd., p. 552 — at Tiptree in the same county from July 18, 1509, until 1515 – Reg. Tunstall ap. Dugd. ibid. p. 554, Tanner, and Wood,— at Lighes or Lees Parva in same county from July 18, 1515 until his resign. Sept. 14, 1524 — Reg. Tunst. ap. Dugd. ibid. p. 552, Newcourt, ii. 386, and Wood,— at Bromehill or Bromewell, in Norfolk, and Rector of Cressingham in the same county, in 1525 and 1527, the Convent being suppressed for Wolsey’s Coll. at Ipswich, May 14, 1528 – Dugd. ibid. p. 569, naming him ‘Barlow alias Finch’, and Tanner. The dates seem to prove these entries to relate to one person; and the earliest date compared with Bishop Barlow’s age, and history as above given, that he is not that person. Bishop Barlow had no ties to Essex or Oxford. His wife, Agatha Wellesbourne, died in 1595. There is a memorial to her in Easton Church, Hampshire.


xxxv. Captain William Parker was of the Parker family of Odiham, Southampton. They came to hold land of the Petworth estate (probably by intermarriage with such families as the Gunters and Apsleys – established tennants there), owned by the Percy family. It was the marriage of their overlords with the FitAlans that shaped future alliances. Henry FitzAlan, the owner of Almodington, where the Rishtons were tennants, was the only son of William FitzAlan, earl of Arundel, by his second wife, Lady Anne Percy, dau. of Henry Percy, fourth earl of Northumberland. The said Henry FitzAlan’s second wife was the relict of Robert Radcliffe, 1st. Earl Sussex, hence the patronage of the Rishton family, as explained. The lady in question was Mary, the dau. of John Arundel of Lanherne and Catherine, dau. of Sir Thomas Granville, whose sisters were Philippa, m. to Francis Harris of Hayne, and Mary, who m. (2) Thomas St. Aubyn. The salient point is that the Parkers were acquainted with a lordship grouping of prominent families of Devon and Cornwall, which included that of the Kempes of Lavethan, who intermarried with the Pomeroys.

xxxvi. 1. Sir Thomas Browne of Beechworth Castle, Sheriff of Kent (fl. 1450), m. Eleanor FitzAlan , dau. of Sir Thomas FitzAlan of Beechwood. 1.1. Sir Robert Browne (it is alleged) m. Mary Mallet, dau. of Sir William Mallet. However, this open to some doubt as Robert Browne left a Will dated December 9, 1509 in which he names his wife, Anne, and dau., Eleanor, and requests burial in Faversham Abbey, Kent, ‘before the rood of pity’; it may be the case that he married twice. 1.1.1. Eleanor Browne, m. Sir William Kempe of Olantye, son of Sir Thomas Kempe of Olantye,* as follows. 1.2. Sir Anthony Browne, Governor of Queenborough Castle, m. Lucy Neville, dau. of Sir John Nevill, Earl of Northumberland. 1.2.1. Sir Anthony Browne, obit.1548, m. (1) Alice Gage, dau of Sir John Gage. Sir Anthony Browne of Battle Abbey and Cowdray Park, Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex, obit. 1592, m. (1) Jane Ratcliffe (obit. 1552, dau of Robert Ratcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex … William Rishton, m. Emma Tyll, whose family were tenants in Almodington, Sussex, of Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel, whose second wife was Mary, dau. of Sir John Arundell, and widow of Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex. William died April 25, 1583, after which Emma m. Jasper Gunter of Chichester.

xxxvii. 1. Richard Kempe of Lavethan, Cornwall (35 mls. from Plymouth), grandson of Edmund Kempe, citizen of London, third son of *Sir Thomas Kempe of Olanteigh, aforesaid, m. Grace, fifth dau. of John Boscawen, esq. of Tregothnan. 1.1. William Kempe esq., m. (n.b) a dau. of Thomas St. Aubyn, esq. of Clowance,* by Zenobia, his wife, dau. of John Mallet, esq. of Volley, Devon.*Grandson of Thomas St. Aubyn and Mary Granville. 1.1.1. Thomas Kempe esq., m. Catherine, dau. of Laurence Courtenay esq., of Lostwithiel, grandson of Sir Edmund Courtenay of Deviock, fourth son of Sir Philip Courtenay, of Powderham Castle, who m. Elizabeth, dau. of Walter, Lord Hungerford. Catherine, a sister of Laurence Courtenay, m. 2. Sir St. Clare Pomeroy, son of Henry Pomeroy, 1413-1481, who settled the mannor Stockleigh Pomeroy (Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, pp. 595, 696). Sir Henry de la Pomeray, aged 30 and more at his father’s death, and 40 and more at his mother’s death, m. Alice, dau. of John Raleigh of Fardell, Devon, and by her had six children; m. (2) Anna Cammel, dau. of Robert Cammel of Tittleford, Dorset, who died s. p. by him, although she had a dau. Johanna Barrett, by a previous marriage, who m. William Kelloway of Dorset. Children of Sir Henry de la Pomeray and Alice Raleigh: Sir St. Clare, son and heir, d. s. p., John, Agnes, Elizabeth, Sir Richard, second son, and heir to his brother, Sir St. Clare, and Thomas. Sir St. Clare, son and heir, d. v. p. s. p. May 31, 1471. Inquest p. m. 12 Edward IV.; m. Katharine, dau of Sir Philip Courtenay of Powderham; n.b. relict of Thomas Rogers. She afterward m. Sir William Huddesfield, vide Courtenay; obit. Jan. 12, 1515, at Spillingford. Inquest p. m. 7 Henry VIII. George Rogers, her son and heir, aged thirty years and more. The descent noted in these generations is recited in the inquest taken on the death of Katherine Huddesfield, who was widow of Sir St. Clare Pomeroy, 7 Henry VIII. Humphrey Kempe, who m. Anne, only dau. of Thomas Peyton, esq. of St. Edmundsbury, customer of Plymouth, by Cecilia, his wife, dau. of John Bourchier, earl of Bath.; Cecilia’s brother, Henry, m. a dau. of Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset. William Kempe, obit. 1629. William Kempe. John Kempe, m. Winifred Penkivil, Sept. 29, 1572. Humphrey Kempe had numerous descendants.

Here lyeth the bodye of Humphrey, sonne and Heyre to Thomas Kempe of Lavethan, Esquire, who departed this life the tenth daye of November Anno Domini 1624 and married Jane, the daughter of Thomas Peytonne, Esquire, Customer of Plymouth and Cornwall. No sweeter comfort dothe betide mankinde Then to depart this life with a quiet minde, F’irme confidence, pure conscience unmolested By Guiltiness of sinne or vice detested; Such hap I hope, such Grace had I the rather Because I dyde a husband and a father. Dyde, no vent hence, for they that leave posterite Live in their offspringes, dye not properly’. Will was proved in 1630 (P.C, 61 Pile). It commences with: ‘1 Humphrey Kempe intending God Willing some long Voyage wherefore have thought it expedient to leave for lynds {? lines) to be executed by my mother Mrs. Jane Kempe and Cecilie my sister,’ and proceeds to bequeath £10 in the hands of his brother to the sister Cecilie, and £20 to his sister Grace, £2 each to his brother’s ‘four children’, and the residue of his effects to his mother, with whom, he adds, he was then living. He was probably a sailor. His mother was the dau. of Thomas Peyton, he being son of Christopher Peyton, of Bury St. Edmunds. Frances, sister to Thomas Peyton, m. John Hart, of Highgate, Middlesex, and left a son. Sir Eustace Harte, whose half brother, Henry Harte, is frequently mentioned as a relative connected with the sale of Lavethan.

xxxviii. WILLIAM LOVE, 9 October 1493, of the parish of Goutherst [Goudhurst]. To be buried in the church under the herse (sub hersie) and for my burial 6s. 8d. To the light of the Herse there 12d. To the high cross 4d. To the Light of the Blessed Mary 4d. To painting the new work there 10 marcs. To the Light of St. Christopher 4d. To Dom. Walter Zeynden, priest, to celebrate in the church for the health of my soul and of my parents 10 marcs.To Thomas Leede 6s. 8d. To Thomesin my sister 6s. 8d. To Richard Leede my godson 6s. 8d. To each of the doughters of the said Thomas Leede 6s. 8d. To James Rolf my godson 6s. 8d. To William Paintor my confilio 6s. 8d. To John son of Thomas Roberth my confilio 6s. 8d. To William son of Thomas Love my confilio 3s. 4d. To Eomund son of John Roberth 6s. 8d. To William Jenkyn of Haukeherst 6s. 8d. To his wife 6s. 8d. To his son 6s. 8d. To William Baytop 6s. 8d. To his son my confilio 3s. 4d. To John Fowzenden 6s. 8d. Executrix Elizabeth my wife and Nicholas Smyth and I ordain John Roberth my supervisor. Residue to John my son … My feoffers shall suffer Elizabeth my wif to have the profitts of my messuage that I duell yn forthewith the shop at the churche gate vnto John my son come to the age of 20 yeres. My wife to have the profitt of my messuage called Brewton all the term of her lif. Also my shoppe of mercery she paying £10 to Thomas Astyn of Merden.To the mariage of Elizabeth and Johan my doughters £20, and my wife to have the keping of my children and have 40s. for euery child yerely.To John my son my lands &e not assigned when 20 and at 24 to have a lawfull estate in all my said lands. After decease of my wife 50 marks to a sute (i.e. of vestments) for the churche of Goutherst [Goudhurst] as goodly as can be had by the advise of John Roberth and other my feoffees and 20 marks to a wele disposed prest to syng yn the church of Goutherst [Goudhurst] for my soule my fadre and modre and all my frends soules by the space of two yeres and to be at the divine service songyng and seid in the seid churche. Also I ordeyn 10 marks to the sufficient makyng of the way in the nether strete and that wel doon the residue to be bestowed at barke and beneth Thomas Lovys gate. To my brother Thomas of the sale of my seid lands 20 marks.To Thomas Leede 13s. 4d., to his wife 40s., to Richard his son 10 marks and to euery of his doughters 40s. To the mariage of 10 pouer maydens within the parish of Goutherst [Goudhurst] 6s. 8d. To Thomas Love 40s. To John Love 40s. To Mergary Smeth 40s. and to William Baytop 40s. Residue in deds of charite. A yerely obit for me in the church of Goutherst 20 yeres, bestowing euery yere 3s. 4d. To my seruaunt Alice Spryngat 40s. if she fulfill her covenaunt. To Stephen Page my godson if he dwell with my wif till he be of the age of 18 yeres, 40s. To Harry Lymden and his wife 20s. in forme abouesaid as vnto my other kynnesmen. Proved at Maydeston (Maidstone). December 31, 1493(P.C.C. 18 Vox).

xxxix. Feoffment. July 1, 1484. John Rode of Goudhurst & William Comden of the same to William Love of Goudhurst, & John at Hale of Halden, Thos. Robard of Brenchly, & John at Stone of Goudhurst; Feoffment of land called Homefield aforesd. Grant. Apr. 11, 1493. Alexander Culpeper, esq, to Robert Bysshoppynden of Goudhurst in Kent 6a of wood in a place [lately] called Payselwode on the den of Paysell in Goudhurst (E: highway from Goudhurst to Rysden; S: highway from Goudhurst to Hopemell; W: John Mugge’s land; N: William Love’s land). W: John Haddis, gent, Edward Horden, Richard Basden, John Love, Thomas Love; at Goudhurst. Feoffment. March 20, 1501. Henry atte Welle, Richd. Mugge & Nicholas Smyth, to James Rolf & Thomas Love Senr.; Feoffment of land called Paysell & Hothfield aforesd. Feoffment. March 22, 1501. James Rolf, & Thos. Love Senr., to Nicholas Smyth & John Burgeys; Feoffment of last mentioned lands. Release. August 2, 1510. John Love, Son & heir of Willm. Love of Goudhurst deced.; Release of right in 4 pieces of land on the dens of Paysell & Rysebrigge, called Hothfield, Colbemcroft & Paysell. Sale. June 9, 1512. Thomas Bexisbeche of Goudhurst, to William Roger, William Love & John Love, son of John Love Senr.; Sale of Lands in Goudhurst had from John B. his bror. as by charter of Dec 22 H.7 Feoffment. May 2, 1514. William Mugge of Horsemonden to Thomas Love, Alexr. Sabbe, John Love, son of Thomas Love & John Wylmyshurst, Son of Thomas Wylmyshurst, of Goudhurst; Feoffment of a piece of land called Tropendenfield in Goudhurst Grant. Feb. 1, 1534. By Robert Mede of Battle, yoman, to John Love senr., by way of Mortgage, – for £25 – of a messuage with garden adjoining, in which the said John (sic) was dwelling, situate in Battle in the Middle Borough there to the messuage and lands of William Dowell and Margaret his wife, late of William Parker, S., to the messuage and lands of the said Robert in which he was dwelling, N. and extending from the king’s street there, W. as far as the Little Park of the lord abbot there … Witnesses to deed and livery of seisin – Henry Bennet, Christopher Pye, John Wyllyamson, John Parys. (See Parker ped. no. 9 – William Parker. Quit-claim, Mar. 30, 1509. By Joan Tovy, widow, late the wife of John Tovy of Battle, dau. and heir of Agnes, dau. and heir of Thomas Hokestepe, sometime of Battle, to Edmond Gunter, gent., Nicholas Morant and Henry Mylle of and in a messuage with garden adjoining in Battle in the Middle Borough between the tenement of William Parker, E. and the tenement of the said Henry Mylle….. the high street there). Release. July 7, 1571. James Love of Brenchley, Clothier, to John Horsemanden of Goudhurst, Scythesmith; Release of right in the said last mentioned lands.Release. Oct. 19, 1572. Thomas Love, son of John Love of Goudhurst, deced., to John Horsemanden of Goudhurst; Release of right in two pieces of land called Tromborne & Homefield in Goudhurst. Release. Jan. 19, 1573. Agnes Love, widow of James Love of Brenchley deced. to John Love of Winchelsey, Co. Sussex, Merchant; Release of right in two pieces of land, called Paysell & Hothefield. Release. Apr. 1, 1610. Nicholas St. John, Gent., Son of Oliver St. John Esq., & Margaret his wife, da. of John Love of Winchelsey, Co. Sussex, Merchant deced., to Thomas Risbye of Brenchley, Scythesmith; Release of right in lands in Goudhurst. Settlement, c 1615. By Richd. Besbeech concerning the descent of the lands last mentioned.

xxxx. Chamberlain calls him ‘Oliver St. John of Wiltshire’. He was therefore in all probability of the Lydiard stock, and, on turning to the pedigree of that branch of St. John, recorded in the Heralds’ College, we find that John St.John of Lydiard had two sons, John, the grandfather of Oliver who became Lord Grandison, and Oliver, who had a son of his own name, described as ‘son and heir’. The elder Oliver is stated by Edmonson, iv. 328, to have married Margaret, dau. and coheir of Love, of Winchelsea, and to have had three sons: Oliver, Nicholas, and John. This statement is confirmed by the following document among the title-deeds of an estate called Troppinden, in Sussex. ‘Sir Edward Randy and Dame Anne his wife, by Ind’re 10 May, 6 Jas. did sell unto Thomas Risly of Brenchley the moiety of all these lands and tenements. The preamble of the said Indenture is as follows: Between Sir Edward Randill, of Albury, co. Surry, Knt. and dame Anne his wife, sole dau’r and heir of Anne Morgan, decd, late wife of Sir John Morgan, Knt. and one of the dau’s and heirs of John Love, late of Winchelsey, co. Sussex, Gent. Olyver St. John, Esq. by Ind’re same date, did sell the other moiety to said Thomas Risley. The preamble of the said Indenture is as follows: Nicholas St.John, Gent, one of the sons of Olyver St.John, Esq. and of Margaret his wife, one of the dau’rs of John Love, decd, late of Winchelsey, Merchant.Thomas Risly, by Will, Feb. 6, 1612, gives all sd lands to Symon Bynyor, who sold the same to Stephen Ballard and Richard Besbeech, the latter’s son being a partner of John Harris, who was almost certainly closely related to Thomas Harris, who died in Virginia in 1688.

xxxxi. 1. Henry Morgan of Pencoid (Pencoyd), Monmouthshire m. Katherine Gunter, obit. 1526, dau/heir of John Gunter of Chilworth, Surrey, by his wife Elizabeth, the dau. and heiress of William Attworth. In 1511, Racton is referred to as a manor at the death of John Gunter of Chilworth, Surrey, held of Thomas, Earl of Arundel; n.b Henry FitzAlan’s grandfather. The Racton family and the Chilworth one were from the same root. She m. 2. Sir Edmund Walsingham, by whom he had four sons and four daughters, including his heir, Sir Thomas Walsingham (d. 15 January 1584), father of Christopher Marlowe’s patron, Sir Thomas Walsingham; a dau., Mary, who m. Sir Thomas Barnardison, and a dau., Alice, who m. Sir Thomas Saunders (obit.1565), third but eldest surviving son of Nicholas Saunders of Charlwood, Surrey, by Alice Hungate. Edmund Walsingham m., secondly, Anne Jerningham, the dau. of Sir Edward Jerningham of Somerleyton, Suffolk, by his first wife, Margaret Bedingfield.

xxxxii. See Parker ped. nos. 6 $ 7 – Petworth Estate Deeds, Lodesworthe, March 26, 1412: Grant by Richard Ryndhurst and Margery his wife to Nicholas Faryndone, John atte Felde and William Chyngeford, their heirs and assigns, of all land called Snapelond in Sulham parish. Witnesses: William Taillard, John Strode, William Apsley, Thomas Parker, Robert Rammesfold. Lodesworth, Dec. 20, 1413. Grant by Thomas Porter and Juliana his wife to William atte Felde, Robert Suge, Robert Howyk and William Porter, their heirs and assigns, of all land called Snapelond in Sulham parish. Witnesses: William Taylard, Roger Gunter, John Strode, Robert Rodom, Thomas Porter. North Chapell, Oct. 28, 1419: Quitclaim by John, son of Thomas Parker to his father Thomas of all right in land in Petworthe and Ludgareshale which John recently acquired from Edith Breyche, and which formerly belonged to Roger Webbe of Fynyng Witnesses: Roger Gunter, John Turgys, William Apsle, Thomas Lucas, John atte Grene. 8. Thomas Parker. Grant, June 18, 1477. ‘By (a) Robert Whyte, citizen of Chichester, to (b) Mr. John Waynflete, Dean, and the Chapter of Chichester … Witnesses: Robert More, mayor of Chichester, Thomas Cresweller, Thomas Parker. As suggested, there is a strong possibility that the families of Parker and Gunter were intermarried; it may also be of interest that: 1.Thomas Bowyer, of Knypersley, co. Stafford, came into Sussex, temp. Hen. IV. 1410. 1.1. Richard Bowyer, m. Jane, d. of Roger Gunter of Petworth. The family of Gunter held in Racton by 1327, when Roger Gunter contributed to the subsidy there; in 1428 Roger Gunter was a landowner there. At his death in 1437 he held (a) land in Racton in chief of the king by service of two white capons ‘when the king shall come into the district’ (‘Racton’, A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 4: The Rape of Chichester (1953), pp. 113-118). 1.1. Richard Morgan of Chelworth, Surrey m. Jone Wintersull, dau of Robert Wintersull of Wintersull. 1.1.1. William Morgan of Chelworth m 2. Elizabeth Thatcher (dau of John Thatcher of Priesthawes). Sir John Morgan of Chelworth, obit. 1621, m. Anne Love, dau/coheir of John Love of Winchelsey. The Love family’s connection to the Thatchers is something held in common with the Sussex ancestors of Thomas Harris, who died in Virginia, 1688.

xxxxiii. William Parker, obit 1617, captain and Privateer, and also mayor of Plymouth. Captain Parker was of the same ‘circle’ as the family of Love, beforementioned; these families having both intermarried with the Gunters. March 25, 1612. Lease for 99 years. 1 William Parker of Plymouth, gent. 2 Thomas Love of Plymouth, merchant. Messuage in the Borough of Plymouth. Rent: 10s pa.

xxxxiv. Captain Parker’s grandson, Captain Nicholas Parker, m. (Sept. 8, 1657), Sarah Kempe, dau. of David Kempe and Alice Evans of St. Katherine by the Tower, London. They married in the London parish where either David Kempe or the Evans family conducted business. Pedigree showing descendants of Nicholas Hele of South Hele, Devon, 3rd son of William Hele of Hale in Copney Wood, Devon, down to Warwick Hele Tonkin, descended from Agnes wife of Richard Evans of Plymouth, married in 1638. Agnes was sister to Joan wife of Nicholas Bennett; both were daus. of William Hele (youngest son of Nicholas Hele by his second wife Margery Dunne) and Anne his wife, the dau. of Stephen Treville of Rame (Plymouth and West Devon Record Office, 369/1). Richard Evans was a prosperous merchant. Nicholas Hele of South-Hele, third son of William Hele of South-Hele, m., first a dau. of Walter Woodley of Tedburn St. Mary, and had issue William, John, and Joan m. to John Cholwich, of Rowden in Revelstock, and after to John Browning: secondly he m. Margery, dau. of Richard Dunne of Holsworthy, and had issue Thomas, Hugh, Walter, John, William, Thomasin, m. to John Luxton, and Elizabeth unmarried. Sir John Hele, of Wembury, knight, sergeant-at-law, fourth son of Nicholas by his second wife, m. Mary, dau. and coheir of Ellis Warwick of Batsborough, the other was m. to Chubb of Holbeton, and had issue Sir Warwick, John sans issue, Sir Francis, Nicholas, Walter, George, Ellis, Benjamin, Thomas sans issue, and Philippa m. to Sir Reginald Mohun, of Hall in Cornwall. Sir Warwick Hele, of Wembury, sheriff of Devon 1618 and 1619, m. Mary, dau. of Halse of Efford, the relict of William Hawkins, of Plymouth, esq., Mayor of Plymouth; secondly he m. Margaret, dau. of Sir William Courtenay,* of Powderham, sheriff of Devon (by Elizabeth Manners; he m.(2) the relict of Sir Francis Drake), and died sans issue January 16th, 1625. Sir Francis Hele, m. Jane, dau. of Rogers, of Canington in Somerset, esq., and had issue John and one dau., and died 1622. *He was the son of his namesake and Elizabeth Paulet, dau. of John Paulet, 2nd Marq. Winchester, son of another namesake, br. of Edmund Courtenay of Deviock, beforementioned; hence the link to the Kempes and Pomeroys.

xxxxv. The Love or Lovys family associated with land in Sussex that had been held by William Parker was almost certainly of Arlington in Devon, the old Raleigh manor. It can be noticed that william Love’s Will mentions ‘William Paintor’; a family of that name also being associated with Arlington. Most significantly, the link between Arlington and the Courtenays is clearly established. Arlington: Sept. 2, 1495. Feoffment and Grant of advowson. John Sapcote, Amias Paulet, knights, Robert Cary, John More, John Speccote, Fulk Prydeaux, Arthur Cokworthy, Lewis Pollard’, and John Pearde – to Richard Chechester, esq., and Elizabeth, his wife Manors of Alryngton’, and of Rokysford,with all their appurtenances, and also the advowson of the church of St. Peter of Alryngton. Witnesses: Richard Pollard, John Ackeland, and William Lovys, with many others. … Arlington. July 6, 1497. Lease. Richard Chechester, esq., and Elizabeth, his wife – to Nicholas Paynter, and Agnes, his wife. Lands and tenements in the manor of Alryngton. Rent 13s 4d. Witnesses: John Bury, of Alryngton, Richard Cutcliff, of Northcote, Thomas Cornewall. Sir John Chichester (obit. 1537) of Raleigh, the son and heir of Nicholas Chichester (d.pre-1496) and heir to his grandfather, m. firstly in about 1490, Margaret Beaumont (obit.1507), dau. and co-heiress of Hugh Beaumont of Shirwell by his wife Thomasine Wise, and the heir to Raleigh and the other principal family estates was Sir John Chichester (obit. 1569), (grandson), son of Edward Chichester, obit.1522, second and eldest surviving son of Sir John Chichester, obit. 1537. Sir John Chichester (obit. 1537) m. secondly to Joan Brett, sister of Robert Brett (obit.1540), lord of the manor of Pilland in the parish of Pilton, and the last steward of Pilton Priory before its dissolution and widow of John Courtenay (obit.1510) of Molland; she survived her husband and remarried Henry Fortescue. His will was witnessed by his brother-in-law Robert Brett. Sir Philip Courtenay who Elizabeth Hungerford,beforementioned, had issue Sir Philip I Courtenay, obit. 1489, of Molland, MP, Sheriff of Devon in 1470,father of John Courtenay (obit.1510) of Molland, beforementioned. Anne Courtenay, who m. Sir Thomas Grenville. Katherine Courtenay (obit. January 12, 1515), who married thrice: firstly St. Clare Pomeroy. … February 7, 1307. Pallyngeston, Thursday after S. Lawrence, 1 Edward II. Grant with warranty. Peter, Abbot of Bucfestr’ and Convent to Thomas Lov’ Land and appurtenances at Esse (Aish) which Richard le Schynn’ once held and 2 acres of demesne of Esse above the grange of Esse between the rocks by the way from Esse to Bolahorneston to hold to Thomas and his heirs by hereditary right for ever.Rent 3s. payable at 3 principal terms for all services except annual suit of court of Brent and (suit of) mill and 3 free boon works at at Esse, i.e. 3 reapings, Thomas to have common pasture in more and other easements as other free men of manor, 4s. for relief and for best beast of dead man. Witnesses, Henry de Noreys, William de Oulecombe, Henry son of Stephen, John de Marigg’, William de Corndon. 14th cent. Grant in tail with warranty. William, Abbot of Bucfestr’ and Convent to Richard Lov’ (A William Giffard was confirmed Abbot June 6, 1333). Land at Esse which Thomas Lov’ his father held, to hold to him and legitimate heirs of his body, with common of pasture in more and other easements.Rent 3s. of silver payable at terms usual in manor of Brenta, suit of court of Brent, suit of mill, 3 free boonworks at ‘pultura’ at Esse i.e. at reaping in autumn, 4s. for relief and best beast. Reversion to Abbot and convent on failure of heirs. Witnesses, John de Coteleforde, John de Pynatone, William Barlecombe, Robert de Dountestorre, John de Corndone

xxxxvi. 1608. Surrender by William Parker, gentlemen, of lease given to John Blythman, and re-grant of the plot in the old cawse, with 40 feet on north side of the cawse, for his sole use … Letter of John Blythman, merchant of Plymouth to Andrew Fursland, merchant at Reme [Rame, Cornwall], concerning pilchard fishing, c. 1589. Thomas Sherwill of Plymouth, b. c.1571,1st s. of Thomas Sheirwell (admon. July 3, 1582) of Plymouth, mariner and a dau. of John Blythman of Plymouth, merchant, m. Sept. 29, 1591, Elizabeth Ryland of Plymouth, 11s. (8 d.v.p.) 7da. (4 d.v.p.), bur. Aug. 16, 1631, sig. Thomas Sherwill. Freeman, Plymouth 1592, mayor 1608-9, 1617-18, 1626-7 … Agreement and counterpart between the Mayor and Commonalty of Plymouth and Mathias Nicholls. By indenture dated Aug. 28 in the 18th year of the present King’s reign, the said Mayor and Commonalty granted to George Chudleighe of Streshleighe, Sampson Hele of Gnaton, and Fraunces Drake of Buckland Monachorum, esquires, the presentation to the vicarage of Plymouth following on the death or retirement of the present vicar, Henry Wallis … Agreement to defray the expenses of an action to be brought against the Customs officials for demanding exorbitant fees:— Signed by all the leading Plymouth merchants of the day: John Blytheman, John Waddon, John Trelawny, Robert Trelawny, Thomas Sherwill, Thomas Fownes, Jo. Battersby, Jno Clement, John Fowell, Wm. Cary, Tho. Reynardson, Abraham Colmer, William Brevys, Leonard Pomerey, Jn. Madocke,Thomas Wolridge, Richard Breamton, Nicholas Sherwill, Robert Rawlyn, John Bound, William Hele, Phido Thomas, John Jope, Moyses Goodyeare, Rich. Raddon, Jerome Roch, Ric. Gayer, John Paige, Thomas Crampporne, Philip Andrew, Johis Harris, Water Carkett, Richard Morhowse. 4 Jan. 1613 … Sir John Hele, Recorder of Plymouth, to the Mayor and Aldermen; the writer yields the place of Recorder to his cousin John Hele, who is a resident of Plymouth.1 Sept. 1606. … The Mayor and Aldermen of Plymouth to Sir John Hele. They acknowledge Sir John’s goodness in offering to relinquish the recordership in his cousin’s interest; but insist that the election must be made in the usual way by a majority of voices, so that no precedent be afforded tending to deprive the burgesses of an important privilege,and cause future recorders to imagine they might appoint their successors. 5 Nov. 1606 … Letter from John Blytheman, Mayor of Plymouth and his brethren, introducing the bearer, Mathew Boys, to John Hele, esq, serjeant-at-law,* who is entreated to aid him in his mission to obtain adequate security for Plymouth in respect to the bequests made by the late Sir John Hawkyns to the poor of the town. 27 Jan., 1598. John Hele, b. c. 1582, 1st s. of Walter Hele of Gnaton and Elizabeth, da. of William Strode of Newnham, Devon.1 educ. Broadgates Hall, Oxf. May 1597, aged 15, m. by 1614, Joan, da. of John Glanville of Kilworthy, j.c.p. 1598-d., 8s. (2 d.v.p.) 5da. (2 d.v.p.). suc. fa. 1609, admon. Dec. 4, 1655. 4 sig. inc. Sampson Hele, John Hele’s br.. … 1620: Thomson’s 6,000 acre Piscataqua Plantation was underwritten, in part, by three Plymouth merchants: Abraham Colmer, Nicolas Sherwill and Leonard Pomeroy, who were each given 1/3rd an interest in 1/4th of the plantation as payment for their assistance. Leonard Pomeroy, a merchant of Plymouth, was the financial backer of Edward Hilton; Pomeroy owned the ship “Providence” in which the Hilton colonists came over. Leonard Pomeroy had no children, but named his four nephews in his will 1628; William, Abraham, John and Thomas. William, the eldest, also had four sons. Leonard Pomeroy was the son William Pommeroy. Will dated Aug. 13, 1580. Proved Jan. 21, 1580-1. To be buried in the Churchyard of St. Andrews Plymouth. To the mawdlyn of Plymouth xijd. To my son William Pomeroy a horse, and all thereunto belonging, and xxs.To my daughter Tamsin Pomeroy iiijl. and my best myddel penne of brasse. To my wife Jane to have the house which I do hold by lease of the deyme of Chapter (etc) and after her death to my sonnes William and Lynnard. To Elizabeth, wife of John Rowe sx. The rest to my wife Jone Pomeroy. sole exectrix. Nicholas Kanne and Thomas Pomeroy my dear friends to be my overseers. Wittnesses John Raw, Will Peryman, Robert Coyming.

xxxxvii. It would be perverse by the emphasis placed on ‘continuation of association’ at this time if David Kempe was not of the Kempes of Lavethan, intermarried with the Pomeroys (one such marrying Thomas Love of Plymouth), and Alice Evans, his wife, was not a sister of Richard Evans of Plymouth. People of the class of English society which I have described moved within an orbit determined by the twin forces of kinship and lordship. The former gave possibility to whom you married; the latter to how and where you made a living.

copyright  m stanhope 2014


At first glance, many associations of Virginia settlers are a confusing mixture, with links to different geographical associations in England, yet, what is being observed are families connected to those in the 'Virginia trade'. A prime example of merchants involved in this trade were consortiums of ship owners and mariners of Devon, Bristol, and London. As an example, the London merchants, Sadler and Quiney, were associates of William Barker, of Bristol, and they patented land in Virginia. Sadler and Quiney were also associated with Governor George Yearwood, of St. Olave's, Southwark, and he to families of Combe, Griffin, Harris, Payne, and Powell, of the same parish. The family of Vassall were also prominently represented in Southwark, notably by Samuel Vassall, incorporator of the Massachusetts Company in 1628, and half-brother of Judith Vassall, the wife of John Jones.

These Southwark associations resonate through the descendants of the said John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London, and point to people being associated through commercial ties, which led to familial associations. The ongoing marriages within English kinship groups in Virginia were a seventeenth-century means of survival.

John Harris and his father-in-law, John Haynie, associated with the will of Robert Jones, of Fleet's Bay, Northumberland County, VA, who died in 1676, were from Devon; John Harris being of the Harris family of Hayne, Devon, and they were much associated with the Paynes and Griffins of St. Olave's, Southwark, which may suggest that the Harris family of that place were a cadet of the Harris of Hayne. However that may be, the connection of Robert Jones to them was through his familial links to the (intermarried) families of Leighe and Burroughs, of Northam, Devon; the former family, however, was not the stem of the Lees who intermarried with the family of Robert Jones, as determined by their respective coats of arms.

John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London,  was a well educated man, fluent in Latin, who would have known his parishioner, 'William Pickerd of Saint Nicholas Acon, City of London' (PROB 11/107/199, March 7, 1606), whose descendants (as Pinchard) intermarried with his.

The descendants of John Jones, and their relationships, can perhaps be best viewed through the prism of his wife's family, the Vassalls: Although John Vassall has been given a French pedigree, stretching back to  ancient nobility, an all too common fabrication in genealogy, his memory would be better served by stating he was a mariner of Lymehouse, London, as recorded in this mortgage of December 1, 1595: 'Mortgage for £100 by Assignment of leases: John Shore, citizen and grocer of London to John Vassall of Lymehowse co. Middlesex, mariner:-- property as DD/P/87/1 (held by J.S. by Leases for 21 and 31 years under the Duchy of Lancaster) and the keepership of Munshull Park (held by J.S. for the life of Henry Cavendyshe of Tutberye, co. Staffs, esq.) --: Recites previous deeds. Witn. Thu. Parkin, Samuell Frysbie, Nicholas Browne' (Notts. Arch. 157 DD/P/87/2).

'He was of Ratcliff, Stepney, and of Eastwood, co. Essex, and was a vestryman of Stepney. He was three times m., first at Stepney on September 25, 1569, to Anna Hewes, who evidently d. sine prole. He then m. on Sept. 4, 1580, at Stepney, Anna Russell, of Ratcliff, co. Middlesex, who d. and was bur. there May 5, 1593, having had the following children : Judith, bapt. March 25, 1582, m. John Freeborne, of Prettlewell, co. Essex, yeoman, whose will dated Jan. 27, 1617-18, was proved by his widow Feb. 17, 1617-18 ; she was living April 29, 1625; John, bapt. at Stepney, April 1, 1584, bur. there Oct. 3, 1585; 2 Samuel, of whom hereafter; John, born March 24, d. Aug. 30, 1591; 3 William, of whom hereafter. On the death of his second wife John Vassall m. Judith, dau. of Stephen Borough, of Stepney (and and Northam, Devon), by Joan Overye, his wife, at Stepney, March 27, 1594, marriage licence dated March 23; she d. in Jan., 1638-9. She had m. firstly Thomas Scott, of Colchester, co. Essex, gent., her husband Vassall predeceased her, and was bur. in Stepney Church Sept. 13, 1625; his will was proved Sept. 13, 1625 (P.C.C., 99 Clarke) (see Dictionary of National Biography, vol. lviii, p. 155). ... Children of third marriage were Thomas, born April 7, 1602, m. at St. Nicholas Acons, London, June 27, 1625, marriage licence dated London, June 25, to Anne Dickenson; he was mentioned in his father's will, April 29, 1625, and was alive Aug. 29, 1650. Anne, born Jan. 10, 1595, bapt. at Stepney, Jan. 10, 1595, m. Rev. John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, of whose estate she was executrix and who d. at Highgate, co. Middlesex, May 14, bur. in St. Nicholas Acons May 15, 1636; will dated April 18, 1636, proved May 3, 1637, in the Consistory of London, 259 Allen; she d. and was bur. in St. Nicholas Acons July 24, 1640; will dated May 9, 1640, proved July 27, 1640 (P.P.C., 104 Coventory). Elizabeth, m. at St. Nicholas Acons, Jan. 20, 1625; licence dated Jan. 10, then aged 17 years, to Henry Church, of Wapping, co. Middlesex, mariner, aged about 22, Jan. 19, 1624-5, living May 9, 1640; she was mentioned in the will of Peter Andrewes, her brother-in-law, of Aug. 29, 1650. Rachel, m. Peter Andrewes, merchant, of London; she was the administratrix of her husband, whose will was dated Aug. 29, 1650, and on which administration was granted Oct. 3, 1650 (P.P.C., 104 Pembroke). Mary, m. Edward West, of Ratcliffe, mariner, who was living Nov. 9, 1638; she was mentioned in the will of her sister Anne, May 3, 1640.

Samuel Vassall, of St. George's, Southwark,  co. Surrey, and of Bedale, co. York, citizen and cloth worker, bapt. at Stepney June 5, 1586, an incorporator of the Massachusetts Company in 1628 and a patentee of lands in Massachusetts. He was M.P. of London in 1639-41, Commissioner of the Plantations in 1642. He m. Frances, the dau. of Abraham Cartwright, of St. Andrew's Undershaft, London, citizen and draper, by Joan his wife, dau. of William Wade, of Bilderson, co. Suffolk, clothier; she is mentioned in the will of her husband's stepsister, Rachael Vassall, Aug. 29, 1650 and had issue: Samuel, d. young sine prole; John, born 1619, m. Mary , and on his death sine prole she m. John Harvey, of Finningley Hall; Abraham, died young; Francis, living in 1667, m. Alice , and had issue Samuel, Francis, Henry, and Elizabeth, all living in 1664: Henry, d. sine prole in 1667, probably in Carolina, administration on his estate was granted to his brothers, Francis and Samuel Vassall, executors of deceased, pending a suit Oct. 3, 1667; Samuel, of St. George's, Southwark, living in 1667, m. April 24, 1660, to Margaret Wray, of St. Andrew's Undershaft, had one son, Samuel, living in 1664; Frances, d. young sine prole, and Mary, of St. George's, Southwark, m. first Robert Arnold, of St. Mary, Aldermary, in Oct.,1661, and on his death she m. secondly Charles Cliffe, who was living in 1667, and by whom she had a son living in 1664' (Charles Maclear Calder, 'John Vassall and his descendants').

Thus, it is most probable that the family of Vassall were 'cousins' of the Harris family of St. Olave's, Southwark: William Harris of St. Olave's, married (May 25, 1643) Elizabeth Arnell, who was very likely related to Anthony Arnell (Arnold), and they to Richard Arnold of London, a grantee of Arms in 1611, and member of the Haberdasher’s Company. The above mentioned Arms - Gules three pheons Argent on a chief of the last bar nebule Azure and for the Crest, a demi tiger Sable seme of bezants holding in his paws a broad arrow Gules feathered and headed Argent - were also entered in an official funeral certificate of 28 July 1621 for the above Richard Arnold 'gentlemen and free of the Haberdashers' who died 22 July 1621 and was buried at St. Martins within Ludgate, London' (A. Colin Cole, Windsor Herald of Arms). Anthony Arnell was a transportee of Thomas Harris, obit. 1672: March 2, 1658: 'Thomas Harris, 1000 acres, Isle of Wight Co. Upon a swamp running into the W. branch of Nansamond Riv., including 2 Indian fields. Trans. of 20 persons: John Hardy, Alexander Vaughn, Ann Lees, William Todd, Eliz. Jones, Mary Wood, John Davis, John Griffin, Fran. Anderson, Jno. Pew, Ann Greene, Eliza. Nusome, Weltin Harris, Anth. Arnold, Sam. Trobury, Alexander Cahill (Nugent, 'Cavaliers and Pioneers', vol. 1, p. 386) ... The link between Anthony Arnell and the Griffin-Harris-Williamson kinship group of St. Olave's, Southwark, is evidenced in these grants: August 23, 1669: 'John Cape, 830 acres New Kent Co. On North West side of Westopher (sic) Path adj. Mr. Math. Hill, to dividing line between this and James City Co., crossing a branch of ... along Mr.Thomas Marston, Mr. Booth, Lt. Col. Henry Gooch, the Rumney Marsh, Mr. Thomas Brereton and Anthony Arnold; 30 acres on East side of sd. Marsh adj. sd. Brereton and Wm. Griffin. Transport of 17 persons, named' (Nugent, ibid., vol. II, pp. 59-60). A significant factor here being that Robert Jones Jr. married Elizabeth Brereton, granddaughter of the said Thomas Brereton, Justice of Northumberland County, and lieutenant-colonel of the militia; the said Robert Jones being the son of Captain William Jones and Margaret Haynes, as follows. On November 18, 1714, Elizabeth Brereton chose Tho. Pinkard as her guardian.

(Steven Borough was born in Northam, Devon, in 1525, and was one of the masters of the Royal Navy. His younger brother, William, was born in 1536, and was Commander of the Golden lion, and a vice admiral of the navy under Sir Francis Drake in 1590. They were the sons of John Burrough, who died in 1570, aged 67, who made Agnes, his daughter, his heir. She married Thomas Leighe, of Northam. William Burrough was the author of 'A Discourse of the Variation of the Compas, or Magneticall Needle' (1581), and some of the charts he made are preserved at the British Museum).

An account of the ensuing relationships stemming from the marriage of Rector John Jones and Judith Vassall is summarised thus:

1. John Vassall: He is mentioned in the the Will of William Borough Esq., alias Burrows, proved November 28, 1598, an abstract being: 'And I give unto Judeth the wife of John Vassall and to Susan the wife of William Kinge, being my said brother's daughters, twenty pounds apiece ... To the poor of Stepney twenty pounds ... To the poor of Northham in Devonshire twenty pounds, to be employed in such sort as my cousin Thomas Leighe and some others of best credit of the said parish shall think fit. I do constitute, ordain and make Sir Henry Palmer, knight, my cousin, Mr. Thomas Leighe and my nephew John Vassall my executors ... '. John Vassall was a subscriber for two shares of stock in the Virginia Company with an investment of £25.10.0 in 1618. He married, firstly, on September 25, 1569, Anne Hewes; secondly, Anne Russell, of Ratcliffe; and, thirdly, Judith Burough, daughter of Stephen Burough and Joan Overye, of Stepney.

(1. Stephen Burrough.
1.1. John Borough (Atborough).
1.1.1. Thomasin Borough, m. John Hernaman.
1.1.2 Agnes Borough, m. Thomas Leigh, d. 1609.
1.2. Walter Borough, m. Mary Dough.
1.2.1. Stephen Borough, 1525-1584 (memorial plaque, St. Mary's Church,Chatham). His first wife was Eleonora, 'daughter of John Smithe of the parish of Clive' in Shropshire (probate records, february 1562, F.R.C., vol. 1, p. 36, f. 182 (1), p. 58). By his second wife, Joan Overye, of Stepney, he was the father of: Judith Borough, m. John Vassall. Anne Vassall, baptised at Stepney, January 10, 1597, bur. at St. Nicholas Acons, July 24, 1640, m. John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London. Reverend John jones, Rector of St. Nicholas Acons, October 27, 1612; Fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge, B.A, 1597; M.A, 1600; B.D, 1607; died at Highgate co. Middlesex, May 14; bur. in St. Nicholas Acons, May 15, 1636. 'John Jones of St. Nicholas Acons, London, clerk', Will proved May 3, 1637: 'To sons Allen Jones, Robert Jones, William Jones, Abraham Jones, Richard Jones, Samuel Jones, Thomas Jones, and Joseph Jones twelve pence apiece. All but Allen jones to have their  proportionate part of my lands which are to be sold. My wife Anne to have a double part and the rest divided  among them (except Allen). Anne to be sole executor' (Consistory Court, London, Allen 259).
1.2.2. William Borough. The Will of William Borowghe Esq., proved 28 November 1598: 'Whensoever it shall please God to call me out of this transitory life (if it be a Limehouse or near London and not far distant off or at the seas) I will that my body shall be buried in the parish church of Stebunheth, near unto the place where my first wife Judith lyeth, or in the Chancell. I covenanted before marriage between and Lady Jane Wentworth now my wife, to convey and assure to her, for term of her life, as for her jointure or in lieu of her dower, so much land as should be of the yearly value of fourscore pounds'. A letter written from Chatham shows he was occupied by 'the great business for the dispatch of Sir Martin Frobisher's ships to the sea ... in commission for the late Portugayle voyage' (BL, Harley MS 6994/104). It mentions too the 'business' (ibid.) of 'getting a good wife'. This was 'Lady Jane Wentworth, widow' (b. c.1541), the third wife of Thomas, Lord Wentworth (d. 1584). The marriage took place on September 8, 1589, at St. Dunstan's, Stepney. His will mentions his first wife, Judith Jones, née Pike* (d. c.1583), a widow of Stepney, whom he had married on November 17, 1571 and at whose side he was buried at St Dunstan's, Stepney. It shows his protestant faith, and that his pastoral concerns ranged from the poor of Stepney, granted £20, and the poor of Northam, also granted £20, to the victims of the Swallow's loss. The will also provided for his brother's widow and her three surviving daughters. The brethren of Trinity House were remembered with £10 towards a dinner. *She was the widow of Robert Jones, mariner, as deduced by his Will, dated May 22, 1570  (PROB/11/53/2), in which he names a son, William, a brother, John, and his wife, Judith, daughter of Thomas Pyke: 'Grant in fee simple to Judith Jones, relict of Robert Jones, Audrey Mershe, wife of John Mershe,* and Mary Pyke, the three sisters and heirs of Christopher Pyke, son and heir of Thomas Pyke ...' (C.P.R. 1571). *Church warden, with William Burrough, of St. Margaret, Lothbury, London. Robert Jones may be assumed to be the grandfather of John Jones, Rector of St. Nicholas Acons, by his son, William, or the said John Jones being the grandson of the brother of Robert Jones. However that may be, the following Richard Jones and John Jones may be presumed to be of the same Jones family: 'Francis Halley, son of Francis Halley, late of London, gent., deceased. Cousin Mary Day £25 and a gold ring and £10 for mourning ; cousin Jane Day ,£25 and a ring. Cousin Richard Day the same. Cousin Catherine Halley £50 and a ring. Cousin Edmund Halley silver watch to be put into his mother's hands and she to give it him when she thinks fitt. Cousin Richard Jones, son of John Jones, my scrutore and all my books. Grandfather Richard Pyke £10 to him and to my grandmother a ring, to her £10 for mourning. Uncle William Pyke £10 and a ring. Cousin Edmund Halley sen'r £10 and a ring, his wife Mary. £10. Residue to Uncle William Pyke. Grandfather Richard Pyke and uncle William Pyke, executors. Dated Oct. 22, 1717. Witnesses: Wm. Cooke, Sam. Hilman, John Hodgkins. Proved Aug. 5, 1718, by William Pyke, power reserved to Richard Pyke' (Commissary Court of London). Robert Jones, the testator of 1570, wrote his Will in the variable spelling of the time, in letters ending in customary loops and flourishes. It was a pious document, well composed, and signed by him, an obviously educated man).

1.1. Anne Vassall, daughter of Judith Burough, born January 10, 1595, buried July 24, 1640, married John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London, who died May 14, 1636.

1.1.1. Robert Jones, died at Fleet's Bay, Northumberland County, Virginia. He is recorded in the registers of St. Nicholas Acons in a baptismal entry of October 22, 1618: 'Robert Jones the sonne of John Jones p'son of this p'ishe'. His brothers are also recorded, an entry of March 26, 1626 recording: 'Thomas Jons the sone of Mr John Jons Rector and Ano his wife'; other entries being: William Jones (1620), and Richard Jones (1621). The registers of St. Nicholas Acons also contain entries for families associated with the Jones in Virginia, such as the baptism of 'John Hewes the Soonne of Richard Hewes' in 1563; and of 'Thomas Dogget ye soonne of Thom: Dogget', on July 24, 1609. Mrs. Martha Jones, the wife of Robert Jones, was mentioned as executrix of Robert Hughes, on April 7, 1677. The Va. Historical Mag. gives an abstract of the Will of Daniel Lluellen, of Chelmsford, Essex, planter, dated February 6, 1663, in which his daughter is named as Martha Jones, and James Jauncey is named an executor (Va. Historical Mag., July, p. 53, 1905).

Mr. Robert Jones died in 1676, his Will being probated on March 1st of that year, naming 'my loving friends Mr. Thomas Haynes and Mr. George Flowers' to be overseers; and witnesses 'Benj. Doggit' and 'Mathew Burrowes'. Mrs. 'Martha Jones exc'rx' was granted administration, her securities being Col. St. Leger Codd and Mr. Jno Harris; her appraisers being 'Mr. John Haynie, Maj. Thos. Brereton, and Mr. Edward Porteus'. Essentially, the colonisation of Virginia was achieved through the recreation of English parishes, complete with the kinship relationships they contained. (John Harris was the son-in-law of John Haynie).

The association of the Jones family with that of Luellin is perhaps explained by the almost certain origin of Sergeant John Harris being St. Olave's, Southwark, also the home of the Newsum, Spencer, and Sheppard families of Virginia, and of associated families heretofore given, which suggests that the family of John Jones, the rector of St. Nicholas Acons, may have had blood kin of this parish, as well as ...

Capt. Daniel Luellin was granted 636 acs. in Chas. City Co., on March 10, 1655, 'on the head of Sherly hundred, commonly known by the name of Rich Levell, E. upon land of Mr. Walter Aston, & N. upon his own land; & 200 acs. in or near Shirly hundred, which was in possession of Edward Gardner, dec'd., N. upon 40 acs. of land purchased of Edward Madison, & S. upon land lately belonging to Serjant John Harris; 63 acs. in Sherly hundred, beg. at land of sd. Luellins ... next towards Sherly hundred maine. 270 acs. by patent dated 26 Oct. 1650; 200 acs. by patent 11 July 1653; 63 acs. purchased of Dorothy Baker, the relict of John Baker (Barker, relative of William Barker, aforementioned); 63 acs. purchased of Michael Turpin ... (Nugent, C&P, vol. 1, p. 317). Captain William Jones, husband of Sarah Jauncey. On March 21, 1694, the three brothers Capt. Wm. Jones, Samuel and Robert, united in a suit against Mr. Jno. Eustace for trespassing. Samuel Jones died in October of 1697 without male issue, and a few months after, Capt. Wm. Jones was appointed administrator of his deceased brother, and petitioned the court to appoint as appraisers Hancock Lee, Chas. Lee, Jno. Curtis, Thos. Curtis, and James Haynes. Robert Jones had married Elizabeth Brereton. Captain Willam Jones, who died in 1741, in Northumberland Co., married Leeanna Lee, dau. of Charles Lee, Sr. and Elizabeth Medstand. Charles Lee was the son of Richard Lee and Anne Constable, and a very strong indication of his association to the Lees of Coton, Shropshire, is evidenced by several members of that family also having residence in St. Olave's, Southwark, from whence many of this account originated or had connection. William Jones, of Faquier County, Virginia. His Will was proved December 22, 1800 (W.B. 3, p.320), naming wife Mary, sons James and William, and daughters Cary, Hannah, Sarah, and Lucretia. William Jones was a tenant of Col. Robert H. Lee: Lease between Col. R. H. Lee of Westmoreland Co and William Jones ... for yearly rent of 247 acres ... Signed Richard Henry Lee. Recorded May 24, 1764 (Fauquier Co. D.B. 2, pp. 1-33, April 9.1764). William Jones, of Bourbon and Warren counties, Kentucky, married Elizabeth Shanks, widow of Daniel Gillespie, and daughter of Christian Shanks, whose estate was assessed by Thomas Strother. The Strothers were also associated with the descendants of George Jones of Rappahannock, who might reasonably be presumed to be of close association of Thomas Jones, as follows, brother of Robert Jones Sr. of Fleet's Bay. Elizabeth Jones, married Thos. Haynes.

1.1.2. Thomas Jones. In 1664, Thomas Ligon patented land adjacent to the land of Thomas Jones which lay along Powell’s Creek, in Bermuda Hundred. In January 1662, Thomas Jones claimed headrights for nine people, including William Flowers, of Bristol: June 20, 1668: 'Know all men by these presents that I Walter Baker of Bristoll, wollens draper, have nominated and appointed my loving freind Wm. Morgan of ye Citty of Bristoll, mercht. my true and lawfull attorney for me to sue, receive and recover of Wm. Flower, late of ye Cittie of Bristoll and now of Wickocomicoe or thereabouts in ye Country of Virginia, farmer'. March 8, 1663: 'Job Edmonds bound to pay unto Wm. Flower or his assignees, 'the full sume of two thousand six hundred and fourty pounds wt. of sound merchantable tobacco in caske at or before the 10th day of November next ... As security he promises to bind over the plantacon I now live on in Wiocomococ ... being two hundred acres of land ... Wit.: Jo. Haynie, Andrew Pettigrew' (Virginia County Court Records: Deed and Will Abstracts of Northumberland County, Virginia, 1666–1670, p. 41). Northumberland County Court, convened on May 20, 1685: 'A Commission of Administration is granted John Flowers of the Estate of his deceased father William Flowers, he giving security for his due Administration to Law. Bond: John Flowers, Mr. John Harris, and Mr. Ebenezer Sanders do oblige themselves jointly and separately in the penal sum of thirty thousand pounds of tobacco and cask to the Justices of this County, that the said Flowers shall duly administer upon his deceased father's estate and exhibit an inventory therof according to law'. Thomas Jones, married Mary Repps; she married 2. Edward Skerme. 'We Mary Skerm of Bermooda Hundred, Henrico Co., and Thomas Jones, my son, agree to peacably occupy land which was my husband’s, Thos. Jones, dec’d, bounded by the river and the high road, called The Hundred Path, equally. Mary Skerme to hold the part joining the creek toward Wm Ligon, and Thomas Jones, the part joining the swamp, next to Edward Stratton'. Rec. Aug. 1684. Elizabeth Jones, married Philip Turpin. Martha Jones, married 1. John Branch, 2. Thomas Osborne.

1.2. William Vassall, mother Anne Russell.

1.2.1. Anne Vassall, married, before July 1655, Nicholas Ware of Rappahannock County, merchant, who was named executor of the will of her father.

1.2.2. John Vassall, appears as a headright in the land patents of Virginia on August 20, 1650; 560 a. described as 'Lyeing upon the third swamp SW by W from Henry White's plantation'. Other headrights included: Wm. Batts, associated with William Powell, of St. Olave's, Southwark, and Richard Walton, whose family had imtermarried with the Underwoods of the same place. John Vassall was chosen as guardian, on February 24, 1670, by his nephew, John Ware, who was: 'Major John Weire of Rappahannock Co., Va: 'To wife Honoria, dower rights' (Maryland Wills, Liber 9, folio 78). By September, 1684, his widow had married George Jones of Rappahannock, and was acting as Administratix of Jones' estate (Rappahannock DB, 1683-1686, p. 40). George Jones had been a co-administrator in 1679 with Amory Butler of the estate of Col. John Catlett, husband of of Elizabeth Underwood, sister of Col. Wm. Underwood, whose widow, Elizabeth, had married Archdale Combs, of St. Olave's, Southwark. George Jones was the father of John Jones: 'In the Name of God Amen. I John Jones of Richmond County, Smith ... Item: I give unto my loving wife Ann Jones two feather beds ... I give to my son John Jones one hundred and fifty two acres of land which I bought of Nathanl Vickars ... I give to my son George one Negro man named Tom ... I give to my son Richard Jones my dwelling plantation and land thereto belonging to bind upon the south side of the western branch of Muddy Creek ... I give to my son Edward Jones ye plantation whereon he lives to him and his heirs forever and a suit of clothes' (King George County, W.B. A, 1721-1752, p. 37). His son, John Jones: 'Know all men we James Grant and Catherine his wife Parish of Brunswick King George County are bound unto James Hewett ... in sum one hundred pounds current money of Virginia ... 24th January 1743. Condition ... that whereas Catharine wife to the sd Grant & Relict of John Jones by the will of John Jones deceased has some pretension to land given by said Jones will to his son John Jones by him sold to William Flowers .. and by said Flowers sold to said James Hewett .. and whereas Grant and Catharine .. being unwilling to engage themselves in a doubtful Law suit do therefore ... for sum Twenty shillings current money ... oblige themselves to make a good title ... Presence Nicholas Strother, James Grant, James Strother, Anth. Haynie, Catharine Grant. At a court held 4th January 1744 . .. Bond recorded. This 24th January wee the subscribers do testify that we heard Catharine Grant, Mother to John Jones, that sold his land to William Flowers say that her son was twenty one years old & upwards near 22 years of age at time of sale ... Nicholas Strother, James Jones, Anth. Haynie, James Strother'.

John Jones held a Crown stipend. He would have relied on two elected churchwardens to run the day-to-day business of his parish, who were usually educated members of the local elite. A common sermon of Puritan clerics involved with those emigrating to Virginia was from the seventh chapter of the second book of Samuel: 'I will appoint a place for my children Israel, and I will plant them'. John Jones may have encouraged his congregation to become 'trees of rightiousness' in the new land, wishing that his descendants followed this dictum.

copyright m stanhope 2015


Here followeth the names of the 24 men chosen nominated and appointed the first of Decembr in the yeare of our Lord God 1576 by the consent & agremt of the Pishoners of Northam for appointinge ordering and disposing of all things and matters whatsoever concerning or in anywise appertaining to or for the church matters there and the general beho of use and commoditye of the whole Pishe. William Leighe, ffrancis Yeo, John Byshoppe, John Willett, William Clowe, John Upcott, John Dothacotte, William Blackmore, William Chaple, William Vallett, Thoms Leigh, John Braunton, Peter Boroughe, Thoms Whiston, John Tracye, Willm Wolridge, John Blackmore, Peter Collemore, John Whipton, Mark Dothecote, Willm Heard, John Titherleighe, Richard Bennett, William Bennett.


                                                                                                                       JONES NOTES

 These are accompanying notes to those concerning Robert Jones of Fleet's Bay.

1.Robert Jones, mariner, as deduced by his Will, dated May 22, 1570 (PROB/11/53/2), in which he names a son, William, a brother, John, and his wife, Judith, daughter of Thomas Pyke.
1.1. William Jones. Captain of 'the Crane', an English navy ship that patroled the English Channel in 1602, replacing Thomas Mansell (Dr. C. S. Knighton, Professor David Loades, eds. The Navy of Edward VI and Mary I, p. 473, 2011), a likely younger brother of Sir Robert Mansell, vice-admiral of England, who mentions 'Capt. Jones' in his tract of 1602, “A true report of the service done upon certain gallies passing through the narrow seas; written to the Lord High Admirall of England, by Sir Robert Mansell, Knight, Admiral of Her Majesty's forces in that place". The contributor of Archaeologia Cambrensis (1873), in which this is published, either assumed Capt. Jones to be of the Jones family of Fonmon, being from the same locality as the Mansells and having their patronage, or knew some detail of a kinship link which he did not specify. Robert Mansell served in the 1596 raid on Cadiz under the Earl of Essex, 'the Crane' being deployed in this action.
1.1.1. John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London, m. Anne Vassal, will pr. 27 july 1640 - 'to son William Jones my little gilt silver tankard which my husband's father took in Cadiz'. The families to which John Jones was allied through marriage were much connected to the English Navy: Stephen Burough's brother, William, served Elizabeth I., being " Controller of Her Navy at Sea," 1583; and as second in command to Drake in the expedition to Cadiz, 1587. John Jones's father-in-law, John Vassell, fitted out at his own expense, and commanded, two ships: the 'Samuel' and 'Little Toby', with which he joined the English Navy to oppose the Spanish Armada. It only remains to discover a kinship connection between the Jones and Mansell families which explains the patronage of the latter of the former. Such patronage, it can be noted, being allied to the purchasing of English Navy commissions.

I have commenced the following genealogical summary with what is probably more true than not, and a factor which strongly suggests this is the repeated intermarriages of the same families over time - a kinship group in operation, promoting and protecting wealth within its member families.

A factor of Welsh genealogies is their oral tradition, which passed down details of ancestry through the medium of collective memory. This was made more easy through the Welsh practice of naming yoursel as 'the son of', as in the example, given as follows, of Einion ap Llywarch being described as 'ap Cynhaethwy ap Gwrwared ap Seisyllt ap Rhun ap Llywarch ap Rhiryd ap Mor ap Pasgen'. Such recitals tended to be static and conservative, with information being easily checked for alteration within the collective memory-world. A Welsh term for this recitational learning was  cyfarwyddyd (cer-var-with-id), a word now mwaning 'instructions', but in the medieval period probably meant 'testimony'. The testimonial nature of Welsh genealogies, censored only by collective memory, were more likely accurate than English ones which were often 'composed' by lords to support a claim to ancient status.

These notes commence with the genealogical 'cyfarwyddyd' of Catherine Morgan, wife of Henry Jones, of Abermarlais. They follow Bartrum, and other modern authorities, who augment the work of Dwnn and other bygone genealogists with a critical analysis, that filters out the confounding of two people with the same name, through historical benchmarks.

                                                                                                   CATHERINE FERCH ROWLAND AP WILLIAM

1. Howell Ap Guillem (br. Thomas Ap Guillem, m. Maud Morley, dau of Sir John Morley; had issue: William Ap Thomas, who m. 2. Gwladys, daughter of Sir Dafydd Gam - she the relict of 1. Sir Roger Vaughan, 2. William Thomas - had issue  William Herbert, 1st E. Pembroke (The Complete Peerage vol. x, p. 400, note b).
1.1. Jenkin Ap Howell, m. Constance v. Roger Vychan (Vaughan).
1.1.1. David Ap Jenkin, m. Margaret Huntley. Thomas Ap David, m. Margaret Kemys. John Ap Thomas, of Treowen, m. 1. (1481) Anne v. David ap Gwillim Morgan, Esq., of Arxton, Herefordshire William Jones, m.1. Constance Morgan, dau. of Thomas Morgan, Esq., and sister of Rowland Morgan, Esq. of Macliin Issue: John, his heir; William; Charles; and Walter. William Jones, m.2. Anne, dau. of Sir Walter Hawley, Knt. of Sussex, and by her had Philip, of London, and Llanarth; John; and Elizabeth. William Jones, m.3. Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Herbert, Esq. of Penkully, and had another son, namely, William, and a dau., Blanch, who m. Rowland Morgan, Esq. of Machen, and conveyed the estate of Castle Arnold to the Morgans (John Burke, Heraldic Dictionary, 1847). Blanche Jones, m. Rowland Morgan. Catherine Morgan, m. Henry Jones, of Abermarlais, b. 1532, 1st. s. of Sir Thomas Jones of Abermarlais* by his 2nd w. Mary, da. of James Berkeley of Thornbury, Glos., wid. of Thomas Perrot of Haverfordwest, Pemb.; bro. of Richard Jones and half-bro. of Sir John Perrot. m. (1) by 1553, Elizabeth (d. 10 Aug. 1571), da. of Matthew Herbert of Cogan Pill, Glam., at least 1s. Sir Thomas; (2) Eleanor, da. of Henry, 2nd Earl of Worcester, wid. of Sir Roger Vaughan of Porthaml, Brec.; (3) 31 Aug. 1584, Elizabeth, da. of Sir John Salusbury of Lleweni, Denb., wid. of John Salesbury of Rûg, Merion. At least 1s. illegit, Kntd. 1553; suc. fa. 1558/9.2 (The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1509-1558, ed. S.T. Bindoff). *s. of John ap Thomas ap Gruffydd of Abermarlais by Eleanor, da. of Thomas Vaughan of Brodorddyn, Carm. Bindoff states that Sir Thomas Jones of Abermarlais had 'at least three sons', repeating Dwnn, Vis. Wales, i., 189, 222).

Sir Henry Johnes of Abermarlais, Sheriff of Carmarthen, m. Elizabeth Herbert of Castell Trefaldwyn, dau. of  Matthew Herbert, and Mary Gamage, of Coity, Pen-y-Bont Ar Ogwr, Morgannwg, dau. of Sir Thomas Gamage and Margaret St. John of Swansea. Matthew Herbert was the brother of Cecilia Herbert, who m. Sir Thomas Morgan, High Sheriff of Monmouth. Knighted at the Siege of Boulogne, January 20, 1544, they the issue of Sir George Herbert of Swansea and Elizabeth de Berkeley, of Beverstone Castle. Sir Thomas Morgan was the son of Sir William Morgan and Florence Brydges, sister of  Anne Bridges (being daus. of Sir Giles Brydges), second wife of Sir Rhys Mansell, of Oxwich Castle & Beaupre, later of Margam Abbey, b. January 25, 1487, d. April 10, 1559, who purchased Margam abbey from the Crown (De Gray Birch , Catalogue). He m. 1. (May 17,1511) Eleanor Bassett, dau of James Bassett of Beaupre by Katherine, dau of Simon Mathew of Llandaff; they the father of Sir Edward Mansell, of Penrice, Oxwich, and Margam, who m. Jane Somerset, daughter of Henry, 2nd earl of Worcester; their son being Sir Robert Mansell, vice-admiral of England, one of ten sons, who m. 1. Elizabeth Bacon, dau of Sir Nicholas Bacon, the lord keeper. a brother of Sir Robert Mansel, Francis Mansel, m. Catherine, dau, of Henry Morgan.

His early naval career is not recorded, but he served in the 1596 raid on Cadiz under the Earl of Essex, commanding HMS Vanguard, and was knighted for his part in it. He married secondly, in 1617, Anne, daughter of Sir. John Roper, and one of the queen’s maids of honour (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 18 Nov. 1616, 15 March 1617). 

In 1602, Sir Robert printed what is now a rare tract, entitled “A true report of the service done upon certain gallies passing through the narrow seas; written to the Lord High Admirall of England, by Sir Robert Mansel, Knight, Admiral of Her Majesty's forces in that place.” On the frontispiece is a large woodcut of a ship of the line, in full sail, at each mast head on a small square flag a plain cross, and on the poop flagstaff a large ensign of the arms of the Lord High Admiral, the Earl of Nottingham, being Howard, Brotherton, Warren, and Mowbray, with a mullet over all. Sir Robert puts forth this statement, because false accounts have been published of the proceedings, ignoring Her Majesty's ship and himself. It seems that on the 23rd of Sept. 1600-1, Sir Robert was in command of the “Hope,” with the “Advantage,” Capt. Jones (probably of Fonmon), and two Dutch consorts, men of war, besides two fly-boats. The other ships of his squadron had been dispatched on special service, especially the “Advice,” Capt. Bredgate, which was in the Downs. Sir Robert's duty was to intercept certain gallies, expected to be coming from the west, for the ports of Dunkirk, Niewport, or Sluys. With this view he stood S.E. across the channel towards France, somewhat E. of the Goodwins, and much nearer to the French coast. The “Advantage” was to his starboard or weather side and the other ships beyond her. While thus sailing they sighted six gallies to the N.W., shifted their course to cut them off, and gained upon them. The two fly-boats were nearest to the gallies and no match for them, but the heavy metal of the “Hope” made the gallies afraid to attack. They went about, used their oars, and ran down the English coast, having the best of it in speed. Their object clearly was to escape out of sight, and then cross the channel for Dunkirk. Sir Robert dispatched the “Advice” to Calais roads to warn the Dutchmen lying there to look out, and as he continued the chase he fired great guns to call the attention of the “Answer” to what was going forward. As the gallies neared the Downs and came within sight of the “Answer,” Sir Robert made for the south end of the Goodwins and there lay to, explaining to his men in a speech from the poop his reason for doing so. This was that if thegallies continued off the English coast they would probably, without his aid, be taken or run ashore; but that if they ran out to sea his presence would be necessary to cut them off. Accordingly the gallies seem to have fallen into the trap, to have left their pursuers behind, and to have been sighted on their course across by Sir Robert, who disabled one, but was prevented from taking her by the necessity for attacking the rest. The result was, that of the six two were run down or stemmed and sunk, two were wrecked off Niewport, and two seem to have reached Dunkirk, though so damaged as to be past ordinary repairs. As the sort of general engagement that ended the affair took place after dark, there was much uncertainty as to how much each ship contributed to the victory, and the Dutchmen, who probably had the best of it, claimed it; but Sir Robert maintained that really the victory was due to him, since he waylaid the gallies, which would otherwise have made their port, certainly crippled one, and as certainly delayed the rest until the Dutchmen came up with them. He seems to have shown a sound perception of the duties of a commander-in-chief, and to have postponed any desire for personal distinction to the general duty of bringing about the destruction of the enemy (Archaeologia Cambrensis 234 1873).

The Fonmon family of Jones refers to Colonel Philip Jones (1618 – 5 September 1674), who was a Welsh military leader and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1650 and 1656. He rose to the rank of Colonel in the service of the Parliamentary Army under Fairfax during the English Civil War. As Governor of Swansea he successfully held the town against the Royalist forces. Jones was born at the Great House, Swansea, the son of David Johns of Swansea and Penywaun Llangyfelach. He became Parliamentarian governor of Swansea on November 17, 1645, and was governor of Cardiff by 1649. In 1646, he was a colonel in the Parliamentary army (Williams, William Retlaw, The parliamentary history of the principality of Wales, from the earliesr times to the present day, 1541-1895, pp. 97-98, 1885).


1. Pasgen, Lord of Gower. Peter Bartrum concluded the Pasgen of Gower must have been born c. 850 and was simply mistaken for the much earlier man of that name.[ P.C. Bartrum "Early Welsh Genealogical Tracts", 1966, pp 141]. The following table shows estimated dates of birth.
2. 880, Ynyr ap Pasgen.
3. 910, Mor ap Ynir.
4. 940, Rhiryd ap Mor.
5. 975, Llywarch ap Rhiryd.
6. 1010, Rhun ap Llywarch.                               
7. 1040, Seisyll ap Rhun.                             
8. 1070, Gwrwared ap Seisyll.      
9. 1100, Cynhaethwy ap Gwrwared.    
10. 1130, Llywarch ap Cynhaethwy.     
11. 1165, Einion ap Llywarch "ap Cynhaethwy ap Gwrwared ap Seisyllt ap Rhun ap Llywarch ap Rhiryd ap Mor ap Pasgen" (West Wales Historical Records, vol ii, p. 12).
12. 1195, Gronwy ap Einion.         
13. 1225, Rhys ap Gronwy.           
14. 1260, Elidyr ap Rhys, alive in 1302 when fined for withdrawing a lawsuit laid before the hundred court in Dinefwr(Public Records Office, SC2/215/17 m.2 (1302-3) reproduced in "West Wales Historical Records", vol 1, p 185).
15. 1295, Elidyr ap Elidyr.
16. 1325, Philip ap Elidyr, married Gwladys (1330) ferch Dafydd Fras (1295) ap Einion Goch (1265) ap Einion Fychan (1235) ap Einion Goeg (1200) ap Rhiwallon (1165) ap Bleddri (1130) ap Rhys (1095) ap Bleddri ap (1065) Cadifor Fawr (Pen. 131, 140,220, 273, 295, 316). He was one of the attorneys deputed in 1362 to deliver Carreg Cennen castle to John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, into whose service he passed (Calendar of Close Rolls, 1360-4, 418), and he was paid by the duke in 1386 and the following year, presumably for other important functions he had performed (PRO, Duchy of Lancaster, Rentals and Surveys, 15/1 m.3; /2 m.2).
17. 1355, Nicholas ap Philip, married Jonet  ferch Gruffud ap Llywelyn. His brother Gwilym ap Philip was important enough for his knowledge of the lordship of Llandovery to be sought in 1391 when its descent was investigated at Carmarthen following the death of the title holder, and he was receiver of the lordship of Kidwelly until 1401. Gwilym married Gwladus, the daughter of Henry Dwnn, and he became a prominent supporter of Glyn Dwr’s revolt and fought alongside his father-in-law for at least the years 1401-03 (R.R.Davies, Glyn Dwr, pp.232, 273-4). Later Gwilym’s son Rhys joined his cousin Gruffud ap Nicholas in acting as deputy-constable of Dinefwr castle in 1429.
18. 1385, Gruffudd ap Nicholas, married Mabli Dwnn, daughjter of Gruffud Dwnn;  the epithet Dwn, meaning dusky or dark, of Penallt (head of the hillside) near Kidwelly in the south west of Carmarthenshire, where Gruffud Dwnn witnessed charters between 1340 and 1358. He led 350 Welshmen in the retinue of the earl of Lancaster in the 1340s. The family also held Croesallgwn, from where Gruffud made a gift of lands to Carmarthen priory in 1364 (Historic Carmarthenshire Homes, pp. 44, 145). The family bore arms Azure, a wolf salient Argent (on a blue shield a silver wolf leaping). Gruffud’s son Henry Dwnn served under John of Gaunt in France in 1369, and became Gaunt’s steward or chief officer of the lordship of Kidwelly in 1388-9. Henry also served in Ireland with Richard II in 1394-5. Nevertheless, he became a very prominent supporter of the rebellion of Owain Glyn Dwr, and led the attacks on Dinefwr and Kidwelly castles in 1403, for which he was outlawed and fined 400 marks. The chief historian of the Glyn Dwr revolt has summarized Henry's audacious support for the revolt and his amazing resilience and survival instinct, with the result that his lands were restored to him in 1413 in return for a very large fine of £200, which he managed never to pay. Henry's son Maredudd is much less well known than his father and may have died as a young man. He is known primarily through his daughter Mabli Dwnn, who married Gruffud ap Nicholas, and his two sons Owain and Gruffudd. R.R. Davies contrasts the two brothers to their grandfather after the failure of the Glyn Dwr revolt as they began ”clambering their way back to favour and power” (Glyn Dwr, p.313). Others may see them as no different from their grandfather who had also fought for the king as a younger man and was restored to power in 1413, but was then too close to the end of his life, and too powerful, to bother about ‘favour’. They were all representative of their times, and there were plenty of similar examples. Owain Dwnn, brother of Mabli, apparently had good relations with her husband. In 1446 Owain held a court at Carreg Cennen castle with his brother-in-law Gruffud ap Nicholas, who is said to have composed verses in his honor. Owain lived at Mudlescwm near the Dwnn family home at Penallt, but through his wife Catherine Wogan he also owned Picton castle in Pembrokeshire. Their son Henry succeeded to both estates, but he supported the Yorkists during the Wars of the Roses and was killed at Banbury in 1469, listed as Henry Dwnn of Picton (Evans p.108). His estate was split between his two daughters, Joan and Jenet. Joan married Thomas ap Philip of Cilsant, and they became the founders of the Philipps family, who still own Picton castle. The other daughter Jenet Dwnn inherited Mudlescwm and married the attorney Trahaearn Morgan, the son of Morgan ap Jenkin of Pencoed castle in Monmouthshire. This Trahaearn was the son of Morgan's second wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir David Mathew. Mabli’s eldest brother Gruffudd Dwnn had been present with his grandfather at the siege of Kidwelly castle but had been pardoned in 1413, though he and his brother Owain still had not paid the fine in 1439, and they secured its cancellation five years later.  He had redeemed the family honor in English eyes by his distinguished war record as a man-at-arms at Agincourt in 1415 and as a lieutenant up to 1443, including his action in 1440 which led to the capture of Harfleur (Griffiths, Principality, p.201; Evans p.32). He acquired lands in France and traded with that country, importing Gascon wines into Carmarthen.  He married an English woman, Joan Scudamore, when it became legal for a mixed marriage of Welsh and English.  Interestingly, Joan was not wholly English, as her mother Alice was the daughter of Owain Glyn Dwr (Jones, Historic Carms Homes, p.145). Gruffudd Dwnn had four sons, all of whom fought with him in France. As a Yorkist his son Robert was a servant of Edward IV, and in 1471 was appointed Constable of Cardigan castle for life. Gruffudd’s younger son John Dwnn became the most widely known and most distinguished member of the Dwnn family. Griffiths has summarized his very successful career (Principality, pp.187-8, 203,277). He fought for the future Edward IV at Mortimer’s Cross in 1461, and was rewarded by being appointed Constable of Carmarthen and Aberystwyth castles, and in that capacity he defeated an uprising with the help of Sir Roger Vaughan of Tretower. Gruffud surpassed his ancestors by becoming the most powerful of the king’s subjects in west Wales, and Griffiths describes his career in “Gruffudd ap Nicholas and the Rise of the House of Dinefwr” (NLWJ, pp. 256-268). He began by being appointed in 1415 to collect money from the sale of escheated lands in Iscennen, i.e. lands that had reverted to the king on the death of a landholder without heirs, and from 1416 an increasing number of offices and leases of land and profits came his way. From 1433 he acted as deputy to Edmund Beaufort as steward of Kidwelly, and it was probably due to Beaufort’s influence that he received English denizenship. His connection with Dinefwr castle had begun in 1425, when he became approver of the royal demesnes there. In 1429 he was acting as joint Constable, and in 1440 he secured a lease on favorable terms of the lordship of Dinefwr and the town of Newton, which he held until 1456. John Davies calls him “the most powerful of the Welsh gentry of his day” (p.209). Evans calls him “a remarkable character who dominated West Wales in the middle of the fifteenth century,” and says he “was intensely national, and in his generous patronage of the bards he faithfully mirrors the Welsh aristocracy of his day” (p.15). To rise to power he made himself indispensable to successive holders of high office (primarily Englishmen) who had little time to devote to their Welsh duties during the troubled reign of Henry VI. He deputized much of the time between 1443 and 1456 in the major role of Justiciar of south Wales, the political and judicial head of royal government, responsible to the king. During this period he built up vast landholdings in Carmarthenshire and Cardiganshire, and many Welshmen complained to the king’s Council of his abuse of power, but Henry VI was too weak to take effective act. Gruffud was also eulogized by the poets, Lewis Glyn Cothi describing him as the ”Constantine of great Carmarthen.” He is credited with having summoned and presided over an eisteddfod at Carmarthen in 1453 at which the Twenty-four Metres of Welsh prosody were agreed upon. He considered Carmarthen Castle as his own home (J. Davies, p. 210). His power was curbed after the Yorkist victory at St Albans in 1455, but he was still the main supporter of the Lancastrians in south Wales when Queen Margaret sent her husband’s step-brother Edmund Tudor there in 1456 to re-establish the power of the crown. Gruffud may have seen Edmund as a rival, and they were reported in letters of the Paston family as personal enemies (Evans p.55; Griffiths, Welsh History Review, vol. II, p.225). But if he committed any offenses, he and his sons Owain and Thomas received a full pardon from the new government of the Queen by 1456, according to Griffiths (p. 226).

19. 1415, Thomas ap Gruffudd, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Gruffydd of Abermarlais, lord of Llansadwrn and of lands in Cardiganshire. Her family was important in Welsh history, one ancestor having commanded Welsh troops in the French wars including Crecy in 1346, and been knighted. More importantly, the family descended from Ednyfed Fychan, seneschal of Llywelyn the Great, and Gwenllian, the daughter of the LORD RHYS, as did the Tudor family (J.Davies p.140). After Elizabeth’s death, Thomas married Jonet Malephant, sister of his brother Owain’s wife Alswn (Griffiths, Sir Rhys, p. 28).
20. 1449 - 1525, Sir Rhys ap Thomas. In 1461, when Rhys ap Thomas was twelve or thirteen, a Lancastrian army raised in Wales under Jasper Tudor, the Earl of Pembroke, moved into England but was defeated at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross by Edward, Earl of March (the eldest son of Richard of York who had been killed a few weeks before. Rhys's grandfather Gruffydd ap Nicholas was killed in the battle. Within a few weeks, Edward had been proclaimed King Edward IV, and the main Lancastrian armies were crushed at the Battle of Towton in Yorkshire. Some Lancastrians, including Rhys's father Thomas, continued to resist in Wales. Thomas and his brother Owain defended Carreg Cennen Castle near Llandeilo. They were forced to surrender in 1462 after a siege. The victorious Yorkists demolished the castle to prevent it being used as a Lancastrian stronghold again. The lands of the defeated Lancastrians were confiscated, and Thomas, with the young Rhys, went into exile at the court of Philip the Good, the Duke of Burgundy. Thomas and Rhys returned to Wales in 1467, and reacquired at least some of their former lands. This was during a period which included the Readeption of Henry VI, when many former Lancastrians regained their lands, and contrived to keep them even after the subsequent victory of Edward IV in 1471. Thomas died in 1474. Rhys's two elder brothers had already died, and Rhys inherited his father's estates. In 1483, Edward IV died. His son, Edward V was still a minor. Edward's surviving brother Richard of Gloucester and the Duke of Buckingham moved to prevent the unpopular relatives of Elizabeth Woodville, Edward's Queen, from sharing in power or even dominating the government during the young King's minority. Rhys had declined to support Buckingham's uprising. In the aftermath, when Richard appointed officers to replace those who had joined the revolt, he made Rhys ap Thomas his principal lieutenant in south west Wales and granted him an annuity for life of 40 marks. Rhys was required to send his son Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas to the King's court at Nottingham as a hostage, but he excused himself from this obligation by claiming that nothing could bind him to his duty more strongly than his conscience. He is supposed to have taken an oath that "Whoever ill-affected to the state, shall dare to land in those parts of Wales where I have any employment under your majesty, must resolve with himself to make his entrance and irruption over my belly". Henry's and Rhys's forces marched separately through Wales, with Rhys recruiting 500 men as he proceeded. On 22 August, they met Richard's army near Market Bosworth. In the resulting Battle of Bosworth Richard and his companion knights charged directly at Henry. The king was unhorsed and surrounded. The poet Guto'r Glyn implies that Rhys himself was responsible for killing Richard, possibly with a poll axe. Referring to Richard's emblem of a boar, the poet writes that Rhys "killed the boar, shaved his head" ("Lladd y baedd, eilliodd ei ben").[ Griffith, Ralph, Sir Rhys ap Thomas and his family: a study in the Wars of the Roses and early Tudor politics, University of Wales Press, 1993, p.43]. However, this may only mean that one of Rhys's Welsh halberdiers killed the king, since the Burgundian chronicler Jean Molinet, says that a Welshman struck the death-blow with a halberd.[ibid.] Guto'r Glyn himself says that Rhys was "like the stars of a shield with the spear in their midst on a great steed" ("A Syr Rys mal syr aesaw, Â’r gwayw’n eu mysg ar gnyw mawr"). He was knighted on the field of battle (E. A. Rees, A Life of Guto'r Glyn, Y Lolfa, 2008, p. 212.)  Richard III's wounds match medieval Welsh poem description.  After Henry VII made his eldest son Arthur the Prince of Wales, he sent the boy to Ludlow castle under Sir Rhys’s guardianship. Rhys recovered the Dinefwr estates, which his descendants continued to hold apart from a few breaks (their mansion stands near the ruins of Dinefwr castle). What Henry VII recognized in Rhys ap Thomas was that combination of military prowess, influence in south and west Wales, and personal loyalty in a crisis which had been crucial to Henry’s seizure of the throne in August 1485. It underpins the testimonial in the Anglica Historia of Polydore Vergil, who could easily have encountered Rhys face to face at the court of the first two Tudor monarchs: to the Italian historian employed by Henry VII, Rhys seemed ‘a man noted for strength of will and military experience’, ‘an excellent leader in war’ (Hay, Polydore Vergil, pp.52, 97). A little later, Richard Grafton ranked him as one of Henry’s counselors ‘as well circumspect as wise’ (Grafton, p.550). His motto, ‘Secret et Hardy’, still to be seen on his Garter plate in St George’s Chapel, Windsor, seems particularly apt. 
21. 1475, John Rhys ap Thomas ap Gruffydd, of Abermarlais. He m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Vychan, of Bredwardine (see Vaughun of Tre’rtwr), and had a son, Sir Thomas ap John, or Johnes, of Abermarlais and Haroldston, Sheriff of the co. of Carm. 1541, and Card. 1544, first Kt. of the Shire in Parliament for the co. of Pemb. He obtained Haroldston in the latter co. by his second wife, dau. and h. of James Berkeley, and widow of Thomas Perrot, Kt. of Haroldston. Sir Thomas Johnes was s. by his son, Sir Henry (Sheriff for Carm. 1574) who m. Elizabeth, dau. of Matthew Herbert, Esq., of Swansea, and had issue Sir Thomas Johnes, Kt., of Abermarlais (Sheriff for Carm. 1589 and 1603), who by his wife Jane, dau. and h. of Rowland Puleston, Esq., of Carnarvonshire.
22. 1505, Sir Thomas ap John, or Johnes, m. 2nd w. Mary, da. of James Berkeley of Thornbury, Glos. (Sir Thomas Johnes married, firstly, Elisabeth, dau. of Sir Edward Dwnn (by Ann, daughter of Sir John Verney, and grand-daughter of Sir John Dwnn, of Abercyfor and Cwrt Pibwr, and Elisabeth his wife, daughter of Lord Hastings, by whom he had issue, two daughters, coheiresses of their mother. 1. Ann Johnes married John Cotton, of Whittington or Wellington, co. Gloucester, by whom he had issue. 2. Frances Johnes, 2nd coheiress, m. Ralph Lee, of Saunderton, Bucks.Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), clxxx, 7; Feet of F. Bucks. East. 2 Eliz.; Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 117, no. 7.Their son and heir was Edward Donne Lee, whose had issue at least three sons. including twin sons, one, also named Edward Lee, is described on entering Magdalen College, Oxford in 1589 as of Buckinghamshire, but on entering Lincoln’s Inn in 1592 as of Carmarthenshire, while the other,  Henry Lee, carried on the line at Pibwr, near Carmarthen (Trans Cymmrod. Soc. 1941, pp. 115-49; Hist. Carm. ed Lloyd, i. 237, 258-60, 375; ii. 453, 456; Vis. Bucks. (Harl. Soc. lviii); Trans. W. Wales Hist. Soc.). 
23a. 1530, Sir Henry Johnes, Sheriff of Carmarthen. His wife's uncle was Sir Thomas Morgan, High Sheriff of Monmouth, whose aunt was second wife of Sir Rhys Mansell, grandfather of Sir Robert Mansell, vice-admiral of England, one of ten sons, one probably being Thomas Mansell, as follows. Sir Henry Johnes, Sheriff of Carmarthen  m. (1) by 1554, Elizabeth (d. August 10. 1571), dau. of Mathew Herbert of Cogan Pill, Glam., at least 1s. Sir Thomas Johns of Abermarlais (d. March 7, 1604), m. Jane Puleston, dau. and coheiress of Rowland Puleston and Anne, dau. of Rowland Gruffydd of Plas Newydd, Anglesea, and second son of Sir John Puleston, of Bersham, Chamberlain of North Wales, and Constable of Caernarvon Castle. their dau. Elizabeth, married William Awbrey (Lewis Dwnn, Deputy Herald, Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613, Vol. I pp. 189, 333, vol. ii. pp. 58, 151).
23b. 1530, Robert Jones, 'mariner', probably an English Navy captain.
24b. 1555, William Jones. Captain of 'the Crane', an English navy ship that patroled the English Channel in 1602, replacing Thomas Mansell, a likely younger brother of Sir Robert Mansell, vice-admiral of England.
25b. 1580, John Jones, rector of St. Nicholas Acons, London, m. Anne Vassal, will pr. 27 july 1640 - 'to son William Jones my little gilt silver tankard which my husband's father took in Cadiz'.
26b. Baptised October 22, 1618, Robert Jones, of Fleet's Bay. Mr. Robert Jones died in 1676, his Will being probated on March 1st of that year, naming 'my loving friends Mr. Thomas Haynes and Mr. George Flowers' to be overseers; and witnesses 'Benj. Doggit' and 'Mathew Burrowes'.
26b. Baptised March 26, 1626, 'Thomas Jons the sone of Mr John Jons Rector and Ano his wife'. Patented land in Powell’s Creek, in Bermuda Hundred.

Although Robert Jones was mentioned in is father's Will of 1636, and not in his mother's of 1640, it should perhaps be noted that these Wills are somewhat vexatious; John Jones disallows his son Adam from inheriting any part of his 'proportional lands', and leaves a symbolic '12 pence apiece' to all his sons. This certainly implies disapproval of Adam, and  disinheritance, the English term 'cut off with a shilling' stems from this practice. His wife's Will of 1640 also conspicuously lists two of hers sons in its margin, as if her bequest to them was a death-bed afterthought, which did not apply to Robert. significantly, it would have been singularly unusual for Robert, if dying between his father's death, and the date of his mother's Will, not to have been buried at St Nicholas Acons, alongside his siblings and grandmother. There is no record of his burial in the parish registers, and this fact, together with the links heretofore given to the families of Doggit and Burrowes, strongly suggests that Robert Jones, of Fleet's Bay, was the son of 'Mr John Jons Rector and Ano his wife'. The association of his grandfather with the Mansells, kin of the Jones family of Abermarlais, strongly suggest that he was a 25th generation descendant of Pasgen, Lord of Gower.

copyright  m stanhope 2015


1. William the Conqueror, descendant of the Norman Dukes, m. Matilda of Flanders, dau. of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and Adèle of France, dau. of Robert II. of France.

2.Henry I. (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death. Henry was the fourth son of William the Conqueror. He m. Matilda, dau. of Malcolm III. of Scotland and Saint Margaret.

3. Empress Matilda, m. Geoffrey (le Bel) Plantagenet, August 24, 1113–September 7, 1151, Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144.His parents were Fulk, Count of Anjou, and King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death, and Ermengarde of Maine, also known as Erembourg de la Flèche (died 1126), Countess of Maine and the Lady of Château-du-Loir, dau. of Elias I, Count of Maine, and Mathilda of Château-du-Loire.

4. Henry II., March 5, 1133–6 July 1189, also known as Henry Curtmantle, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England. He m. Eleanor of Aquitaine, dau. of William X, Duke of Aquitaine, and Aenor de Châtellerault, dau. of Aimery I, Viscount of Châtellerault, and Dangerose de l' Isle Bouchard.

5. John, December 24, 1166–October 19, 1216, also known as John Lackland, King of England from April 6, 1199 until his death in 1216, m.  Isabella of Angoulême.

6. Henry III., October 1, 1207-November 16, 1272, m. Eleanor of Provence, dau. of Raymond-Berengar, Count of Provence, and Beatrice of Savoy.

7. Edward I., June 17, 1239–July 7, 1307, also known as Edward Longshanks, and the Hammer of the Scots, King of England from 1272 to 1307, m. Margaret, dau. of Philip III. of France, and Maria of Brabant.

8. Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk. He m. firstly, before January 8, 1326, Alice de Hales, dau. of Sir Roger de Hales, of Roughton, Norfolk, by his wife, Alice.
9. Margaret, in her own right Countess of Norfolk (sometimes surnamed Brotherton), m. John, Lord Segrave, son of Stephen Segrave, 3rd Baron Segrave, and Alice FitzAlan.

10. Elizabeth Segrave, m. John, Lord Mowbray, son of John de Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray, of Axholme, Lincolnshire, by his second wife, Joan of Lancaster, sixth and youngest dau. of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, younger son of Edmund, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Earl of Leicester, son of King Henry III. andEleanor of Provence. Henry's mother was Blanche of Artois, Queen Dowager of Navarre.

11. Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. On June 30, 1385 he was created Earl Marshal for life, and on January 12, 1386 he was granted the office in tail male. He m. Elizabeth FitzAlan, widow of Sir William Montagu, and dau. of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel, and Elizabeth Bohun, dau. of William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton.

12. Isabel de Mowbray, m., secondly, James, Lord Berkeley, son of Sir James de Berkeley and Elizabeth Bluet.

13. Maurice de Berkeley, de jure 3rd Lord Berkeley,  m. Isabel Mead, dau. of Philip Mead, of Mead's Place, Wraxall, Somerset, Alderman and thrice Mayor of Bristol.
14. Sir James Berkeley, m. Susan  FitzAlan  dau. and h. of William Fitzalan, of Bristol.

15. Mary Berkeley, m. Sir Thomas Johns of Abermarlais.

16a. Sir Henry Johns of Abermarlais, m. Elizabeth Herbert. 16b. Robert Jones.

17a. Sir Thomas Johns of Abermarlais, m Jane Puleston. 17b. Captain William Jones.

18a. Elizabeth Jones, m. Sir William Awbrey of Abercynrig. 18b. John Jones, rector of St Nicholas Acons.

19a. John Awbrey. 19b. Robert Jones of Fleet's Bay. Thomas Jones of Powell's Creek; almost certainly the father of Mr. George Jones.

William Chandler was certified as a transportee of Leonard Howson in Northumberland County on January 17, 1682  Thomas Chandler witnessed the 1692 Will of John Awbrey, whose widow Jane Awbrey married William Chandler. William appears in many Westmoreland County documents including his nuncupative will proved by Thomas Lee on July 21, 1729. He gave his wife at that time, what the law provided; his former wife's sister, Elizabeth Cooper, a slave; and friend, Henry Lee, a horse. He gave the remainder of his estate to Chandler Awbrey, his godson and grandson-in-law, whom he had reared with Jane.

 'Will of Honoria Jones, widow & relict of Mr. George Jones, being sick & weak of body ...  to my daughter Margaret Blagg, that seat … of land wch I purc. of Colnll. John Vassall lying & being on South Side of Rappa. River contaying Eleven hundred seventy & five acres the sd land to be at her absolute sole disposall for ever… to my daughter Elizabeth Gardner my Wedding Ring wch joyned me and my Husband Majr. John Weire in matrimonie … to my son In law Mr. Abraham Blagg 20 Shillings to buy him a mourning Ring … to my son Richard Gardner, a knife a ring of the aforesd value… to my Grandchild Richard Watts, one silver ... grandson, Edward BLagg, same aforesaid … grandson Luke Gardner the same … grandson Jno Gardner the same … daughter Margrett Blagg, Wife of Mr. Abraham Blagg to be my sole Executrix ... S/Honoria Jones. Wits: James Harrison, Andw. Oneby, Michael Bassey, Prvd. 21 Dec 1685 by Bassey, Wits. Henry Awbrey, Geo. Taylor. Rec. 4 Jan 1685/6. (Old Rappa. W.B.2: 84-5).

Christ Church Parish register, p. 29: William Jones, of New Kent County,  married (1) Alice Lee, July 8, 1686. He married (2) Mary Lee, also a daughter of Thomas Lee. They had 3 sons and 2 daughters. His will was made  March 6, 1709, and probated Dec. 19, 1709. Excutors: Wife Mary Lee Jones, and sons: William , Thomas, and James. Witnesses: Richard Winn, Thomas Warwick, William Gardner, and Thomas Chaney. Middlesex County Order Book 2, 1680-1694, p. 557.

Middlesex County Wills and Inventories: 1673-1812, p. 222. The will of Thomas Lee was dated February 13, 1709, proved March 6, 1709. In it he mentions his wife Elizabeth, son Charles, daughters Mary Jones and Ann Gardner, grandson Thomas Lee to whom he left the plantation bought of Anthony Slaughter, grandson Charles Lee and granddaughter Elizabeth Mullins, daughter of William Mullins, dec. His son Charles was executor and the witnesses were John Owen, Elizabeth Mullins and Ringing Gardner.

 copyright m stanhope 2016